Archive for ডিসেম্বর, 2008

 

Awfevmx kªwg‡Ki ¯^v_©i¶vq AvBwb KvVv‡gv `ye©j

W. DËg Kzgvi `vm

 

wek¦vq‡bi mvgvwRK I A_©‰bwZK SzwK †gvKvwejvq Kg©ms¯’vbmn bvbv cª‡qvR‡b wbR †`‡ki mxgvbvi †fZ‡i Ges Ab¨ †`‡k gvby‡li PjvPj µgvMZ evo‡Q| m`¨ cÖKvwkZ (wW‡m¤^i 2008) Avš—Rv©wZK Awfevmb ms¯’vi (AvBIGg) GK cÖwZ‡e`b Abymv‡i eZ©gv‡b Avš—Rv©wZK Awfevmxi msL¨v 200 wgwjq‡bi †ewk, hv 1965 mw‡ji msL¨vi AvovB ¸b| eZ©gv‡b we‡k¦i cÖvq cÖwZwU †`kB †Kvb bv †Kvbfv‡e gvby‡li Awfevmb ev PjvPj cÖwµqvq RwoZ| †Kv‡bvwU Awfevmx †cÖibKvix, †Kv‡bvwU hvZvqv‡Zi c_ A_ev †Kv‡bvwU Mš—e¨¯’j| wek¦ gvbwP‡Î evsjv‡`k GKwU Awfevmx kªwgK †cÖiYKvix †`k| 2007  mv‡j AvU jvL 32 nvRvi evsjv‡`wk †`‡ki evB‡i KvR Ki‡Z †M‡Q| we‡`‡k Kg©iZ evsjv‡`wkiv 2007-08 A_©eQ‡i 7.91 gvwK©b Wjv‡ii mgcwigvb A_© cÖevmx-Avq (†iwgU¨vÝ) wn‡m‡e cvwV‡q‡Q| GB A_© ˆe‡`wkK A_© mnvqZvi (IwWG) cvuP ¸Y Ges ˆe‡`wkK mivmwi A_© wewb‡qv‡Mi (GdwWAvB) bq ¸Y|

evsjv‡`‡ki †cÖ¶vc‡U †e‡`wkK Kg©ms¯’vb GKwU m¤¢vebvgq LvZ, hv `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb I Kg©ms¯’v‡bi †KŠkj wn‡m‡e Ae`vb ivL‡Z m¶g| Z‡e GB m¤¢vebv SzuwKgy³ bq| ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv AR©‡b cÖev‡m Kg©iZ kªwg‡Kiv ¸iƒZ¡c~Y© Ae`vb ivL‡jI Zviv bvbvfv‡e SzuwKc~Y©| Awfevmb cÖwµqv I ˆe‡`wkK Kg©ms¯’vb m¤ú‡K© Awfevmxi AÁZv Ges Kg©ms¯’vb cÖwµqvq cÖZviYvi Dcw¯’wZ GB LvZ‡K SzuwKi g‡a¨ †d‡j‡Q| G †¶‡Î GK‡kªYxi Amr Kg©ms¯’vb cÖwZôvb (wi΃wUs G‡RwÝ) Ges e¨w³i AcZrciZv Awfevmb LvZ‡K SzuwKc~Y© K‡i Zz‡j‡Q| evsjv‡`‡k cÖPwjZ kªg Awfevmb wel‡q AvBIG‡gi XvKv Awd‡mi GK M‡elYv cÖwZ‡e`b Abymv‡i(hv XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi AvBb wefv‡Mi Aa¨vcK wgRvbyi ingvb m¤úbœ& K‡i‡Qb) kªg Awfevmb-m¤úwK©Z eZ©gvb mg‡qi mgm¨v mgvav‡b cÖPwjZ AvBwb KvVv‡gv wKQzUv Am¤ú~Y©| ZvB Gme AvB‡b cÖ‡qvRbxq ms‡kvabx G‡b mg‡qvc‡hvMx Kiv cÖ‡qvRb| M‡elYv cÖwZ‡e`bg‡Z, 1982 mv‡ji Awfevmb Aa¨v‡`k Awfevmx kªwg‡Ki AwaKvi i¶vq cy‡ivcywi m¶g bq| Aa¨v‡`‡ki AvIZvq kªwg‡Ki m‡½ cÖZviYvmsµvš— Aciv‡ai †h kvw¯—i weavb i‡q‡Q, Zv Aciv‡ai gvÎvi Zzjbvq Kg| ZvB Gme AvBb ms‡kvab GLb mg‡qi `vwe|

Gw`‡K Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i AwaKvi myi¶vwelqK Avš—Rv©wZK †h mb` 1990 mv‡j  M„nxZ n‡q‡Q, evsjv‡`k Zv‡Z ïay ¯^v¶i(7 A‡±vei 1998)  K‡i‡Q| evsjv‡`k AvR ch©š— IB `wjj Aby¯^v¶i (†iwUdvB) ev †`‡k ev¯—evq‡bi D‡`¨vM MÖnY K‡iwb| RvwZms‡Ni mvavib cwil` KZ…©K M„nxZ 1990 mv‡ji mb`wU Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i AwaKvi i¶vi GK mywe¯—…Z AvBwb KvVv‡gv ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| 2003 mv‡ji 1jv RyjvB †_‡K Kvh©Ki nIqv mb`wU Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i AwaKvi i¶vq GK bZzb w`M‡š—i myPbv K‡i‡Q| Z‡e G K_v ejv cÖ‡qvRb †h 1990 mv‡ji mb` cÖK…Zc‡¶ Awfevmx kªwg‡Ki Rb¨ bZzb †Kvb AwaKvi¸”Q cÖ¯—ve K‡iwb, eis 1948 mv‡ji me©Rbxb gvbevwaKvi †Nvlbvq ewY©Z AwaKvi¸‡jv‡KB cybe¨©³ K‡i‡Q| cvkvcvwk gvbevwaKvi msµvš— Acivci Avš—Rv©wZK `wj‡j ewY©Z AwaKvi¸‡jv‡KI Awfevmx kªwg‡Ki c‡¶ mymgwbœZ K‡i‡Q| ejvevûj¨, 1990 mv‡ji mb` Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i AgvbweK Ae¯’v m¤ú‡K© wek¦ m¤cÖ`v‡qi `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i‡Q| GB mb` Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ Rxe‡bi AwaKvi (Aby‡”Q`-9), wbhv©Zb, wbg©g I AgvbweK AvPib †_‡K i¶v (অনઓে੧ছদ-10), `vmZ¡ I eva¨Zvg~jK kªg †_‡K gyw³ (Aby‡”Q`-11), ˆelg¨ †_‡K i¶v I mgZvi AwaKvi (Aby‡”Q`-7), Rei`w¯—g~jK ewn¯‹vi †_‡K i¶v (Aby‡”Q`-22), e¨w³MZ †MvcbxqZv (Aby‡”Q`-14) cÖf„wZ AwaKvi wbwðZ K‡i‡Q|

1990 mv‡ji mb` Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨ AwaKvi¸‡jv `yBfv‡M fvM K‡i‡Q- GKw`‡K n‡jv gvbevwaKvi¸‡jv Ab¨w`‡K gvbevwaKvi Qvov Ab¨ AwaKvi¸‡jv| Z‡e gvbevwaKvi¸‡jv AvBwb ghv©`v wbwe©‡k‡l me Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨| Z‡e Ab¨ AwaKvi¸‡jv ïay wbqwgZ (†i¸jvi) Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨| Z‡e 1990 mv‡ji mb`, AwbqwgZ cwiw¯’wZi kªwgK‡`i G‡Kev‡i ewÂZ bv K‡i Zv‡`i Rb¨ b~b¨Zg AwaKv‡ii gvb`‡Ûi wbðqZv w`‡q‡Q| Z‡e 1990 mv‡ji mb` Aby¯^v¶i Kivi myev‡` Awfevmx kªwgK †cÖiYKvix I MÖnYKvix iv‡óªi `vq`vwq‡Z¡ wKQzUv Zdvr i‡q‡Q| †cÖiYKvix iv‡óªi †¶‡Î Zvi †`‡ki bvMwiK‡`i KvR wb‡q evB‡i hvIqv Ges †`‡k wd‡i Avmvi e¨e¯’vcbv myMg Kiv, ˆe‡`wkK Kg©ms¯’vb I cÖvmw½K wel‡q c~e© Z_¨ cÖ`vb e¨e¯’v, we‡`‡k Kg©iZ‡`i ivR‰bwZK AwaKviPP©vi my‡hvM m„wó, we‡`‡k Ae¯’vbiZ‡`i Rb¨ chv©ß `~Zvevm (Kbmyjvi) myweav, kªwgK wb‡qvM-cÖwµqvq Ae¨e¯’v `~i Kiv Ges KvR wb‡q we‡`‡k hvIqv e¨w³‡`i †`‡k wd‡i Avmvq mnvqZv Kiv cÖf„wZ| Ab¨w`‡K MÖnYKvix iv‡óªi Rb¨ Awfevmx kªwgK (I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`‡m¨i) ¯^vaxbZv I e¨w³wbivcËv, wbivc` I ghv©`vKi KvR I evm¯’vb, Rei`w¯—g~jK m¤úwË AvUK bv Kiv, Kv‡Ri my‡hvM I AvB‡bi Avkª‡qi †¶‡Î mgZv, msMVb Kivi AwaKvi, e¨w³MZ KvMRc‡Îi wbivcËv Ges cvwievwiK c~bwg©j‡bi my‡hvM m„wói `vwqZ¡ Ac©Y K‡i‡Q| Aciw`‡K evsjv‡`‡ki msweav‡b bvMwi‡Ki Rb¨ AvB‡bi myi¶v (Aby‡”Q`-31), Rxeb I ¯^vaxbZvi AwaKvi (Aby‡”Q`-32), wbeZ©bg~j †MÖßvi I AvUK †_‡K i¶v (Aby‡”Q`-33), eva¨Zvg~jK kªg †_‡K i¶v (Aby‡”Q`-34), PjvP‡ji ¯^vaxbZv (Aby‡PeQ`-36), cÖf„wZ AwaKv‡ii wbðqZv i‡q‡Q| evsjv‡`wk †Kvb bvMwiK we‡`‡k Ae¯’vb Ki‡jI bvMwiK wn‡m‡e †m †gŠwjK AwaKvi †fv‡Mi AwaKvix| G †¶‡Î iv‡óªi `vwqZ¡ i‡q‡Q g‡g© nvB‡KvU© Zvui wm×v‡š— e‡j‡Qb| ZvB Awfevmx kªwgKI GB myi¶v cvIqvi AwaKvix|

G Qvov evsjv‡`k bvMwiK I ivR‰bwZK AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—Rv©wZK mb` (1966) Ges bvixi cÖwZ me ai‡bi ˆelg¨ `~ixKibmsµvš— mb`mn †hme gvbevwaKvi `wj‡j c¶ n‡q‡Q, Zv‡Z bvMwi‡Ki (†¶Îwe‡k‡l AbvMwi‡KiI) gvbevwaKvi i¶vq GK we‡kl `vqe×Zvi m„wó n‡q‡Q| Kv‡RB Awfevmx kªwgK I Zvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—Rv©wZK mb` Aby¯^v¶i Ki‡j evsjv‡`‡ki Rb¨ bZzb K‡i †Kvb `vqe×Zv m©wó n‡e bv, eis IB `wjj Aby¯^v¶‡ii ga¨ w`‡q Avš—Rv©wZK gvbevwaKvi i¶vi †¶‡Î †`‡ki fveg~wZ© D¾j n‡e Ges †`‡k kªg-Awfevmb e¨e¯’vcbvq Kvh©Ki AvBwb I cÖvwZôvwbK KvVv‡gvi c_ myMg n‡e| Z‡e G †¶‡Î ïay cÖZxKx Aby¯^v¶iB h‡_ó bq, mb‡`i †PZbv‡K RvZxq AvBwb KvVv‡gvq †X‡j mvRv‡Z n‡e| G Rb¨ `iKvi wbweo mw`”Qv I Avš—wiK cÖ‡Póv| G †¶‡Î miKvi I mykxj mgvR mevi D‡`¨vM cÖ‡qvRb|

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Election Manifesto of BNP-2008

Posted: ডিসেম্বর 19, 2008 in Election Manifesto-2008

 

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Dcw¯’Z mywagÛjx, Avgwš¿Z AwZw_MY, K‚U‰bwZK wgk‡bi m`m¨MY, `jxq mnKg©xMb Ges wcÖq mvsevw`K fvB I †ev‡biv, Avm&mvjvgy AvjvBKzg|

e³‡e¨i ïi“‡ZB Avwg gnvb gyw³hy‡×i exi knx`‡`i I knx` eyw×RxweM‡Yi ¯§„wZi cÖwZ Mfxi kª×v wb‡e`b KiwQ| GKB mv‡_ †`‡k MYZš¿ cÖwZôvi A‡›`vj‡b hviv Rxeb w`‡q‡Qb Zuv‡`i ¯§„wZi cÖwZI Avwg kª×v RvbvB| Zuv‡`i m‡e©v”P Z¨v‡Mi wewbg‡q AwR©Z ¯^vaxYZv I MYZš¿, myi¶v Ges Zv A_©en Kiv Avgv‡`i cweÎ `vwqZ¡| GB `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi `„p cÖZ¨q wb‡qB AvR Avwg Avcbv‡`i mvg‡b nvwRi n‡qwQ|

gnvb ¯^vaxbZvi †NvlK knx` †cÖwm‡W›U gyw³‡hv×v wRqvDi ingv‡bi †bZ„‡Z¡ evsjv‡`k RvZxqZvev`x `j – weGbwc Zvi hvÎv ïi“ K‡iwQj 1978 mv‡ji c‡njv †m‡Þ¤¦i|

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i³vwR©Z MYZš¿ myi¶vq Av‡cvlnxb weGbwc RbMY‡K mv‡_ wb‡q wcÖq Rb¥f~wg evsjv‡`k‡K GKwU myLx I mg„× iv‡ó« cwiYZ Ki‡Z `„p cÖwZÁ|

Avi Gme AR©‡bi j‡¶¨ weGbwc g‡b K‡i †h- GKwU Kvh©¨Ki msm`, `vwqZ¡kxj ivR‰bwZK cwi‡ek, ivó« I mvgvwRK mKj kw³i g‡a¨ Kvh©¨Ki mg‡SvZv, m¶g I wbi‡c¶ cÖkvmb, ¯^vaxb wePvi e¨e¯’v, `~i`k©x ciivó«bxwZ Ges h_v_©B MYgyLx cÖkvmb cÖ‡qvRb| wKš‘ Gi †KvbUvB AR©b Lye mnR bq- Avevi Am¤¢e I bq| †`k‡cÖg I RbM‡Yi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡‡eva Avgv‡`i‡K Gme AR©‡b mdj Ki‡e|

Avj­vni †g‡nievbx‡Z †`‡ki RbM‡Yi mg_©‡b Avmbœ wbe©vP‡b weRqx n‡q †`k cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡j weGbwc †`k I RbM‡Yi mvgwMÖK Kj¨vY I DbœwZ wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ Ô†`k evuPvIgvbyl evuPvIÕ GB †k­vMvb‡K aviY K‡i Bbkvj­vn wbijmfv‡e KvR Ki‡e|

†mB AvKv•Lv †_‡K weGbwc †`k I RYM‡Yi ¯^v‡_© AvMvgx w`b¸wj‡Z hv wKQy Kiv cÖ‡qvRb Ges m¤¢e e‡j g‡b K‡i, ZvB Kivi cÖwZkª“wZ wbe©vPbx Bk‡Znvi wnmv‡e †NvlYv Ki‡Q|

GB Bk‡Znv‡i Avgiv –

`ªe¨g~j¨ Kwg‡q †`‡ki `wi`ª RbM‡Yi m¤§vbRbK fv‡e †eu‡P _vKvi AwaKvi wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ –

Ø      cÖvwš—K K…lK‡`i mvkªqx g~‡j¨ h_vmg‡q ch©¨vß cwigvb DbœZ Rv‡Zi exR, mvi, KxUbvkK, †m‡Pi cv¤ú I Zv Pvjv‡bvi Rb¨ we`y¨r wK¤^v R¡vjvbx mieivn mn me ai‡Yi mnvqZv Ges cÖ‡qvR‡b fZ~©Kx w`‡q wbZ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq Lv`¨ c‡Y¨i Drcv`b e„w× I Drcv`b e¨q n«vm K‡i wbZ¨cÖ‡qvRbxq `ªe¨vw`i g~j¨ mvaviY gvby‡li µq ¶gZvi g‡a¨ ivLvi Ges ch©¨vqµ‡g `vg Kgv‡bvi A½xKvi K‡iwQ

Ø      cÖvK…wZK `~‡h©vM, eb¨v, Liv m‡Ë¡I hv‡Z RbMY Lv`¨vfv‡e Kó bv cvb wK¤^v Lv`¨g~j¨ hv‡Z RbM‡bi bvMv‡ji evB‡i bv hvq – †mRb¨ Lv`¨ Drcv`‡b ¯^qsm¤ú~Y©Zv AR©b Ges ch©vß Lv`¨ wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi Kg©m~Px MÖn‡Yi K_v †Nvlbv K‡iwQ

Ø      `vwi`ª we‡gvP‡bi j‡¶¨ †`‡ki cÖ‡Z¨KwU cwiev‡ii Aš—tZ GKRb m¶g gvbyl hv‡Z ¯’vqx KvR cvb †m Rb¨ ÔRvZxq Kg©ms¯’vb cÖKíÕ MÖnY Kivi cwiKíbv K‡iwQ

wbe©vP‡bi ci ¶gZvmxb n‡j weGbwc miKvi me‡P‡q Av‡M AvBb-k„•Ljv mycÖwZôv Ges mš¿vm `g‡bi Kv‡R me©kw³ wb‡qvM Ki‡e Ges †mB j‡¶¨ Avgiv –

Ø      RbM‡Yi Rvb, gvj I m¤£g i¶v Ges †`‡k kvwš—, k„sLjv I AvB‡bi kvmb cÖwZôvq Avgiv e¨w³ I `jxq ¯^v‡_©i D‡×© †_‡K AvBbx we‡ivax Kvh©¨µg Ges ¯’vbxq I Avš—R©vwZK mš¿vmx Kvh©¨µg K‡Vvifv‡e `gb Kie| 

Ø      AvBb k„sLjv i¶vKvix evwnbx‡K AviI kw³kvjx I Kvh©¨Ki Kivi Rb¨ Zv‡`i‡K cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖwk¶b, DbœZ miÄvg, AvaywbK A¯¿ I Ab¨vb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq my‡hvM mvweav w`‡q Avf¨š—ixb kvwš— k„sLjv i¶vi Dc‡hvMx evwnbx wnmv‡e M‡o Zyje|

mgv‡Ri mKj ¯—‡i Ges me †kªYxi g‡a¨ `yb©xwZi cÖmvi N‡U‡Q| G wel‡q †`‡k I we‡`‡k e¨vcK Ges A‡bK †¶‡Î AwZ cÖPviYv n‡q‡Q| Gi d‡j evsjv‡`‡ki AwaKvsk gvbyl mr I ˆbwZK Rxeb-hvcb Ki‡jI we‡klZt we‡`‡k evsjv‡`‡ki fveg~wZ© ¶wZMÖ¯— n‡q‡Q| GB Ae¯’vi cwieZ©b Avb‡Z n‡e| †mB j‡¶¨-

Ø      RvZxq Dbœq‡bi Ab¨Zg cÖavb evav `~bx©wZi Awfkvc †_‡K †`k‡K gy³ Kivi Rb¨ Avgiv K‡Vvi nv‡Z `~yyb©xwZ `gb Ges `yyb©xwZi DrmgyyL e‡Üi Kg©m~~Px wb‡qwQ| `yyb©xwZ `gb Kwgkb‡K ¯^vaxb, wbi‡c¶ Ges msweavb I AvB‡bi Aax‡b Kvh©¨Kifv‡e KvR Kivi myy‡hvM †`Iqvi cvkvcvwk Agiv `yyb©xwZi weiyy‡× m‡PZbZv I RbgZ m„„wói Rb¨ wbe©vwPZ ¯’vbxq miKvi cªªwZôvb mg~~n, wgwWqv Ges RmM‡Yi mwµq mn‡hvwMZv †b‡ev|

 

Ø      wbe©vP‡bi ci kc_ MÖn‡Yi 30 w`‡bi g‡a¨ mKj wbe©vwPZ RbcÖwZwbwa‡K m¤ú‡`i weeibx cÖKvk Kivi weavb Kvh©¨Ki Kiv n‡e|

evsjv‡`‡ki A_©‰bwZK DbœwZ I weGbwc cÖvq mgv_©K| weGbwc hLbB †`k †mevi `vwqZ¡ †c‡q‡Q ZLbB †`‡k e¨vcK A_©‰bwZK DbœwZ n‡q‡Q| c~btwbe©vwPZ n‡j Drcv`b I Dbœq‡bi ivRbxwZ‡Z wek¦vmx weGbwc miKvi A_©‡bwZK Dbœq‡bi GB aviv‡K AviI †eMevb Ki‡e Ges †mB j‡¶¨-

Ø      RvZxq A_©bxwZ Ges wkí I evwY‡R¨i Ae¨vnZ Dbœqb wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ Avgiv †emiKvix LvZ I mgevq‡K AMÖvwaKvi †`‡ev|

Ø      †`kx, we‡`kx wewb‡qvMKvixiv – we‡kl K‡i cÖevmx evsjv‡`kx‡`i‡K Avgiv cÖ‡qvRbxq my‡hvM-myweav w`‡q †`‡k wewb‡qv‡M DrmvwnZ Ki‡ev

Ø      we`~¨r I R¡vjvbx Lv‡Zi `ª“Z DbœwZ wbwðZ K‡i wk‡íi weKvk, RbM‡Yi †fvMvwš—  n«vm Ges ißvbx Kvh©¨µg †Rvi`vi Ki‡ev| RvZxq ¯^v_© i¶v K‡i †Zj, M¨vm, Kqjv I Ab¨vb¨ LwbR m¤ú‡`i m‡e©vËg e¨envi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

Ø      †`‡ki me‡P‡q †ekx kªwgK we‡kl K‡i wecyj msL¨K bvix kªwgK wb‡qvMKvix Ges me‡P‡q †ekx ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv AR©bKvix Mv‡g©›Um wkí‡K Avš—R©vwZK cÖwZ‡hvMxZvq wU‡K _vK‡Z I AviI m¤cÖmvwiZ n‡Z me ai‡bi mnvqZv †`qv n‡e

Ø      †`kxq wkí – we‡kl K‡i cvU, Pv, e¯¿, wPwb, Jla, wmivwgK I Pvgov wk‡íi myi¶v I Ae¨vnZ Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ me©vZ¥K e¨e¯’v MÖnb Kiv n‡e|

Ø      ¶z`ª I KzwUi wk‡íi Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ †`‡ki wkw¶Z hyekw³, bvix D‡`¨v³v Ges mgevqx‡`i we‡kl cÖwk¶Y I FY mnvqZv †`qv n‡e

Ø      ißvbx evwb‡R¨ fvimvg¨ Avbv Ges AwaKZi Kg©ms¯’v‡bi j‡¶¨ K…wlwfwËK I ißvbxg~Lx wkí¯’vcb I cÖmv‡i me©vZ¡K mnvqZv †`qv n‡e

Ø      moK, †ij, †bŠ I AvKvk †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v DbœwZ I m¤úÖmviY Ges hvÎx I e¨emvevÜe Kiv n‡e

Ø      Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i M‡o Avg`vbx I ißvbx evwYR¨ mnRZi Ges AwaKZi cÖwZ‡hvMxZvg~jK Kiv n‡e

eZ©gvb ev¯—eZvi wbwi‡L we`y¨r I R¡vjvwb kw³i Dbœqb I RvZxq ¯^v_© i¶v K‡i Zvi m‡e©vËg e¨env‡ii Rb¨ weGbwc cÖ_g ‡_‡KB Zrci n‡e Ges †mB j‡¶¨-

Ø      we`y¨r Drcv`b Ges RvZxq ¯^v‡_© M¨vm, ˆZj, Kqjv I Ab¨vb¨ LwbR m¤ú‡`i m‡e©vËg e¨envi wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ civgk© †`qvi Rb¨ h_v_©B AwfÁ e¨w³‡`i mgš^‡q GKwU we‡klÁ KwgwU MVb K‡i Zv‡`i civgk© †gvZv‡eK RvZxq R¡vjvbx bxwZ cÖbqb Kiv n‡e

Ø      hZ `ª“Z m¤¢e we`y¨r, Kqjv I M¨v‡mi Drcv`b evov‡bvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e Ges RvZxq ¯^v_©‡K AMÖvwaKvi w`‡q Zv e¨envi Kiv n‡e 

Ø      weweqvbv‡Z 450 †gMvIqvU, wmivRM‡Ä 450 †gMvIqvU Ges Dbœqb mn‡hvMx‡`i mnvqZv I ¯’vbxq wewfbœ e¨vs‡Ki A_©vq‡b gvSvix I †QvU cvIqvi c­v›U cÖKí ev¯—evqb Z¡ivwš^Z Kiv n‡e

Ø      cvwb, evq~ I †mŠi kw³ Drcv`‡bi Ges we`y¨r Drcv`‡bi Rb¨ cvigvbweK kw³ †K›`ª ¯’vc‡bi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e

K…wl c‡Y¨i Drcv`b e¨q h_vm¤¢e n«vm K‡i `ªe¨g~j¨ w¯’wZkxj I `ª“Z Kwg‡q Avbvi j‡¶¨-

Ø      K…wl Lv‡Zi AvaywbKvqb I Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ bZyb bZyb cÖhyw³, M‡elYv I M‡elYvjä djvdj‡K gv‡V cÖ‡qv‡Mi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e| me ai‡bi K…wl cb¨ Drcv`‡bi nvi I cwigvb e„w×i Rb¨ me©vZ¥K cÖqvm †bqv n‡e|

Ø      K„lK hv‡Z Drcvw`Z c‡Y¨i b¨vh¨g~j¨ cvq Ges †fv³vMY‡K hv‡Z AwZwi³ g~‡j¨ `ªe¨vw` wKb‡Z eva¨ n‡Z bv nq †mB j‡¶¨ K…wl c‡Y¨i h_vh_ msi¶Y, cwienb Ges evRviRvZ Ki‡Y cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjv n‡e Ges  ga¨¯^Z¡‡fvMx‡`i †`ŠivZ¥ K‡Vi n‡¯— `gb Kiv n‡e

†`‡k I we‡`‡k Kv‡Ri Pvwn`vi cÖwZ j¶¨ †i‡L wk¶v Kvh©µg Abym„Z n‡”Q bv| wk¶vi gvb evo‡Q bv| GB    ev¯—eZvi wbwi‡L wk¶v‡¶‡Î AvMvgx cuvP eQ‡i weGbwc hv AR©b Ki‡Z Pvq Zvi Ab¨Zg n‡jv-

Ø      wk¶v e¨e¯’v‡K MYg~Lx I Kg©g~Lx Kivi j‡¶¨ `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡bi 100 w`‡bi g‡a¨ †hvM¨ I AwfÁ e¨vw³M‡Yi mgš^‡q GKwU civgk©K KwgwU MVb K‡i Zv‡`i civgk© †gvZv‡eK mevi Rb¨ MYg~Lx I Kg©g~Lx wk¶v e¨e¯’v Kvh©Ki Kiv n‡e|

Ø      †`‡ki mKj bvMwi‡Ki Rb¨ h‡_vchy³ wk¶v jv‡fi Øvi AevwiZ Kiv n‡e Ges  AvMvgx 5 eQ‡ii g‡a¨ hv‡Z †`‡ki †Kvb gvbyl wbi¶i bv _v‡K Ges †Kvb wkï hv‡Z wk¶v½‡bi evB‡i bv _v‡K Zv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      `vwi`ª A_P †gavex QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i Rb¨ ch©vß e„wË¡i e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e hv‡Z Avw_©K ˆ`b¨Zvi Kvi‡b †Kvb †gavex QvÎ-QvÎx D”P wk¶vi my‡hvM †_‡K ewÂZ bv nq

Ø      wk¶v e¨e¯’v‡K MYgyLx I Kg©gyLx Kivi j‡¶¨ mKj ¯‹yj, K‡jR, gv`ªvmvq mvavib wk¶vi cvkvcvwk Z_¨cÖhyw³ mn Ab¨vb¨ †ckvwfwËK KvwiMix wk¶vi my‡hvM m„wó Kiv n‡e

Ø      wk¶v cÖwZôvb mg~n‡K ivR‰bwZK cÖfvegy³ ivLvi j‡¶¨ g¨v‡bwRs KwgwU/Mfwb©s ewW MV‡b bZyb bxwZ gvjv cÖbqb Kiv n‡e|

Ø      wk¶KM‡Yi gh©v`v mgybœZ ivLv n‡e Ges Zv‡`i‡K m¤§vbRbK Rxebavi‡Yi Dc‡hvMx †eZb fvZv I my‡hvM myweav †`qv n‡e

mevi Rb¨ my¯^v¯’¨ wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ weGbwc miKvi †hme c`‡¶c †b‡e Zvi Ab¨Zg n‡jv-

Ø      RvZxq ¯^v¯’¨bxwZ‡K AvaywbKvqb I RbKj¨vbg~Lx Kiv n‡e Ges ch©¨vqµ‡g mKj A¯^”Qj bvMwi‡Ki Rb¨ ¯^v¯’¨exgv Pvjy Kiv n‡e

Ø      wPwKrmK, †UKbjwRó I bvm©‡`i †`‡k I we‡`‡k cÖ‡qvRbxq D”PZi wk¶v I cªwk¶‡bi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq wPwKrmv hš¿cvwZ I miÄvg webv ï‡é Avg`vbxi my‡hvM †`qv n‡e| d‡j †`‡kB DbœZ I we‡klvwqZ wPwKrmvi my‡hvM evo‡e hv‡Z g~j¨evb ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv LiP K‡i KvD‡K we‡`‡k wPwKrmvi Rb¨ †h‡Z bv nq

Ø      mviv‡`‡k RbM‡Yi Rb¨ DbœZ wPwKrmvi my‡hvM m¤úÖmvi‡bi j‡¶¨ AviI bZyb nvmcvZvj – wK¬wbK wbg©vbmn we`¨gvb miKvix nvmcvZvj¸wj‡Z  †e‡Wi msL¨v I my‡hvM myweav e„w× Kiv n‡e

Ø      DcK‚jxq GjvKv Ges Piv‡ji RbM‡Yi ¯^v¯’¨ †mev wbðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ †gvevBj †gwW‡Kj BDwbU Pvjy Kiv n‡e

Ø      Dc‡Rjv I BDwbqb ch©v‡q ¯^v¯’¨ I cwievi Kj¨vY †K‡›`ª Av‡iv GgweweGm Wv³vi I Av‡iv mnvqK Rbej wb‡qvM Kiv n‡e Ges †mevi gvb I cwiwa e„w× Kiv n‡e|

Ø      kvwiwiK I gvbwmK cÖwZeÜx‡`i wPwKrmv, wk¶v, Kg©ms¯’vb I cybe©vm‡bi Kg©m~wP †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e

mvgwMÖKfv‡e †`‡ki A_©‰bwZK Ae¯’vi DbœwZ n‡j bZzb Kg©ms¯’v‡bi my‡hvM m„wó nq| AZx‡Zi cÖwZwU weGbwc kvmb Avg‡j †`‡ki cÖf‚Z A_©‰bwZK DbœwZ N‡U‡Q ZLb Kg©ms¯’vbI †e‡o‡Q| AvMvgx‡Z GwU weGbwci AMÖvwaKvi Bmy¨ wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ n‡e Ges  †m j‡¶¨ –

Ø      MÖvgxY A‡j Kg©ms¯’v‡bi w`‡K AwaK †Rvi †`‡e| GRb¨ MÖvgxY AeKvVv‡gvi PjwZ I Amgvß KvR¸‡jv mgvß Kivq AMÖvwaKvi †`‡e|

Ø      †eKvi mgm¨vi mgvav‡bi j‡¶¨ evwl©K Dbœqb Kg©m~wPi myôy ev¯—evqb

Ø      mviv‡`‡k †¯úkvj BK‡bvwgK †Rvb cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e   

Ø      ¶z`ª I KywUi wk‡í Drmvn w`‡q MÖvgxb A_©bxwZ †Rvi`vi, mgevq Av‡›`vjb‡K mnvqZv cÖ`vb

Ø      †`‡k AwaKnv‡i kªgNb wkí ¯’vcb I eÜ wk‡í cybivq Drcv`b Kvh©¨µg ïi“ Kivi Rb¨ Drmvn `vb

Ø      we‡`‡k `¶ kªwgK‡`i AwaKnv‡i Kg©ms¯’v‡bi my‡hvM m„wói Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖwk¶‡bi e¨e¯’v

Ø      wk¶K, cÖ‡KŠkjx, Wv³vi, bvm©mn wewfbœ †ckvRxwe Ges Gwkqvb Kvwjbvix K‡jR cÖwZôvi gva¨‡g BD‡ivc I ga¨cÖv‡P¨ †nv‡Uj †i÷z‡i‡›U Kv‡Ri Rb¨ †hvM¨ Kg©x‡`i †cÖi‡Yi e¨e¯’v

Ø      AvZ¥ Kg©ms¯’v‡bi D‡`¨v‡M mnqZv `vb Kivi gZ wewfbœ Kg©m~wP MÖnb Kiv n‡e

weGbwc I Pvi`jxq †RvU miKv‡ii Avg‡j †`‡k †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’vi hyMvš—Kvix Dbœqb nq| †`‡ki meKwU cÖavb nvBI‡qi Dbœqb, eo eo b`xi Ici eªxR wbg©vb, PU«MÖv‡g wbDgywis Uvwg©bvj wbg©vY, evsjv‡`k †ijI‡q AvaywbKvqb, ˆfi‡ei Kv‡Q †gNbv †mZy wbg©vb I gy›mxM‡Ä a‡jk¦ix †mZy wbg©vY, Kb©d~jx b`xi Ici Z„Zxq †mZy wbg©vb Kv‡R AMÖMwZ, c`¥v †mZy wbg©v‡Y wek¦e¨vsK, Gwkqvb †W‡fjc‡g›U e¨vsK I Rvcv‡bi A_© mvnv‡h¨i cÖwZkª“wZ cÖvwß I m¤¢ve¨Zv hvPvB Kv‡Ri mgvwß, PÆMÖvg I wm‡jU Gqvi †cv‡U© bZyb `ywU Uvwg©bvj wewìs wbgv©vY, GmeB n‡”Q weMZ weGbwc I Pvi`jxq †RvU miKv‡ii cvP eQ‡i †hvMv‡hvM Lv‡Z Dbœq‡bi †iKW©| mvd‡j¨i GB aviv Ae¨vnZ ivLvi j‡¶¨ weGbwc miKvi-

Ø      m¤¢ve¨Zv wi‡cv‡U©i wfwˇZ wWc wm †cvU© ev Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i wbg©v‡Yi j‡¶¨ †emiKvwi wewbw‡qvM AvKl©‡Yi †Póv Kiv Ges GRb¨ `vZv‡Mvwôi mvnvh¨ †b‡e|

Ø      PÆMÖvg I g½jv e›`‡ii Kvh©µg hv‡Z †Kvb fv‡eB wewNœZ bv nq †m j‡¶¨ mswk­ó mK‡ji mv‡_ Av‡jvPbv K‡i ¯’vqx I Kvh©¨Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      c`¥v †mZy wbg©vb Ges XvKv-PÆMÖvg nvBI‡q‡K Pvi †jb †gvUi I‡q‡Z iƒcvš—wiZ Kivi KvR `ª“Z mgvß Kiv n‡e

Ø      ivRavbxmn eo kni¸‡jv‡Z hvbRU Kgv‡bvi Rb¨ bZyb moK, d¬vBIfvi I XvKvq Gwj‡f‡UW g‡bv‡ij wbg©v‡bi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      mviv‡`‡k †ij †hvMv‡hvM `ª“ZZi I Avivg`vqK, ‡bŠcwienb e¨e¯’v DbœZ I wbivc` Ges esjv‡`k wegvb‡K jvfRbK Kivi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

†`‡ki mvwe©K Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ cÖkvmb‡K RbM‡Yi nv‡Zi Kv‡Q wb‡q hvIqv Ges mykvmb cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨  cÖkvmb‡K e¨vcKfv‡e we‡K›`ªxKiY Kiv n‡e –

Ø      ¯’vbxq ch©v‡q Dbœqbg~jK mKj Kg©Kv‡Û RbM‡Yi mwµq AskMÖnY wbwðZ Kiv, cÖkvmb‡K RbM‡bi nv‡Zi Kv‡Q wb‡q hvIqv Ges mykvmb cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨ cÖkvmb‡K e¨cKfv‡e we‡K›`ªxKiY Kiv n‡e

Ø      †Rjv, Dc‡Rjv I BDwbqb ch©v‡q RbM‡Yi wbe©vwPZ cÖwZwbwa‡`i gva¨‡g ¯’vbxq miKvi e¨e¯’v AwaKZi Kvh©¨Ki I kw³kvjx Kiv n‡e

Ø      MÖvg cq©v‡q †hvM¨ †bZ„Z¡ m„wói j‡¶¨ weGbwc memgqB KvR K‡i‡Q| G j‡¶¨ wbe©vwPZ weGbwc miKvi cÖPwjZ ¯’vbxq miKvi e¨e¯’v Ges wbe©vwPZ cÖwZwbwa‡`i ¶gZv I `vwqZ¡ envj †i‡LB ¯’vbxq Dbœqb I RbKj¨v‡Y cÖvwš—K RbM‡Yi AskMÖn‡bi my‡hvM m¤úÖÖmvwiZ Ki‡e

ciivóª, ivóªxq wbivcËv-

Ø      msweavb I gnvb gyw³hy‡×i Av`k© mg~bœZ †i‡L Ômevi mv‡_ eÜyZ¡ Ges Kv‡iv mv‡_ ˆeixZv bq Õ- GB  g‡bvfve wb‡q evsjv‡`‡ki ciivó«bxwZ Abymib Kiv n‡e

Ø      ivóªxq mve©‡fŠgZ¡ Ges †`‡ki ¯’jmxgv, mgy`ª mxgv I †fŠMwjK ALÛZv myi¶v Ges †`‡ki ivR‰bwZK I mgvwRK ¯^vaxbZv wbwðZKiY mn mKj wel‡q †`k, RvZx I RbM‡Yi ¯^v_© i¶v Kiv n‡e

Ø      GKwU Amv¤úª`vwqK, D`vicwš’, mwnòz I kvwš—wcÖq RvwZ nIqv m‡Ë¡I evsjv‡`k‡K †gŠjev`x, DMÖcš’x I mwnsm RvwZ wnmv‡e wPwýZ Kivi †h AcZrciZv Pvjv‡bv n‡”Q Zv Kvh©¨Ki fv‡e cÖwZnZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      A_©‰bwZK DbœwZ I weKv‡ki j‡¶¨ K~U‰bwZK ZrciZv, AÂwjK mn‡hvMxZv, gymwjg †`kmg~‡ni mv‡_ †mŠfvZ„Z¡ Ges cvi¯úwiK kª×v I m¤§v‡bi wfwˇZ cÖwZ‡ekx †`k¸‡jvi mv‡_ †mŠvnv‡`©¨i m¤úK© eRvq ivLv n‡e

Ø      mvK©, wegm&‡UK, IAvBwm, KgbI‡qj_ mn wewfbœ ms¯’v Ges †RvU wbi‡c¶ Av‡›`vjb‡K Av‡iv †Rvi`vi Kivi †Póv Kiv n‡e

Ø      Av‡jvPbv I mg‡SvZvi wfwˇZ cÖwZ‡ekx †`k¸‡jvi mv‡_ we`¨gvb AgxgvswmZ Bmy¨mg~n cvi¯úwiK ¯^v_© I m¤§vb eRvq †i‡L `ª“Z gxgvsmvi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e

Ø      mš¿vm `g‡bi Avš—R©vwZK cÖ‡Póvq mn‡hvMxZv Kiv n‡e

Ø      wek¦vqb I Z_¨ cÖhyw³i myweav †_‡K jvfevb nevi Ges ˆewk¦K DòZvi d‡j Rjevq~ cwieZ©b mn †h me wec` m„wó n‡”Q Zv †_‡K i¶v cvIqvi mKj Aš—R©vwZK cÖqv‡m Ask †bqv n‡e

cÖwZi¶v – 

Ø      †`k‡cÖwgK cÖwZi¶v evwnbx‡K AvaywbK †U«wbs, †UKbjwR I mgiv¯¿ w`‡q Av‡iv msMwVZ I kw³kvjx Kiv n‡e

Ø      cÖwZi¶v evwnbx‡Z wb‡qvM, c`‡bœvwZ I c`vq‡bi welq we‡ePbv Kiv n‡e †gav, `¶Zv I †hvM¨Zv I PvwiwÎK ¸Yvejx Ges wmwbqwiwUi gvcKvwV‡Z

Ø      cÖwZi¶v evwnbxi m`m¨‡`i gyw³hy× I msweav‡bi Av`‡k© D¾xweZ Kiv n‡e Ges Zv‡`i‡K mKj weZ‡K©i D‡×© ivLv n‡e

Ø      RvwZms‡Ni kvwš— i¶v wgk‡b cÖwZi¶v I cywjk evwnbxi m`m¨‡`i cvVv‡bi bxwZ Ae¨nZ ivLv n‡e Ges Gi †¶Î Av‡iv m¤úªmv‡‡bi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e

RvZxq msm` –

RvZxq msm` n‡e RvZxq ivRbxwZi †K›`ªwe›`y| RvZxq msm`‡K GKwU Kvh©¨Ki Ges A_©en cÖwZôvb wnmv‡e M‡o †Zvjvi Rb¨ weGbwc wb‡æv³ c`‡¶c cÖnY Ki‡e-

Ø      whwb w¯úKvi ev †WcywU w¯úKvi wnmv‡e wbe©vwPZ n‡eb wZwb Zvi `jxq c` †_‡K mv‡_ mv‡_ B¯—dv w`‡eb Ges †mB `‡ji mv‡_ mKj m¤úK© wQbœ Ki‡eb| we‡ivax `‡ji GKRb g‡bvwbZ msm` m`m¨ †WcywU w¯úKvi n‡eb|

 

Ø      wbe©vP‡bi ci mKj msm` m`m¨ miKvi cÖ‡`q mg¯— my‡hvM myweav GKBfv‡e †fvM Ki‡eb Ges wbe©vPbx GjvKvi Rb¨ miKv‡ii †Kvb ai‡bi eiv‡Ï †Kvb ˆelg¨g~jK bxwZ Abymib Kiv n‡e bv|

Ø      msm‡` we‡ivax `j hv‡Z GKwU m¤§vbRbK Ges Kvh©¨Ki f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z cv‡i †m Rb¨ mKj cÖKvi mn‡hvMxZv cÖ`vb Kiv n‡e|

wePvi e¨e¯’v Ges wePvi wefv‡Mi ¯^vaxYZv –

mn‡R I Kg Li‡P, `ª“Z wePvi cvIqvi Rb¨ Ges †`‡ki Ny‡Y aiv wePvi e¨e¯’v‡K MwZgq Ges RbM‡bi Av¯’vkxj cÖwZôv‡b cwiYZ Kivi j‡¶¨ weMZ weGbwc †RvU miKvi wePvi wefvM‡K ¯^vaxb Kivi j‡¶¨ GK HwZnvwmK ms¯‹vi Kvh©¨µ‡gi m~Pbv K‡i| wKš‘ eZ©gvb ZË¡veavqK miKv‡ii Avg‡j †Kv‡bv bZzb ms¯‹vi †Zv `~‡ii K_v, wePvi Kv‡h©¨ Zv‡`i bMœ n¯—‡¶‡ci Kvi‡Y wePvi wefv‡Mi ¯^vaxYZv aŸsm K‡i †`Iqv nq| weGbwc wbe©vP‡b Rqjvf Ki‡j Zv‡`i Abym„Z c~‡e©Kvi ms¯‹vi Kg©m~wP Ae¨vnZ ivL‡e Ges wePvi wefv‡Mi c~Y© ¯^vaxYZv my`„p Kivi Rb¨ –

Ø                  gvgjv wb®úwˇZ wej¤^ †iva Ges gvgjvi RU wbimb Kivi Rb¨ †`Iqvbx Ges †dŠR`vix Kvh©¨wewa‡K c~Ytweb¨vm Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  †h me cÖvwZôvwbK `ye©jZvi Kvi‡b wePvi wefv‡M `~b©xwZi my‡hvM m„wó nq, KvVv‡gvMZ ms¯‹v‡ii gva¨‡g `~b©xwZi †mB me my‡hvM wbwðý Kivi e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  wePvi cÖkvmb Ges gvgjv e¨e¯’vcbvq AvaywbK cÖhyw³i mgš^‡q WvUv‡e‡Ri wfwˇZ Avg~j cwieZ©b Avbvi Kvh©¨µg †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  wePvi wefv‡Mi c„_KxKib I c~Y© ¯^vaxbZv wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ mycÖxg †Kv‡U©i Aax‡b GKwU ¯^Zš¿ mwPevjq ¯’vcb Kiv n‡e| msweav‡b ewY©Z Pvi g~jbxwZ h_v : me©kw³gvb Avj­­vni Ici c~Y© Av¯’v I wek¦vm, RvZxqZvev`, MYZš¿ Ges A_©‡bwZK I mvgvwRK b¨vqwePvi mgybœZ ivLv n‡e Ges msm`xq MYZvwš¿K e¨e¯’v mymsnZ Kiv n‡e| Ges –

Ø      cÖkvm‡b ¯^”QZv I Revew`wnZv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e Ges cÖkvmb‡K me ai‡Yi ivR‰bwZK n¯—‡¶c †_‡K gy³ ivLv n‡e

Ø      RbMb‡K kvmb Kivi Rb¨ bq – cÖkvmb hv‡Z RbM‡bi †mevi Rb¨ KvR K‡i Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      ivó«xq cÖkvm‡b wb‡qvM, c‡`vbœwZ I c`vq‡bi gvcKvwV n‡e †gav , †hvM¨Zv, `¶Zv I AwfÁZv|

gvby‡li evm¯’v‡bi AwaKvi wbwðZ Ki‡Z wbe©vwPZ weGbwc miKvi AvMvgx‡Z-

Ø      kni  I MÖv‡gi ¯^í Av‡qi gvbyl‡`i Avevmb mgm¨v mgvav‡bi cwiKwíZ e¨e¯’v †b‡e hv‡Z mevB  GKwU ¯’vqx wVKvbv †c‡Z cv‡i|

Ø      M„nnxb – weË¡nxb gvbyl‡`i Rb¨ miKvix Lvm Rwg‡Z ¯^í e¨‡q M„n wbg©v‡Yi j‡¶¨  †emiKvix LvZ I GbwRI †`i mnvqZv †bqv n‡e|

Ø      win¨v‡ei mn‡hvwMZvq †`‡ki †QvU I gvSvwi kn‡i bZyb Avevmb cÖKí ev¯—vevqb Kiv n‡e|

Ø      f~wgK¤ú cÖeY GjvKv wn‡mv‡e wPwýZ evsjv‡`‡k AcwiKwíZ bMivqb I wbægv‡bi eûZj feb  wbg©vY eÜ Kiv  n‡e

bvix‡`i ¶gZvqb I gh©v`v e„w×i j‡¶¨ weGbwc Pvq Rxe‡bi me©‡¶‡ÎB bvix‡`i Ae¯’vb †hb Av‡iv DbœZ nq| wbe©vwPZ n‡j G wel‡q weGbwci KvR¸‡jv n‡e –

Ø      bvixi ¶gZvqb, gh©v`v Ges wm×vš—MÖnYg~jK c‡` AskMÖnY e„w×i j‡¶¨ Kvh©¨Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv

Ø      e¨emv‡q AvMÖnx I AvZ¥Kg©ms¯’vbg~jK K‡g© wb‡qvwRZ bvix‡`i Rb¨ mnR k‡Z© Kg my‡` FY cÖ`vb Kiv n‡e Ges PvKwi‡Z bvix‡`i wb‡qvM I c‡`vbœwZ‡Z AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e

Ø      MÖvgxY GjvKvq miKvwi PvKwi‡Z wb‡qv‡Mi †¶‡Î MÖvgxY †hvM¨ bvix cÖv_©x‡`i AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e

Ø      †hŠZzK cÖ_v, GwmW wb‡¶c Ges bvix I wkï cvPvi †iv‡a K‡Vvi Kvh©¨Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      gvZ…g„Zz¨ I wkïg„Zz¨i nvi b~b¨Zg ch©¨vq bvwg‡q Avbv n‡e

Ø      wkï‡`i †Kvb ai‡bi ivR‰bwZK Kg©Kv‡Û m¤ú„³ Kiv n‡e bv

Ø      RvZxq msm`mn mKj ch©v‡q bvixiv hv‡Z AwaK nv‡i wbe©vwPZ n‡Z cv‡ib Zvi Dc‡hvMx cwi‡ek wbwðZ Kiv n‡e

†Uwj‡hvMv‡hvM

2001 mv‡j weGbwc wbe©vPbx A½xKvi Abyhvqx dvBevi AcwUK mve‡gwib †Kej ms‡hv‡Mi gva¨‡g evsjv‡`k GLb Bbd‡g©kb nvBI‡q‡Z †cuŠ‡Q †M‡Q| weGbwc I Pvi`jxq †RvU miKv‡ii 2001 mv‡j `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡Yi mg‡q †gvevBj †dv‡bi msL¨v wQj gvÎ 50 jvL| 2006 mv‡ji †k‡l GB msL¨v `vovq cÖvq wZb †KvwU| GiB avivevwnKZvq –

Ø                  †Uwj KwgDwb‡Kkb e¨e¯’v Av‡iv mnRjf¨, MÖvnK evÜe I m¤úÖmvwiZ Kiv n‡e

Ø                  B›Uvi‡bU mvwf©m mviv‡`‡k we¯Z…Z I myjf Kiv n‡e weÁvb I cÖhyw³

weÁvb I Bbd‡g©kb  †UKbjwR wel‡q wk¶v I M‡elYv‡K cÖvavb¨ †`qv n‡e| ¯‹zj, K‡jR, gv`ªvmv I BDwbfvwm©wU‡Z weÁvb I Bbd‡g©kb †UKjwR wk¶vi Kvh©µg m¤úÖmvwiZ I DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e| GB j‡¶¨ –

Ø      weÁvb I Bbd‡g©kb †UKbjwR wel‡q wk¶v I M‡elYv Kg©m~wP †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e Ges mKj wk¶v cÖwZôv‡b ch©¨vqµ‡g Kw¤úDUvi wk¶v eva¨Zvg~jK Kiv n‡e

Ø      †`‡ki wewfbœ ¯’v‡b AvBwU cvK© Ges GWy‡Kkb cvK© M‡o Zy‡j Ávb weKv‡ki I †`‡k we‡`‡k Kg©ms¯’v‡bi my‡hvM evov‡bv n‡e Pvi`jxq †RvU miKv‡ii Avg‡j MªvgxY GjvKvq weï× cvwb mieivn I ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z cqte¨e¯’v cÖeZ©‡bi Ici we‡kl Myi“Z¡v‡ivc Kiv n‡qwQj| d‡j GLb kZKiv beŸB fvM Mªvgevmx weï× cvwb †L‡Z cvi‡Qb Ges cÖvq mK‡jB Aí Li‡P ˆZix ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z cqte¨e¯’v e¨env‡ii my‡hvM †c‡q‡Qb| G e¨vcv‡i evsjv‡`k h_vmg‡qi Av‡MB mnmªvã Dbœqb j¶¨gvÎv AR©b K‡i‡Q| AvMvgx wbe©vP‡bi ci ¶gZvq †M‡j weGbwc miKvi GB avivevwnKZv eRvq ivL‡e | Ges

Ø      RvZxq cvwb bxwZi cÖ‡qvRbxq ms¯‹vi I ms‡kvab K‡i †`‡ki mKj bvMwiK‡`i Rb¨ Av‡m©wbK gy³ weï× cvwbi ms¯’vb Kiv n‡e

Ø                  Rb¯^v¯’¨ wefvM I GbwRI‡`i mvnv‡h¨ mviv †`‡k cÖ‡qvRbxq msL¨K Av‡m©wbK wbivc` wUDeI‡qj mieivn Kiv n‡e

grm m¤ú` Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ –

Ø      †`‡ki mKj e× Rjvkq, nvIi-evIi, b`x bvjv, Lvj wej ms¯‹vi K‡i grm m¤ú` Dbœq‡bi Ges cÖK…Z grmRxwe‡`i‡K Rjgnvj eiv‡Ïi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      mgy‡`ª grm wkKvi I †`‡ki cÖ‡qvRb wgwU‡q Zv we‡`‡k  ißvbx Kivi D‡`¨vM DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e

f~wgi m‡e©v”P I h_vh_ e¨envi wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ ivó« cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡j f~wg e¨e¯’vcbvi cÖ‡qvRbxq cwieZ©b mvab K‡i –

Ø      miKvix LvmRwg weZi‡Y f~wgnxb, weËnxb, ew¯—evmx I Avkªqnxb‡`i AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e|

Ø      bZyb wkí cÖwZôvq cyivZb I  eÜ wk‡íi f~wg e¨env‡i DrmvwnZ K‡i K…wl f~wgi Dci  †_‡K Pvc Kgv‡bv n‡e

Ø      mgy`ª ZxieZx© Rjvf~wg Ges bZyb †R‡M DVv Piv†j A_©Kix dmj Drcv`‡b Drmvn †`qv n‡e

Ø      moK I Rbc‡_i `yB cv‡ki miKvix f~wg h_vm¤¢e A_©‰bwZK fv‡e e¨envi Kivi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e Ges G‡¶‡Î cvk¦©eZx© GjvKvq emevmKvix `yt¯’ gyw³‡hv×v I ¯’vbxq f~wgnxb e¨w³‡`i AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e| MÖvgxY RbM‡bi `¶Zv I mxwgZ m¤ú‡`i m‡e©v”P I m‡e©vËg e¨envi wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ mgevq c×wZ‡K DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e| GB j‡¶¨-

Ø      MªvgxY RbM‡Yi Av_© mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi Dbœqb I Zv‡`i `vwi`ª we‡gvP‡bi j‡¶¨ mgevq‡K Av‡›`vjb wn‡m‡e M‡o †Zvjv n‡e

Ø      K…lK mgevq, kªwgK mgevq, ¶z`ª Pvlx I AbMÖmi †ckvRxwe mgevq‡K DrmvwnZ K‡i Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRbxq  cÖwk¶Y, FY mnvqZv Ges Ab¨vb¨ mn‡hvMxZv †`qv n‡e| Gi d‡j Zviv Zv‡`i `¶Zv I mxwgZ m¤ú` Kv‡R jvwM‡q wb‡R‡`i I †`‡ki Dbœq‡b Ae`vb ivL‡Z cvi‡eb|

Ø      K…wl cY¨ Drcv`K mgevq Ges †fv³v mgevq‡K mgwš^Z Kvh©¨µ‡g mnvqZv Kiv n‡e hv‡Z K…lK Drcvw`Z c‡Y¨i b¨vh¨g~j¨ cvq I †fv³v‡`i A‡hŠw³K AwaKg~‡j¨ cY¨ wKb‡Z bv nq Ges ga¨¯^Z¡‡fvMx‡`i †`ŠivZ¥ eÜ nq cwi‡ek i¶vq weGbwc I Pvi`jxq †RvU miKvi Zv‡`i kvmb Avg‡j cwjw_b e¨v‡Mi e¨envi Ges `yB †÷«vK †eex‡U·x wbwl×KiY, mviv †`‡k e„¶†ivcY I ebvqb Kg©m~wP ev¯—evq‡b mdj n‡qwQj| weGbwc miKvi MVb Ki‡j †h me Kg©m~wP †b‡e Zvi g‡a¨ _vK‡e –

Ø      e„¶ wbab, wbwe©Pv‡i cvnvo KvUv I B‡Ui fvUvq R¡vjvwb wn‡m‡e Kv‡Vi e¨envi Ges cvwb, evqy I kã`~lY †iva Kivi Kvh©Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø                  AwaK nv‡i e„¶ †ivcY I DcK~j GjvKvq meyR †eówb m¤úÖmvwiZ K‡i cwi‡ek Dbœqb Ges `y‡h©vM cÖwZ‡iv‡ai D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e knx` †cÖwm‡W›U wRqvDi ingvb †`‡ki hyekw³‡K Drcv`bkxj Kg©Kv‡Û wb‡qv‡Mi j‡¶¨ hye gš¿bvjq MVb K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi cÖewZ©Z bxwZ AbymiY K‡i-

Ø      RvZxq Dbœq‡b hye‡kªYx‡K m¤ú„³ Kivi Rb¨ cwiKwíZ D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e

Ø      †eKvi hye kw³‡K ‡`‡k  Drcv`bkxj Kg©Kv‡Û Ges we‡`‡k Kg©ms¯’v‡b m¶g Ki‡Z  cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖwk¶Y, FY mnvqZv I Ab¨vb¨ my‡hvM myweav †`qv n‡e

Ø      gv`Kvkw³i Awfkvc I mgvRwi‡evax Kg©KvÛ †_‡K Zv‡`i i¶v Kivi Rb¨ we‡kl Kg©m~wP MÖnY Kiv n‡eDrcv`b I Dbœq‡bi ivRbxwZ‡Z wek¦vmx weGbwc †`‡ki wkí, evwYR¨ I mvwf©‡m Drcv`bkxjZv e„w×i j‡¶¨ myôz I DbœZ kªwgK – gvwjK m¤úK© M‡o †Zvjvi D‡`¨vM †b‡e Ges GB j‡¶¨-

Ø      cÖPwjZ kªgAvBb‡K MYZvwš¿K I hy‡Mvc‡hvMx K‡i Zvi ev¯—evqb wbwðZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      miKvix Kg©KZ©v, Kg©Pvix I kªwg‡Ki RxebhvÎvi gvb Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ †eZb I gRyix Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e

Ø      e¨w³Lv‡Zi kªwg‡Kiv hv‡Z b¨vh¨ gRyix mgq gZ cvq Zvi AvBbvbyM e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      wkïkªg – we‡kl K‡i SzuwKc~Y© wkïkªg wbim‡b Kvh©¨Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      mK‡ji Rb¨ wbivc` Kg©‡¶Î Ges bvix kªwgK‡`i Rb¨ †kvfb Kg©cwi‡ek I mgvb Kv‡R mgvb gRyix wbwðZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      Drcv`bkxjZv e„w×i Rb¨ gvwjK – kªwgK‡`i DbœZ cÖwk¶‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e Ges ewשZ Drcv`bkxjZvi d‡j AwR©Z gybvdvi b¨vh¨ Ask †hb kªwg‡KivI cvq Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e †`‡ki A_©‰bwZK Dbœq‡b cÖevmx kªwgK‡`i wekvj Ae`v‡bi ¯^xK…wZ wnmv‡e weMZ weGbwc miKvi cÖevmx Kj¨vY gš¿Yvjq MVb K‡iwQj| AvMvgx‡Z Ggš¿Yvjq‡K AviI Kvh©¨Ki K‡i-

Ø      evsjv‡`kx bvMwiKMY hv‡Z Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ we‡`‡k hvIqvi Av‡M, we‡`‡k Ae¯’vbKv‡j, †divi mgq wegvb e›`‡i Ges †`‡k wd‡i Zv‡`i mÂq I AwfÁZv Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi †¶‡Î †Kvbfv‡eB cÖZvwiZ, wbh©vwZZ wK¤^v nqivbxi wkKvi bv nb – Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      we‡`‡k evsjv‡`‡ki `~Zvevmmg~n hv‡Z cÖevmx‡`i Kj¨v‡Y h_v‡hvM¨ f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i – Zvi wbðqZv weavb Kiv n‡e

Ø      miKvix Rwg, c­U, †`vKvb BZ¨vw` eiv‡Ï cÖevmx evsjv‡`kx‡`i Rb¨ Ges †`‡ki ¯‹zj, K‡jR, wek¦we`¨vj‡q fwZ©i †¶‡Î cÖevmx‡`i mš—vb‡`i Rb¨ wbw`©ó †KvUv eiv‡Ïi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

Ø      cÖevmx evsjv‡`kx‡`i †fvUvi Kivi e¨e¯’v wb‡q †`k cwiPvjbvq Zv‡`i mwµq AskMÖnY wbwðZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      RvZxq Dbœqb cÖqv‡m cÖevmx evsjv‡`kx‡`i gZvgZ I civgk© MÖnY Kiv n‡e

 MZ 2eQ‡i gvbevwaKvi gvivZ¥Kfv‡e jswNZ n‡q‡Q| Ggb cwiw¯’wZ cybive„wË †iv‡ai j‡¶¨-

Ø      gvbevwaKvi m¤úwK©Z RvwZ ms‡Ni mve©Rbxb †Nvlbv ev¯Íevqb Kiv n‡e

Ø      bvMwiK, ivR‰bwZK I mvgvwRK AwaKvi m¤úwK©Z mKj Avš—R©vwZK mb` ev¯—evq‡bi cÖ‡Póv †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e|

Ø      gvbevwaKvi Kwgkb‡K myôzfv‡e KvR Kivi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv n‡e|

Ø      we‡kl ¶gZv AvBb, 1974 evwZj Kiv n‡e|

hy×vnZ I `yt¯’ gyw³‡hv×v, `wi`ª I wbt¯^ bvix-cyi“l-wkï Ges Amnvq cÖexY bvMwiK‡`i Rb¨ ch©¨vqµ‡g GKwU Kvh©Ki mvgvwRK wbivcËv †eóbx M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| GB j‡¶¨-

Ø      `vwi`ª Rb‡Mvôxi ¯^v¯’¨‡mev wbwðZ Ki‡Z ch©¨vqµ‡g mK‡ji Rb¨ ¯^v¯’¨ exgv Pvjy Kiv n‡e

Ø      hv‡`i Rxeb avi‡bi Dc‡hvMx †Kv‡bv Kv‡Ri e¨e¯’v Kiv hv‡e bv – Zv‡`i Rb¨ ch©¨vqµ‡g †eKvi fvZv Pvjy Kiv n‡e

Ø      MÖv‡gi `yt¯’ gwnjv‡`i Rb¨ wfwRwW cÖKí I Kv‡Ri wewbg‡q Lv`¨ wK¤^v A_© cÖ`v‡bi Kg©m~Px †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e

Ø      cÖexY evÜe bxwZgvjv cÖYqb I Kvh©¨Ki K‡i †`‡ki cÖvq 1 †KvwU cÖexY Amnvq bvix-cyiæ‡li Rxe‡bi †kl w`b¸wj hv‡Z kvwš—, gh©¨v`v I wbivcËvq Kv‡U Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

Ø      hy×vnZ I `yt¯’ gyw³‡hv×v, cÖexY I `yt¯’ gvbyl Ges mnvqnxb weaev‡`i fvZv e„w× Kiv n‡e|

mv¤úÖ`vwqK m¤úÖxwZ MfxiZi Kiv Ges mKj ag©-e‡Y©i gvby‡li mgvb AwaKvi wbôvi mv‡_ i¶vi bxwZ‡Z AwePj †_‡K-

Ø      RvwZ ag© wbwe©‡k‡l mKj bvMwi‡Ki msweavb cÖ`Ë ag©-K‡g©i AwaKvi I me m¤úÖ`v‡qi gvby‡li Rxeb, m¤£g I m¤ú‡`i c~Y© wbivcZ¡v weavb Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  mv¤úÖ`vqK m¤úÖxwZ web‡ói mKj Ac‡Póv K‡Vvifv‡e `gb Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  AbMÖmi cvnvox I DcRvZxq RbM‡bi mvs¯‹…wZK ˆewkó i¶v, PvKzix I wk¶v †¶‡Î mKj myweav m¤úÖmvib Ges cve©Z¨ A‡j Dbœqb Kvh©¨µg †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  Zdmxwj m¤úÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ cÖewZ©Z Dce„wË Kvh©¨µg evov‡bv n‡e|

Ø                  †`‡ki cve©Z¨ †Rjv¸‡jv Ges Ab¨vb¨ ¯’v‡b emevmiZ DcRvZxq I Avw`evmxMY hv‡Z Zv‡`i wbR¯^ fvlvq wk¶v jvf Ki‡Z cv‡ib Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e

evsjv‡`kx RvZxqZvev` Ges mvgvwRK I agx©q g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K ms¯‹…wZi myôz weKv‡ki Kv‡R weGbwc wbe©vwPZ n‡j AveviI Zrci _vK‡e| GB j‡¶¨ –

Ø      †`kxq ms¯‹„wZi DrKl©mvab Ges mvs¯‹„wZK Kg©Kv‡Û Drmvn I miKvwi c„ô‡cvlKZv cÖ`v‡bi gva¨‡g mKj cÖKvi Acms¯‹„wZ †iva Kiv n‡e|

Ø      wkíx – mvwnwZ¨K I ms¯‹„wZ‡mex‡`i cÖwZfv weKv‡ki Rb¨ Kvh©Ki my‡hvM m„wó Kiv n‡e

 

Ø      evsjv fvlv, mvwnZ¨ I ms¯‹…wZ weKv‡ki Rb¨ evsjv GKv‡Wwg I evsjv‡`k wkíKjv GKv‡Wwgi Kg©KvÛ AviI m¤úÖmvwiZ Kiv n‡e|

Ø      cvnvwo DcRvZxq I Avw`evmx RbM‡Yi ms¯‹…wZ‡K DrmvwnZ Kivi j‡¶¨ Avw`evmx ms¯‹…wZ †K›`ª I GKv‡Wwg¸‡jvi Av‡iv DbœwZ Kiv n‡e|

cÖZ¨vkv Abyhvqx evsjv‡`‡k ch©Ub wkí weKvk jvf K‡iwb| A_P ch©Ub wk‡íi weKvk evsjv‡`‡ki A_©bxwZ‡Z eo Ae`vb ivL‡Z cv‡i| weGbwc wbe©vwPZ n‡j ch©Ub wk‡íi weKv‡ki †`k we‡`‡ki bvMwiK‡`i evsjv‡`‡k ch©U‡b DrmvwnZ Kivi j‡¶¨ –

Ø      wewfbœ a‡g©i I m¤úÖ`v‡qi ag©xq c~Y¨¯’vb¸‡jvi h_vh_ i¶Yv‡e¶Y, cwiPvjbv e¨e¯’vi Dbœqb Ges c~Y¨v_©x‡`i Rb¨ md‡ii my‡hvM myweav e„w× Kiv n‡e|

Ø      e¸ovq gnv¯’vbMo, Kzwóqvq jvj‡bi gvRvi, kvnRv`cyi I wkjvB`‡n KzwVevwo, w`bvRcy‡i Kvš—Rxi gw›`i I ivgmvMi, Kzwgj­vi jvjgvB I gqbvgwZ  Ges h‡kv‡ii mvMi`vwo‡Z Aí Li‡P mvs¯‹„wZK U¨y‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

Ø      wm‡j‡U nhiZ kvnRvjvj (in:) Gi `iMvn kixd mn Ab¨vb¨ Awj AvDwjqv‡`i `iMvn kixd I ¯§„wZ¯’vb mg~n‡K h_vh_ fv‡e i¶Yv‡e¶b Kiv n‡e Ges †`k we‡`‡ki gymjgvb‡`i Rb¨ Gme c~Y¨¯’vb md‡ii Kv‡Q Dc¯’vwcZ Kiv n‡e|

Ø      iv½vgvwU, LvMovQwo, ev›`ievb, Rvdjs, K·evRvi mgy`ª Zxi, KzqvKvUv I †mB›U gvwU©bm Øx‡ci cÖvK…wZK †mŠ›`h© A¶zbœ ivLvi Aí Li‡P c¨v‡KR Uy¨‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

Ø                  †`kx, we‡`kx I cÖevmx evsjv‡`kx D‡`¨v³vMY‡K AvK…ó K‡i ch©UbLv‡Z ch©vß wewb‡qv‡Mi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

AvMvgx 2020 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †hb †Ljvayjvi K‡qKwU †¶‡Î evsjv‡`k †gvUvgywU GKUv MÖnY‡hvM¨ ¯’vb K‡i wb‡Z cv‡i A_ev Aš—Ztc‡¶ AvÂwjK †kªôZ¡ AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡i †m j‡¶¨-

Ø                  †`‡ki myweavRbK ¯’v‡b AvaywbK cÖhyw³ wbf©i wZbwU µxov GKv‡Wwg cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e

Ø                  gvwë †Mgm B‡f›U †hgb : mvD_ Gwkqvb †Mgm, Gwkqvb †Mgm, KgbI‡qj_ †Mgm Ges Awjw¤úK †Mg‡m m¤§vbRbK AskMÖn‡Yi j‡¶¨ ivRavbxi Kv‡Q GKwU AvaywbK RvZxq Awjw¤úK GKv‡Wwg cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e|

Ø      wgicy‡ii myBwgs Kg‡c­· I ¸jkv‡bi ïwUs Kg‡c­·‡K Avš—R©vwZK gv‡bi †UªBwbs †m›Uv‡i DbœxZ Kivi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e|

Ø      ¯‹zj ch©v‡q †¯úvU©m miÄvg myjf Kivi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e Ges †mLv‡b hv‡Z wbqwgZ µxovPP©v nq Zvi e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

wcÖq mvsevw`K eÜyMY,

`ª“Z cwieZ©bkxj wek¦ e¨e¯’vq wbZ¨ bZzb P¨v‡jÄ †gvKv‡ejvq †`‡ki wewfbœ †kÖYx †ckvq AwfÁ, we`¨vb, eyw×gvb I m‡PZb RbM‡Yi civgk©µ‡g Avgiv cÖ‡qvR‡b Avgv‡`i Kg©m‚Px‡Z cÖ‡qvRbxq Dbœqb mva‡b cÖ¯—yZ _vKe|

Avgiv Avš—wiKfv‡e wek¦vm Kwi †h, `jgZ wbwe©‡k‡l mKj †`k‡cÖwgK gvbylB †`k I RbM‡Yi Kj¨vY Pvb| Avgiv Avgv‡`i Kg©m‚Px ev¯—evq‡b ‡`‡ki mKj ivR‰bwZK `jmn mKj †kªYx †ckvi gvby‡li mwµq mn‡hvwMZv Kvgbv Kwi| bvbv mgm¨vq RR©wiZ GK wekvj Rb‡Mvôxi Avevm¯’j Avgv‡`i wcÖq gvZ…f‚wgi me mgm¨vi mgvavb †Kvb GKK e¨w³, `j wK¤^v †Rv‡Ui c‡¶ m¤¢e bq| Avgv‡`i mK‡ji mw¤§wjZ cÖqvm w`‡qB ïay Avgiv †`kevmx‡K myL I mg„w× Dcnvi w`‡Z cvie BbkvAvj­vn|

AvR‡Ki GB we‡kl w`‡b Avcbv‡`i gva¨‡g †NvlYv KiwQ †h, Avj­vni †g‡nievYx‡Z RbM‡bi mg_©‡b †`k cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡j Avgiv-

Ø      RvZxq ¯^v_© mswk­ó mKj wel‡q msm` I msm‡`i evB‡i Av‡jvPbv K‡i HK¨g‡Zi wfwˇZ wm×vš— †bqvi D‡`¨vM †b‡ev

Ø      RvZxq msm`‡K AwaKZi Kvh©¨Ki Kivi j‡¶¨ msm‡` we‡ivax `j †_‡K †WcywU ¯úxKvi wbe©vwPZ Ki‡ev

Ø      msm‡`i wØZxq Awa‡ek‡bi g‡a¨B msm`xq ¯’vqx KwgwU¸‡jv MVb Kiv n‡e| ¯’vqx KwgwUi †Pqvig¨vb c‡` we‡ivax `‡ji msm` m`m¨‡`i‡KI g‡bvbxZ Kiv n‡e

Ø      msm` Awa‡ekb eR©b ev eqKU Kivi cÖeYZv †iv‡ai j‡¶¨ mg‡SvZvi cwi‡ek m„wói Rb¨ K‡qKwU wel‡q HK¨gZ¨ m„wó Kivi †Póv Kiv n‡e-

§         mKj msm` m`m¨, msm‡`i Kvh©¨cÖYvjx wewa h_vh_fv‡e †g‡b Pj‡eb

§         cÖqvZ †Kvb RvZxq †bZvi cÖwZ †Kvb msm` m`m¨ A‡mŠRb¨ wK¤^v gvbnvwbKi e³e¨ †`‡eb bv

§         msm‡`i AbygwZ Qvov GKvw`µ‡g 30 w`‡bi †ekx †Kvb msm` m`m¨ msm‡` Abycw¯’Z _vK‡Z cvi‡eb bv

Ø      wbe©vPb Kwgkb, `‚b©xwZ `gb Kwgkb, cvewjK mvwf©m Kwgkb I wek¦we`¨vjq gÄyix Kwgk‡b kxl© e¨vw³‡`i wb‡qvM c×wZ cÖ¯—v‡ei Rb¨ GKwU me©`jxq msm`xq KwgwU MVb Kiv n‡e Ges Zv‡`i civgk©µ‡g cÖvmw½K c×wZ wb×v©iY Kiv n‡e – hv‡Z fwel¨‡Z KLbI GBme c‡` wbhy³MY‡K wb‡q †Kvb weZ‡K©i AeKvk bv _v‡K|

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Election Manifesto of JSD-2008

Posted: ডিসেম্বর 19, 2008 in Election Manifesto-2008

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RvZxq mgvRZvwš¿K `j-Rvm` Gi

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cwieZ©‡bi cÖ‡Póv Effort for Change

 

 

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Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j miKv‡ii wfZ‡i  kªwgK-Kg©Pvix-K…lK-bvixi c‡¶ fvimvg¨ m„wó, miKv‡ii bxwZ wba©vi‡Y RbAvKvsLvi cÖwZdjb NUv‡bv, we‡kl K‡i kªwgK-Kg©Pvix-K…lK-K…wl kªwgK-kªgRxexÑKg©Rxex-†ckvRxex-†gnbwZ gvbyl-K…wl I wk‡í †`kxq D‡`¨v³v I wewb‡qvMKvix-bvix-agx©q I RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy, Avw`evmx mn mgv‡Ri †kvwlZ ewÂZ wcwQ‡q cov Rb‡Mvôxi ¯^v_© i¶v Kiv, miKvi‡K RbM‡Yi cÖwZ ms‡e`bkxj I MYgyLx ivLvi Rb¨ mve©¶wYK cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      `ªe¨g~j¨ wbqš¿Y, Lv`¨ wbivcËv, `wi`ª I ¯^í Av‡qi gvbyl euvPv‡Z ivóªxq mg_©b

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j miKv‡ii wfZ‡i cÖ_g w`b †_‡KB m‡e©v”P RvZxq AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ evRv‡ii Ici RbM‡Yi fvM¨ †Q‡o bv w`‡q gvbyl euvPv‡Z wbZ¨cÖ‡qvRbxq `ªe¨g~j¨ I Rxebhvcb e¨‡qi jvMvgnxb Da©MwZ wbqš¿Y Ki‡Z mycwiKwíZfv‡e ivóªxq n¯Í‡¶c, wbZ¨cÖqvRbxq `ªe¨ mg~‡ni Pvwn`v I gRy‡`i cwigvY mve©¶wYK bRi`vix I wbiƒcY K‡i ïaygvÎ e¨emvqx‡`i Ici wbf©ikxj bv †_‡K ivóªxq D‡`¨v‡M Pvwn`v gZ we‡`k †_‡K Avg`vbx I Avf¨šÍixY evRvi †_‡K msMÖn K‡i Lv`¨ wbivcËv M‡o †Zvjvi Rb¨ cÖ_g ev‡R‡UB eivÏ Kiv, wUwmwe‡K mwµq Kiv, MÖvg I kn‡i kªwgK-Kg©Pvix-K…wl kªwgK-wb¤§ Av‡qi gvbyl-ew¯Íevmx‡`i Rb¨ †ikwbs e¨e¯’v Pvjy, wfwRGd KvW©avixi msL¨v e„w×, eq¯‹ I `y¯’ bvix‡`i Rb¨ fvZvi msL¨v I cwigvY e„w×, †U÷ wiwjd I Kv‡Ri wewbg‡q Lv`¨ Kg©m~wP m¤cÖmvwiZ Kiv, K…wl Drcv`b wbiwew”Qbœ ivLv I e„w×i Rb¨ Pvwn`v gZ mvi-exR-wW‡Rj mn cÖ‡qvRbxq K…wl DcKiY mievin wbwðZ Ki‡Z cÖ_g ev‡R‡UB cÖ‡qvRbxq eivÏ ivLv, weGwWwm‡K mwµq Kivi Rb¨ me©vZ¥K cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      we`y¨r Drcv`b e„w× I R¡vjvwb wbivcËv

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ ev¯Í‡evwPZ m¤¢ve¨ mKj Dcvq‡K Kv‡R jvwM‡q we`y¨r Drcv`b e„w×, cvigvbweK we`y¨r Drcv`b I AvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZvi wfwˇZ Rjwe`y¨r Drcv`b cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e| RvZxq m¤ú` M¨vm-Kqjvi e¨envi I we`y¨r Drcv`b wb‡q GKwU mgwš^Z R¡vjvwb wbivcËv bxwZ MÖnY I ev¯Íevqb Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejv

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j `ybx©wZ `gb Kwgkb‡K †jvKej I cÖwk¶Y w`‡q kw³kvjx I ¯^vaxb Kiv| ivóªcwZ, cÖavbgš¿x, gš¿x, msm` m`m¨ †_‡K ïi“ K‡i ivR‰bwZK `‡ji kxl© ch©v‡qi †bZv-†bÎx, mwPe, miKvix Awa`ßi-cwi`ßi-wefvM-†m±i K‡c©v‡ik‡bi cÖavb †_‡K ïi“ K‡i kxl© ch©v‡qi miKvix Kg©KZ©v, mgv‡Ri Ab¨vb¨ †¶‡Îi ¶gZvevb‡`i Avq-e¨q Ges m¤ú‡`i weeiYx cÖwZ eQi cÖKvk Kiv, ¶gZvi Ace¨envi I `yb©xwZi †¶Î I Drm¸‡jv wPwýZ K‡i †m mKj †¶‡Î we‡kl bRi`vixi e¨e¯’v Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      R½xev` `gb

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j R½xev` I R½xev`x †bUIqvK© mg~n aŸsm K‡i RvZxq wbivcËv I RbwbivcËv wbwðZ Ki‡Z AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ ivóªxq c`‡¶c MÖnY Ges R½xev` we‡ivax AvšÍR©vwZK I AvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZv †Rvi`vi Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      ¯^”QZv I Revew`wnZv, mykvmb I AvB‡bi kvmb

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j miKv‡ii ¯^”QZv I Revew`wnZv wbwðZ Ki‡Z miKvi‡K mKj wel‡q msm‡`i Kv‡Q Revew`wni e¨e¯’v wbwðZ Kiv, msm‡`i cÖ_g Awa‡ek‡bB msm`xq KwgwU mg~n MVb Ges msm`xq KwgwU mg~‡ni cÖKvk¨ MYïbvbxi e¨e¯’v Pvjy Kiv, 70 aviv ms‡kvab K‡i msm` m`m¨‡`i ¯^vaxb f~wgKv wbwðZ Kiv, Z_¨ AwaKvi AvBb ev¯Íevq‡bi gva¨‡g ivóªxq bxwZ wba©viY I ev¯Íevq‡bi mKj wel‡q RbM‡Yi Rvbvi AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv, msweavb I AvBb Abyhvqx cÖRvZ‡š¿i mKj ch©v‡qi Kg©KZ©v I Kg©Pvix‡`i wbi‡c¶ f~wgKv cvj‡bi cwi‡ek m„wó Ges cÖkvm‡bi wbi‡c¶Zv I Kvh©KvwiZv  wbwðZ Kiv, hZ ¶gZvevbB †nvK bv †Kb KvD‡KB AvB‡bi D‡a© IVvi my‡hvM eÜ Kiv Ges mKj gvby‡li AwaKvi i¶v ev AwaKvi Le© n‡j cÖwZKvi cvevi e¨e¯’v K‡i AvB‡bi kvmb mywbwðZ Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      AvBb-k„sLjv

AvBb k„•Ljv i¶vq cywjk mn mKj AvBb cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’v‡K msweavb I AvBb Abyhvqx cwiPvjbv Kiv, ¯^vaxbfv‡e KvR Ki‡Z †`qv, G mKj ms¯’vi `¶Zv I Kvh©KvwiZv e„w× Kiv, †dŠR`vwi Awf‡hv‡Mi Z`š— I cÖwmwKDkb c„_K Kiv, cywjk wefvM ms¯‹vi-cybM©Vb-k„sLjv cÖwZôv I Kvh©Ki Kivi Rb¨ cywjk Kwgkb MVb Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      ¯’vbxq miKvi kw³kvjxKiY

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j †NvwlZ Zdwmj Abyhvqx Dc‡Rjv wbe©vPb Abyôvb mywbwðZ Kiv, †Rjv cwil‡`i wbe©vPb Abyôv‡bi Rb¨ miKv‡ii Zid †_‡K wbe©vPb Kwgkb‡K ZvwM` I mn‡hvwMZv cÖ`vb Kiv, ¯’vbxq miKv‡ii Ici ¯’vbxq miKvi gš¿Yvjq mn gš¿x, Ggwc, Avgjv‡`i mKj ai‡bi wbqš¿Y I Lei`vix eÜ K‡i ¯’vbxq miKvi Kwgk‡bi Ici ¯’vbxq miKvi mg~n‡K MwZkxj `vqe× I kw³kvjx Kivi mKj `vwqZ¡ Ac©‡Yi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      Zi“Y‡`i fwel¨Z wbg©vY

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j †`‡ki cÖwZwU Zi“‡Yi Rb¨ wbwðZ fwel¨Z Mo‡Z RvZxq I AvšÍR©vwZK evRv‡i cÖwZ‡hvwMZv Kivi gZ gvbm¤§Z wk¶vi my‡hvM wbwðZ, wk¶v †k‡l †`‡k I we‡`‡k Kg©ms¯’v‡bi †¶Î we¯—…Z Kiv, ¯^ D‡`¨v‡M Kg©ms¯’v‡bi †¶Î we¯—…Z Kiv hv‡Z K‡i cÖwZwU Zi“Y †hb †eKvi bv _v‡K Ges RvZxq DbœqY, mgvR I cwiev‡ii Rb¨ Ae`vb ivLvi my‡hvM wbwðZ nq|

ô      wk¶v

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j wk¶v e¨e¯’vi wbgœgvb-ˆbivR¨-wek„•Ljv-wech©q-msKU‡K RvZxq Ri“wi Ae¯’v wnmv‡e m‡e©v”P ¸i“Z¡ I AMÖvwaKvi cÖ`vb K‡i wk¶v e¨e¯’v cybi“×v‡i RvZxq Ri“wi c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv, RvZxq msm‡` Av‡jvPbv Ges wk¶vi mv‡_ m¤ú„³ wk¶K-M‡elK-we‡klÁ‡`i gZvgZ wb‡q RvZxq HKg‡Z¨i wfwˇZ Awej‡¤^ RvZxq wk¶vbxwZ cÖYqb Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e, hv‡Z K‡i miKvi e`‡ji mv‡_ mv‡_ wk¶v bxwZ e`‡ji cyivZb †bvsiv ivRbxwZi cybive„wË bv N‡U|

ô      hy×vciv‡ai wePvi

Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j 1971 mv‡j RvwZi Ici cwiPvwjZ hy×vciva-MYnZ¨v-MYal©‡Yi NUbvi Z`šÍ Ges hy×vcivax‡`i wPwýZ Kivi Rb¨ GKwU Kwgkb MVb Ges 1973 mv‡ji AvšÍR©vwZK hy×vciva AvBb Abyhvqx hy×vcivax‡`i wePv‡ii Rb¨ we‡kl UªvBey¨bvj MV‡bi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

RvZxq mgvRZvwš¿K `j-Rvm` miKvi MV‡b f~wgKv ivL‡j AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ D‡j­wLZ wel‡q bxwZwbô Ae¯’vb †_‡K miKv‡ii wfZ‡i bxwZ wba©viY I ev¯Íevq‡b me©vZ¥K cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e| Gi cvkvcvwk `j †_‡K wbe©vwPZ msm` m`m¨MY msm‡`i wfZ‡i avivevwnKfv‡e wb‡¤§i well¸‡jv‡ZI †mv”Pvi f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡e Ges ivóªxq bxwZ wba©vi‡Y f~wgKv ivLvi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e|

ô      ivóªxq g~j bxwZ AbymiY

miKvi cwiPvjbvi mKj †¶‡Î gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv Z_v 1972 mv‡ji msweav‡b wea„Z g~j ivóªxq Pvi bxwZ MYZš¿, mgvRZš¿, ag©wbi‡c¶Zv I RvZxqZvev` AbymiY Kiv, Z_vKw_Z gy³ evRv‡ii nv‡Z †`k I RbM‡Yi fvM¨ †Q‡o bv w`‡q RvZxq ¯^v_© I RbM‡Yi ¯^v_©‡K cÖvavb¨ w`‡q ÔcwiKwíZ RvZxq A_©bxwZÕ Ges ÔmvgvwRK A_©bxwZÕ  AbymiY Kiv| †gŠwjK gvbevwaKvi we‡ivax mKj KvjvKvbyb evwZj Kiv|

ô      msm` I wbe©vPb c×wZ ms®‹vi

eZ©gvb GK K¶ wewkó msm‡`i e`‡j kªgRxex-Kg©Rxex-†ckvRxex-bvix-¶z`ª RvwZmË¡v-Avw`evmx-¯’vbxq miKv‡ii cÖwZwbwa wb‡q msm‡` D”P K¶ MVb K‡i wØK¶ wewkó msm`xq e¨e¯’v Pvjy| eZ©gvb msm` MV‡bi Rb¨ AÂj wfwËK cÖwZwbwa‡Z¡i e`‡j msL¨vbycvwZK c×wZ Pvjy|

ô      Kg©ms¯’vb

MÖvg-kni, wkw¶Z-wbi¶i, `¶-A`¶ wbwe©‡k‡l mKj Kg©¶g bvMwi‡Ki ZvwjKv cÖYqb I Zv‡`i †iwR‡óªkb KvW© cÖ`vb Kiv, cÖwZ cwiev‡i Kgc‡¶ GKR‡bi Rb¨ eQ‡i Aš—Z 100 w`‡bi wbðqZv mn Kv‡Ri e¨e¯’v Kiv| we‡`‡k Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ cÖwk¶Y I A_©vqb Kiv Ges we‡`‡k kªg evRvi m„wói Rb¨ we‡kl K‚U‰bwZK D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv| Kg©ms¯’vb Kwgkb MVb Kiv|

we‡`k †_‡K g~j¨evb ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv DcvR©bKvix cÖevmx‡`i Kg©¯’‡j AwaKvi I ghv©`v wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq K‚U‰bwZK D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv, cÖevmx‡`i †`‡k wewb‡qv‡Mi †¶‡Î we‡kl myweav cÖ`vb Kiv, cÖevmx‡`i †`‡k Avmv hvIqvi c‡_ e›`‡i Ges GjvKvq we‡kl gh©v`v I wbivcËv cÖ`vb Kiv|

ô      bvix mgv‡Ri Dbœqb

bvixi cÖwZ ˆelg¨gyjK mKj AvBb evwZj Kiv,  1997 mv‡ji bvix Dbœqb bxwZgvjv ev¯Íevqb Kiv, RvZxq msm‡` 33% fvM Avmb bvix‡`i Rb¨ msi¶Y I mivmwi wbe©vPb Abyôvb, ¯’vbxq miKvi ms¯’vq 33% fvM cÖwZwbwaZ¡ bvix‡`i Rb¨ msi¶Y, ivR‰bwZK `j, †UªW BDwbqb mn mKj cÖwZwbwaZ¡kxj ms¯’vq 33% fvM cÖwZwbwaZ¡ bvix‡`i Rb¨ msi¶Y, Kg©Rxex bvix‡`i Rb¨ m‡eZb 4 gvm gvZ…Z¡KvjxY QzwU, mg Kv‡R bvix-cyi“l mgvb gRyix Pvjy|

ô      agx©q, RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy I Avw`evmx‡`i AwaKvi

ag©xq I RvwZMZ Kvi‡Y bvMwiK‡`i g‡a¨ mKj ai‡Yi ˆel‡g¨i Aemvb Kiv, kΓ m¤úwË AvBb evwZj Kiv, cve©Z¨ PUªMÖvg kwšÍ Pzw³ cwic~Y© ev¯Íevqb Kiv, mgZ‡ji Avw`evmx I RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy‡`i f~wgi Ici HwZn¨evnx AwaKvi wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ j¨vÛ Kwgkb MVb, ¶z`ª RvwZmË¡vi mvsweavwbK ¯^xK…wZ cÖ`vb Kiv|

ô      agx©q ¯^vaxbZv I m¤cÖxwZ

mKj bvMwi‡Ki wbf©‡q kvwšÍ‡Z ag© cvj‡bi AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv| gmwR`-gw›`i-wMR©v-c¨v‡MvWv mn mKj ag©xq ¯’v‡b ivR‰bwZK Kg©KvÛ wbwl× K‡i ag©xq Dcmbvj‡qi cweÎZv I kvwšÍ wbwðZ Kiv, ag©‡K ivR‰bwZK nvwZqvi wnmv‡e e¨envi eÜ Kiv, mKj a‡g©i gvbyl‡`i g‡a¨ m¤cÖxwZ I kvwšÍc~Y© mn-Ae¯’vb eRvq ivLv| ag©wfwËK ivRbxwZ, mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv, d‡ZvqvevRx wbwl× Kiv|

ô      mvgwóK A_©bxwZ

RvZxq Drcvw`Kv kw³i weKvk RvZxq A_©bxwZi cÖavb j¶¨ wnmv‡e wba©viY Kiv| e¨w³-mgvR-evRvi-iv‡óªi mgš^q I cwiKíbvi AvIZvq KvVv‡gvMZ Ab¨vh¨Zv `~i Kivi `xN©‡gqv`x Kg©m~wPi wfwˇZ RvZxq gvwjKvbvq cÂevwl©K cwiKíbv cybivq Pvjy Kiv| we‡`kx FY I FYmnvqZv MÖnY I e¨envi, eivÏ I e¨q Ges my` I cwi‡kva wel‡q RvZxq Kwgkb MVb Kiv| RbMY‡K AewnZ bv K‡i Ges RvZxq msm‡` Av‡jvPbv bv K‡i evwYR¨ I wewb‡qvM wel‡q †Kvb Avš—R©vwZK Pzw³ bv Kiv| RvZxq A_©bxwZ‡Z ivóªvqË¡ Lv‡Zi Ae`vb‡K ¯^xK…wZ †`qv Ges ivóªvqË¡ wkí I †mevLvZ‡K `¶ I cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jKfv‡e cwiPvjbv Kiv| Aeva Avg`vbx bxwZ I Abyrcv`bkxj Lv‡Z e¨q K‡Vvifv‡e eÜ Kiv| AcÖvwZôvwbK †¶‡Îi A_©vqb, cÖhyw³ mnvqZv I AvaywbKvq‡bi Rb¨ Kwgkb MVb Kiv|

ô      e›`i I †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kvh©¶gZvi m¤cÖmviY I AvaywbKvqY Kiv, gsjv e›`i‡K mPj I m¤cÖmvwiZ Kiv, XvKv-PÆMÖvg gnvmoK †hvMv‡hvM m¤cÖmvwiZ I AvaywbK Kiv,  UªvÝ Gwkqvb moK †bUIqv‡K©i mv‡_ evsjv‡`k‡K hy³ Kiv, cÙv †mZz wbg©vY KvR ïi“ Kiv|

ô      K…wl I MÖvgxY A_©bxwZ

MÖvgxY A_©bxwZ, K…wl I AK…wl Lv‡Zi weKvk Ges Kg©ms¯’vb ˆZwii we‡kl ivóªxq D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv| ¶z`ª I gvSvwi K…lK‡`i evRvi AwfÁZv I Drcvw`Z c‡Y¨i b¨vh¨ g~j¨ wbwðZ Ki‡Z Zv‡`i ÔevRviRvZKiY mgevqÕ M‡o †Zvjvi j‡¶¨ Kvh©Ki bxwZ cÖYqb I m‡e©v”P cyuwR-cÖhyw³ mnvqZv †`qv| mvi-exR-wW‡Rj mn K…wl DcKiY I hš¿cvwZ b¨vh¨gy‡j¨ cÖvwß wbwðZ Kiv| †R‡j I K…lK‡`i ¯^v‡_© evRvi-nvU-gvV-NvU-nvIo-evIo-Lvj-wej-bvjv BRviv †`qv m¤ú~Y©fv‡e wbwl× Kiv| ¶z`ª I KzwUi wk‡í mnvqZv I evRvi cÖ‡ekvwaKv‡i Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM †bqv| mwâ-dj-dzj Ges †cvjwUª-†WBwi-wdkvix LvZ msi¶Yg~jK c`‡¶‡ci AvIZvq wb‡q Avmv Ges ißvwb‡Z mn‡hvwMZv Kiv| †gvU K…wl Drcv`‡bi g~‡j¨i 10% K…wl‡Z fZz©wK †`qv| K…wlcY¨ ißvwb‡Z 30% mnvqZv †`qv| cj­x e¨vsK cÖ_v Pvjy Kiv|

ô      RvZxq wkí

g¨vbyd¨vKPvwis mn ¶z`ª-gvSvwi I weKvkgvb wkí, K…wlwfwËK wkímn †`kR gvwjKvbv‡K e¨vcK msi¶Yg~jK c`‡¶‡ci AvIZvq wb‡q Avmv| Avg`vwb ïé evov‡bv Ges fwel¨‡Z Avg`vwb ïé Av‡iv evov‡bvi Rb¨ miKv‡ii ¯^vaxbZv eRvq ivL‡Z wek¦ evwYR¨ ms¯’vq Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM †bqv| †`kR gvwjKvbvi wkí msi¶‡Y FY I AeKvVv‡gv myweav Ges KuvPvgvj Avg`vwb‡Z myweav †`qv| we‡k¦i evRv‡i ïé I †KvUvgy³ cÖ‡ekvwaKvi wbwðZ Ki‡Z miKv‡ii Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM †bqv| Kg©ms¯’vb, Avf¨š—ixY cY¨ I †mevi e¨envi I e¨v‡jÝ Ae †c‡g›U †`‡ki AbyK~‡j ivLvi k‡Z© we‡`kx wewb‡qv‡Mi AbyK~j cwi‡ek ˆZwi Kiv| we‡`kx wewb‡qvM‡K  Avf¨š—ixY bRi`vwii AvIZvq wb‡q Avmv| †`kR †U·UvBj wk‡íi weKv‡k Ges Mv‡g©›Um Lv‡Zi AMÖ-cðv` wkí M‡o †Zvjvq mnvqZv †`qv, MÖvgxY ZuvZ wkí‡K ißvwbgyLx †cvkvK wk‡íi mv‡_ m¤ú„³ Kiv| wPwb I cvU wkí cybi“×vi Kiv| cvU Kwgkb MVb Kiv I ev‡R‡U we‡kl †_vK eivÏ †`qv| ¶z`ª I gvSvwi wk‡íi Rb¨ b~¨bZg 5000 †KvwU UvKvi wkívqb Znwej MVb Kiv Ges hZw`b weKí A_©vqb wbwðZ bv nq ZZ w`b Zv 10% nv‡i evov‡bv| wkí F‡Yi my‡`i nvi evsjv‡`k e¨vsK‡K †`q my‡`i nv‡ii 2%-Gi †ewk bv Kiv Ges †Kvbµ‡gB †gvU 8%-Gi †ewk bv Kiv|

ô      †mevLvZ

wk¶v-wPwKrmv-cvwbi g‡Zv †gŠwjK †mev LvZ †_‡K iv‡óªi nvZ ¸wU‡q †bqvi bxwZ cwinvi Kiv| evsjv‡`‡ki †mevLvZ‡K A_©bxwZi cÖavbZg, weKvkgvb I m¤¢vebvgq LvZ wn‡m‡e we‡kl ¸i“Z¡ cÖ`vb K‡i G‡K msi¶Yg~jK c`‡¶‡ci AvIZvq wb‡q Avmv| †mevLv‡Z AZxZ D`vixKi‡Yi g~j¨vqb bv K‡i wek¦ evwYR¨ ms¯’v I wek¦e¨vsK-AvBGgGd-Gi civg‡k© wbwe©Pvi D`vixKiY eÜ Kiv| ¯^í`¶ I Avav`¶ kªwg‡Ki wek¦e¨vcx Kv‡Ri AwaKvi wbwðZ Ki‡Z wek¦ evwYR¨ ms¯’vq Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM †bqv| weZiY, cvwb, wbg©vY, Z_¨cÖhyw³, †nv‡Uj †i÷z‡i›U, ch©Ub, ¯^v¯’¨, e›`i, M¨vm mn †cŠi‡mev I †gŠwjK cwi‡mev we‡`kx †Kv¤úvwbi Rb¨ †Kvbµ‡gB D`vi bv Kiv|

ô      kªwgK I bvix kªwgK

kni-MÖvg, K…wl-wkí-†mev, cÖvwZôvwbK-AcÖvwZôvwbK, bvix-cyi“l, miKvwi-†emiKvwi-Bwc‡RW wbwe©‡k‡l mKj †¶‡Îi kªwg‡Ki kªwgK wnmv‡e †iwR‡÷ªkb Kiv Ges †UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv, b~¨bZg RvZxq gRywi Pvjy Kiv| AcÖvwZôvwbK I K…wl‡¶‡Î kªg AvBb Pvjy Kiv| bvix kªwg‡Ki mg Kv‡R mg gRywi, gvZ…Z¡Kvjxb QzwU, wbivc` Kg©cwi‡ek wbwðZ Kiv|

ô      nZ`wi`ª, bMi `wi`ª I ew¯—evmx, MÖvgxY f~wgnxb I ev¯‘nviv

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ô      cÖwZeÜx‡`i AwaKvi

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ô      Rb¯^v¯’ I RbmsL¨v

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ô      f~wg e¨envi I e¨e¯’vcbv

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ô      cwi‡ek, cÖK…wZ I Rjevqy cwieZ©b

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ô      cvwb m¤ú`

b`-b`x, Lvj-wej, nvIo-evIo msi¶‡Y Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM †bqv| AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ cÙv eûgyLx eva, Kvjbx-Kzwkqviv cÖKí I DcK‚jxq eva cybe©vmb cÖKí Pvjy Kiv| fviZ †_‡K evsjv‡`‡ki g‡a¨ cÖevwnZ 54wU Avš—R©vwZK b`-b`xi cvwb cÖevn I eȇb evsjv‡`‡ki Askx`vwiZ¡ wbwðZ Kiv Ges fvi‡Zi Avš—tb`x ms‡hvM cÖKí I wUcvBgyL eva ¯’wMZ Ki‡Z K‚U‰bwZK D‡`¨vM †bqv mn `w¶Y wngvjq A‡j †hŠ_ cvwb m¤ú` e¨envi, cwi‡ek-cÖK…wZ i¶vq eûcvw¶K D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv|

ô      M¨vm-Kqjv mn RvZxq m¤ú`

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ô      RvZxq wbivcËv

RvZxq msm‡` Av‡jvPbv Ges wewfbœ ch©v‡qi RbM‡Yi AskMÖnY I Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g mgwš^Z RvZxq cÖwZi¶v bxwZ cÖYqb Kiv| 18 eQ‡ii D‡a© mKj bvMwiK‡K eva¨Zvg~jK mvgwiK cÖwk¶Y cÖ`vb Kiv|

ô      ciivóª bxwZ I Avš—Rv©wZK-AvÂwjK-DcAvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZv

RvZxq ¯^v_©, wbivcËv, gh©v`v I mve©‡fŠgZ¡ i¶v K‡i mKj †`‡ki mv‡_ mn‡hvwMZv I eÜz‡Z¡i m¤úK© M‡o †Zvjv| fvi‡Zi mv‡_ Sz‡j _vKv wØcvw¶K mgm¨vi mgvav‡b Kvh©Ki D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv| mvK© Kvh©Ki Kiv| Dcgnv‡`kxq †hŠ_ AvÂwjK wbivcËv-KvVv‡gv MV‡bi D‡`¨vM †bqv; GK †`k KZ©„K Ab¨ †`‡ki we¶zä Rb‡Mvôx‡K c„ô‡cvlKZv bv Kiv, AMÖhvÎvi c‡_ Sz‡j _vKv AZxZ‡K wehy³ Kiv I mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv eR©b Kiv| mgZv I gh©v`vi wfwˇZ Ges mvgwiK Kv‡R e¨envi bv Kivi k‡Z© Avš—R©vwZK weavb Abymv‡i eûcvw¶K †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v ci¯ú‡ii Rb¨ Db¥y³ Kiv| cvigvbweK cÖwZ‡hvwMZv eÜ Kiv| wek¦ evwYR¨ cwim‡i ¯^‡ívbœZ †`k¸‡jvi Awfbœ ¯^v‡_© †hŠ_ D‡`¨vM MÖnY I `iKlvKwl Kiv|

ô      gyw³hy× I gyw³‡hv×v

gyw³hy‡×i gxgvswmZ welq‡K AgxgvswmZ bv Kiv I HwZnvwmK mZ¨‡K weK…Z I A¯^xKvi bv Kiv, gyw³hy‡× hvi hv Ae`vb Zvi ¯^xK…wZ I m¤§vb cÖ`k©b Kiv, gyw³‡hv×v‡`i RvZxq ex‡ii gh©v`v mn ivóªxq, mvgvwRK, Avw_©K gh©v`v mywbwðZ Kiv, gyw³‡hv×v‡`i m¤§vwb fvZvi cwigvY e„w× Kiv, gyw³hy‡×i knx`-knx` cwievi-gyw³hy‡× ¶wZMÖ¯’ bvix‡`i ZvwjKv cÖYqb Kiv Ges Zv‡`i h_vh_ ivóªxq m¤§vb cÖ`vb Kiv|

wcÖq †`kevmx,

RvZxq mgvRZvwš¿K `j-Rvm` AvMvgx wbe©vP‡b D‡j­wLZ Bk‡Znvi I A½xKv‡ii cÖwZ Avcbv‡`i mg_©b cÖZ¨vkv Ki‡Q| RbM‡Yi †fv‡U Rvm` g‡bvbxZ cÖv_x©iv weRqx n‡j D‡j­wLZ Bk‡Znvi I A½xKv‡ii wfwˇZ miKv‡ii wfZ‡i I evB‡i, msm‡`i wfZ‡i I evB‡i bxwZwba©vi‡Y f~wgKv ivLvi Rb¨ cwieZ©‡bi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡e Ges HK¨ msMÖvg-HK¨ bxwZi wfwˇZ MYAv‡›`vjb M‡o Zzj‡e|

 

RvZxq mgvRZvwš¿K `j-Rvm`

35-36, e½eÜz GwfwbD, XvKv-1000|

†dvb+d¨v·: 9559972

15 wW‡m¤^i 2008

No primary school in 14 thousand villages

Posted: ডিসেম্বর 19, 2008 in Education

১৪ হাজার গ্রামে কোনো প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় নেই

 

 

ঢাকা, ডিসেম্বর ১১ (বিডিনিউজ টোয়েন্টিফোর ডটকম)- দেশের ১৪ হাজার ১৯৯টি গ্রামে কোনো প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় নেই। বেশ কয়েকবছর আগেই প্রাথমিক শিক্ষা বাধ্যতামূলক করা হলেও কমপক্ষে ১০ লাখ শিশু প্রাথমিক শিক্ষার সুযোগ থেকে বঞ্চিত হচ্ছে। প্রাথমিক গণশিক্ষা মন্ত্রণালয়ের মাঠ পর্যায়ের জরিপ থেকে এসব তথ্য পাওয়া গেছে। বৃহস্পতিবার সাংস্কৃতিক মন্ত্রণালয়ে প্রাথমিক গণশিক্ষা বিষয়ক উপদেষ্টা রাশেদা কে চৌধুরী সাংবাদিকদের জরিপের বিভিন্ন তথ্য জানান। উপদেষ্টা জানান, চলতি অর্থবছরের বাজেটে দুই হাজার গ্রামে শিক্ষা প্রতিষ্ঠান করার পরিকল্পনা রয়েছে। তবে এক অর্থবছরেই এই দুই হাজার গ্রামে প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় স্থাপন করা সম্ভব নয় বলে পর্যায়ক্রমে তা করা হবে। পাশাপাশি এনজিওগুলোকে এসব গ্রামে অগ্রাধিকার ভিত্তিতে প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় স্থাপনের অনুরোধ করা হবে বলেও জানান তিনি। রাশেদা কে চৌধুরী বলেন, “যেসব গ্রামে কমপক্ষে দুই হাজার বাসিন্দা আছে সেখানে প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় স্থাপন করার কথা। বিদ্যালয় নেই এমন ১৪ হাজার ১৯৯টি গ্রামের মধ্যে দুই হাজারেরও বেশি গ্রামের জনসংখ্যা দুই হাজারের বেশি। আমরা এই গ্রামগুলোয় অগ্রাধিকার ভিত্তিতে প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় স্থাপনের পরিকল্পনা নিয়েছি। উপদেষ্টা জানান, বাকি গ্রামগুলোতে জনসংখ্যা কম হওয়ায় উপানুষ্ঠানিক শিক্ষা কার্যক্রম শুরুর পরিকল্পনা নেওয়া হয়েছে। পিছিয়ে পড়া গ্রামগুলো চরাঞ্চল, চাবাগান, পাহাড়ি এবং আদিবাসী অধ্যুষিত এলাকায় অবস্থিত। শিক্ষকদের মান সম্পর্কে এক প্রশ্নের জবাবে উপদেষ্টা বলেন, “প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয়ে গণিত ইংরেজি শিক্ষকদের যোগ্যতা যাচাইয়ের ক্ষেত্রে টোফেল এর আদলে পরীক্ষা নেওয়া হবে। এতে যারা কৃতকার্য হবে তাদের বাড়তি বেতন দেওয়া হবে।মন্ত্রণালয়ের মাঠজরিপের তথ্যানুসারে, সারাদেশে ৫৩ হাজার ৮০১টি গ্রামে ৮০ হাজার ৪০০টি বিভিন্ন ধরনের প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয় রয়েছে। এর মধ্যে সরকারি প্রাথমিক বিদ্যালয়ের সংখ্যা ৩৭ হাজার ৭৩৫টি। বাকিগুলো সরকারি অনুদানভুক্ত বিভিন্ন প্রাথমিক শিক্ষা প্রতিষ্ঠান|

beg RvZxq msm` wbe©vPb

evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jx‡Mi Bk‡Znvi-2008

w`be`‡ji mb`

cUf~wg

gvZ…f~wg evsjv‡`k AvR GK hyMmwܶ‡Y| wÎk j¶ knx‡`i AvZ¥`v‡bi wewbg‡q AwR©Z evOvwj RvwZi me©‡kªô AR©b wcÖq ¯^vaxbZv| Avi GB ¯^vaxbZvi gnvbvqK me©Kv‡ji me©‡kªô evOvwj RvwZi RbK e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb| evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv msMÖvg I gyw³hy× †bZ…Z¡`v‡bi mygnvb †MŠi‡ei cÖZxK| e½eÜzi †bZ…‡Z¡ hy×weaŸ¯— †`k cybM©V‡bi `yiƒn KZ©e¨ m¤úv`b Ges fwel¨r cÖR‡b¥i Rb¨ DboeZ-mg„× evsjv‡`k M‡o †Zvjvi m~Pbv nq| wKš‘ 1975 mv‡ji 15

AvM÷ RvwZi RbK e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb‡K mcwiev‡i nZ¨vi †fZi w`‡q evsjv‡`k Avevi mvgwiK kvmb I ˆ¯^iZ‡š¿i avivq wd‡i hvq| GKB Lywbiv 3 b‡f¤^i †RjLvbvq nZ¨v K‡i Pvi RvZxq †bZv‡K| Gfv‡e gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv, ¯^vaxbZvi A½xKvi I GKwU Amv¤cÖ`vwqK MYZvwš¿K †kvlYgy³ myLx my›`i evsjv‡`k M‡o †Zvjvi mKj m¤¢vebv bm¨vr K‡i †`q mvgwiK miKvi I mvgwiK QvDwb‡Z Zv‡`i m„ó `jmg~n| msweavb KZ©b, ¯^vaxbZv-we‡ivax hy×vcivax, Rw½ev‡` wek¦vmx Rvgv‡Z Bmjvwg cÖf„wZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK kw³‡K cybe©vwmZ Kiv, ivRbxwZ‡Z `ye©„Ëvqb, mš¿vm, Kv‡jvUvKv I †ckxkw³i c„ô‡cvlKZvi cvkvcvwk M‡o †Zvjv nq jyUcv‡Ui A_©bxwZ| wKš‘ †`kevmx ZvÕ †g‡b †bqwb| RbM‡Yi exiZ¡c~Y© msMÖvg I AMwYZ knx‡`i AvZ¥`v‡bi wewbg‡q 1996 mv‡ji 12 Ry‡bi wbe©vP‡b `xN© 21 eQi ci e½eÜz Kb¨v †kL nvwmbvi †bZ…‡Z¡ evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM miKvi MVb K‡i|

AvIqvgx jx‡Mi †MŠi‡ev¾¡j mvdj¨ (1996-2001)

1996-2001 mvj ch©š— AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii cuvP eQ‡i m„wó n‡qwQj mvd‡j¨i †MŠi‡ev¾¡j BwZnvm| gvÎ cuvP eQ‡i evsjv‡`k Lv‡`¨ AvZ¥wbf©ikxjZv AR©b K‡i| `ªe¨g~j¨ RbM‡Yi μq- ¶gZvi g‡a¨ w¯’wZkxj _v‡K| g~j¨ùxwZi nvi 1.59 kZvs‡k †b‡g Av‡m| c¶vš—‡i cÖe„w×i nvi 6.2 kZvs‡k DboexZ nq| M½vi cvwb eÈb Pzw³, cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg kvwš—Pzw³, 21 †deª“qvwi Avš—R©vwZK gvZ…fvlv w`e‡mi gh©v`v AR©b, RvwZmsN wbivcËv cwil‡`i m`m¨c` jvf, wW-8 I wegm‡UK cÖf„wZ Dc-AvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZv †dvivg MVb Ges G‡mvwm‡qkb di Gwkqvb cvj©v‡g›Uvwiqvb di wcm (GGwcwc) MVb, Avš—R©vwZK A½‡b evsjv‡`k‡K bZzb gh©v`vi Avm‡b Awfwl³ K‡i| `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvP‡b bvbviKg D™¢vebx Kg©m~wP MÖn‡Yi d‡j `vwi`ª¨ n«v‡mi evwl©K Mo nvi 0.50 kZvsk †_‡K 1.50 kZvs‡k DboexZ nq Ges gvbe `vwi`ª¨ m~PK 41.6 †_‡K 32 kZvs‡k †b‡g Av‡m| gvbe Dboeqb m~P‡K RvwZms‡Ni 56 c‡q›U AR©b, mv¶iZvi nvi 65 kZvs‡k DboexZKiY, wk¶vbxwZ cÖYqb Ges wk¶v cÖwZôvb¸‡jv‡Z †mkbRU `~ixKiY wQj RvwZi AMÖMwZi cwiPvqK| we`y¨r I R¡vjvwb Lv‡Z AwR©Z nq we¯§qKi mvdj¨| gvÎ cuvP eQ‡i we`y¨r Drcv`b 4300 †gMvIqv‡U DboexZKiY, M¨vm Drcv`b e„w× I Avni‡Yi e¨e¯’v, hgybv b`x‡Z e½eÜz †mZzi wbg©vY KvR m¤úboe, 62 nvRvi wK‡jvwgUvi KuvPv-cvKv iv¯—v Ges 19 nvRvi †mZz I KvjfvU© wbg©vY cÖf„wZi gva¨‡g GKwU wbf©i‡hvM¨ †fŠZ AeKvVv‡gvi wfwË iwPZ nq| Af¨š—ixY mÂq cuvP eQ‡i RvZxq Av‡qi 14.7 kZvsk †_‡K †e‡o 18 kZvs‡k Ges wewb‡qv‡Mi nvi 20 kZvsk †_‡K 23.1 kZvs‡k DboexZ nq| AvIqvgx jx‡Mi cuvP eQ‡i †`‡k †QvU-eo cÖvq 1 jvL 22 nvRvi wkí-KviLvbv ¯’vwcZ nq| †emiKvwi D‡`¨vM‡K my‡hvM w`‡q jvL jvL †eKvi gvby‡li Kg©ms¯’v‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv nq| miKvwi D‡`¨v‡M cÖwZ 6 nvRvi gvby‡li Rb¨ 1wU K‡i KwgDwbwU wK¬wbK ¯’vc‡bi cvkvcvwk wPwKrmvi hš¿cvwZi Ici †_‡K ïé cÖZ¨vnvi K‡i †emiKvwi Lv‡Z nvmcvZvj I wK¬wbK cÖwZôvi my‡hvM m„wó Kiv nq| g‡bvcwj †f‡O w`‡q 1 jvL 30 nvRvi UvKvi †gvevBj gvÎ 2 nvRvi UvKvq gvby‡li nv‡Z †cuŠ‡Q †`Iqvi e¨e¯’v, ïénvi Kwg‡q Kw¤úDUvi I Z_¨-cÖhyw³‡K mK‡ji Rb¨ AevwiZ K‡i †`Iqv nq| d‡j evsjv‡`k wWwRUvj hy‡M cÖ‡ek K‡i| KzL¨vZ Bb‡WgwbwU Aa¨v‡`k evwZj, e½eÜz nZ¨vKv‡Êi wePvi, †RjnZ¨vi wePvi cÖwμqv ïi“ Ges AvBb ms¯‹vi Kwgkb MVb cÖf„wZi gva¨‡g AvB‡bi kvmb I gvbevwaKvi cÖwZôvi c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv nq| †`‡k mykvmb cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨ MVb Kiv nq cÖkvmb ms¯‹vi Kwgkb| bvixi ¶gZvqb AwaKvi cÖwZôvq MÖnY Kiv Kiv eûwea c`‡¶c| 1997 mv‡j cÖYqb Kiv nq GKwU cÖMwZkxj bvix bxwZgvjv| cÖavbgš¿xi cÖ‡koevËi cÖv, ¯’vqx KwgwU‡Z gš¿xi e`‡j m`m¨‡`i †_‡K †Pqvig¨vb wb‡qvMmn msm‡` miKv‡ii Revew`wnZv I ¯^”QZv wbwð‡Zi e¨e¯’v †bIqv nq| ¶gZvi we‡K›`ªvq‡bi j‡¶¨ Pvi¯—i wewkó ¯’vbxq miKvi e¨e¯’vi Rb¨ AvBb cÖYqb Kiv nq| †`k‡K cybivq gyw³hy‡×i †PZbvi avivq wdwi‡q Avbv nq Ges evOvwj ms¯‹…wZ I gyw³hy‡×i †MŠie‡K cybi“¾xweZ Ki‡Z MÖnY Kiv nq bvbvgyLx c`‡¶c| e¯‘Z evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jx‡Mi cuvP eQ‡ii kvmbKv‡j Ny‡i `uvwo‡qwQj evsjv‡`k| AwgZ m¤¢vebvi †`k wn‡m‡e wek¦mfvq gv_v DuPz K‡i `uvwo‡qwQj| evsjv‡`‡ki gvby‡li Rb¨ GB cuvP eQi ¯^Y©hyM wn‡m‡e ¯§iYxq n‡q _vK‡e|

weGbwc-RvgvZ †RvU miKv‡ii `yb©xwZ I `ytkvmb, msKUvcboe evsjv‡`k

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ZË¡veavqK miKvi Avgj (A‡±vei 2006-b‡f¤^i 2008)

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Avgv‡`i A½xKvi, Kg©m~wP I †NvlYv

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AMÖvwaKv‡ii cuvPwU welq

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Kiv :

1.1 `ªe¨g~j¨ : `ªe¨g~‡j¨i `ytln Pvc cÖkg‡bi j‡¶¨ Pvj, Wvj, †Zjmn wbZ¨cÖ‡qvRbxq wRwbmc‡Îi `vg Kwg‡q RbM‡Yi μq ¶gZvi g‡a¨ w¯’wZkxj ivLvi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| †`kR Drcv`b e„wׇK m‡e©v”P AMÖvwaKvi w`‡q mgq g‡Zv Avg`vwbi mye‡›`ve¯—, evRvi ch©‡e¶Ymn eûgyLx e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e| gRyZ`vwi I gybvdv‡Lvwi wmwÛ‡KU †f‡O †`Iqv n‡e, Puv`vevwR eÜ Kiv n‡e| Ô†fv³v‡`i ¯^v‡_© †fvM¨cY¨ g~j¨ wbqš¿Y KZ…©c¶Õ M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| m‡e©vcwi mieivn I Pvwn`vi fvimvg¨ m„wó K‡i `ªe¨g~j¨ Kgv‡bv n‡e I w¯’wZkxjZv cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e|

1.2 wek¦g›`v : wek¦g›`vi cÖfve †_‡K evsjv‡`k‡K i¶vi Rb¨ bxwZ cÖ‡qvRb, civgk© cÖ`vb, Z_¨ fvÊvi M‡o †Zvjv I cÖ‡qvRbxq wm×vš— MÖn‡Yi Rb¨ Ri“wiwfwˇZ GKwU Uv¯‹‡dvm© MVb Kiv n‡e| wewb‡qvM, R¡vjvwb wbivcËv, gy`ªvgvb myi¶v I idZvwb mnvqZv Ges Rbkw³ idZvwb Ae¨vnZ ivL‡Z cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

2. `ybx©wZi wei“‡× Kvh©Ki e¨e¯’v : `ybx©wZ `gb Kwgk‡bi ¯^vaxbZv wbwðZ K‡i kw³kvjx Kiv n‡e| `ybx©wZi wei“‡× hy‡× eûgyLx Kvh©μg ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e| ¶gZvai‡`i evwl©K m¤ú` weeiY w`‡Z n‡e| ivóª I mgv‡Ri mKj ¯—‡ii Nyl, `ybx©wZ D‡”Q`, A‡bvcvwR©Z Avq, FY‡Ljvwc, Puv`vevwR, †UÛvievwR, Kv‡jvUvKv I †ckxkw³ cÖwZ‡iva I wbg~©‡j K‡Vvi e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e| cÖwZ `dZ‡i MYAwaKvi cÖwZôvi Rb¨ bvMwiK mb` Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡e| miKvwi Kg©Kv‡Êi e¨vcKfv‡e Kw¤úDUvivqb K‡i `ybx©wZi c_ eÜ Kiv n‡e|

3. we`y¨r I R¡vjvwb

3.1 we`y¨r I R¡vjvwb mgm¨v mgvav‡b GKwU `xN©‡gqvw` mgwš^Z mvwe©K R¡vjvwb bxwZgvjv MÖnY Kiv n‡e| †Zj, M¨vm, Kqjv, Rjwe`y¨r, ev‡qvM¨vm I ˆRekw³, evqykw³ I †mŠikw³mn R¡vjvwbi cÖwZwU Dr‡mi A_©‰bwZK e¨envi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| AvÂwjK R¡vjvwb wbivcËv e¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| wZb eQi †gqvw` μ¨vk †cÖvMÖv‡gi AvIZvq eZ©gv‡b wbg©vYvaxb I M„nxZ we`y¨r Drcv`b †K›`ª `ª“Z ev¯—evqb, Ri“wiwfwˇZ 100-150 †gMvIqvU M¨vm UvievBb cÖKí, e„nr I ¶z`ª we`y¨r Drcv`b †K›`ª wbg©vYmn AvIqvgx jxM Avg‡j †emiKvwi Lv‡Z 10, 20 I 30 †gMvIqvU we`y¨r Drcv`b †K›`ª wbg©v‡Yi D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv n‡e| GQvov cyi‡bv we`y¨r †K›`ª †givgZ, i¶Yv‡e¶Y I Ifvi‡nvwjs‡qi e¨e¯’v K‡i we`y¨r Drcv`b e„w× Kiv n‡e| iƒccyi cvigvYweK we`y¨r †K›`ª cÖKí ev¯— evwqZ Kiv n‡e| AvMvgx wZb eQ‡i A_©vr 2011 mv‡ji g‡a¨ we`y¨r Drcv`b 5 nvRvi †gMvIqv‡U, 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ 7 nvRvi †gMvIqv‡U Ges 2021 mv‡j 20 nvRvi †gMvIqv‡U DboexZ Kiv n‡e|

3.2 †Zj I bZzb M¨vm‡¶Î AbymÜvb I Avni‡Yi Kv‡R AMÖvwaKvi †`Iqv n‡e| †`‡ki DËi I cwðgv‡j M¨vm mieiv‡ni e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| M¨vm I GjwcwRÕi mieivn e¨vcKfv‡e e„w× Kiv n‡e|

3.3 RvZxq ¯^v_©‡K mgyboeZ †i‡L KqjvbxwZ cÖYqb Kiv n‡e| G hver cÖvß Kqjvi A_©‰bwZK e¨envi Ges KqjvwfwËK wbg©v‡Y we‡kl D‡`¨vM †bIqv n‡e| bZzb Kqjv I Ab¨vb¨ LwbR m¤ú` AbymÜvb I Avni‡Y we‡kl ¸i“Z¡ †`Iqv n‡e|

4. `vwi`ª¨ NyPvI ˆelg¨ i“‡Lv : Av_©-mvgvwRK Dboeq‡bi j‡¶¨ wb‡æv³ †KŠkj I j¶¨gvÎv AbymiY Kiv n‡e| `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvP‡bi cÖavb †KŠkj n‡e K…wl I cj−x Rxe‡b MwZkxjZv| nZ`wi‡`ªi Rb¨ mvgvwRK wbivcËv †eóbx we¯—…Z Kiv n‡e| 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ `vwi`ª¨mxgv I Pig `vwi‡`ª¨i nvi h_vμ‡g 25 I 15 kZvs‡k bvwg‡q Avbv n‡e| eZ©gv‡bi 6.5 †KvwU `wi‡`ªi msL¨v 2013 mv‡j n‡e 4.5 †KvwU Ges 2021 mv‡j n‡e 2.2 †KvwU| GB j¶¨ c~i‡Yi Rb¨ Ab¨vb¨ c`‡¶‡ci m‡½ weMZ AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii M„nxZ cÖKí ÔGKwU evwo GKwU LvgviÕ Avkªvqb, M„nvqb, Av`k© MÖvg, N‡i †div, ev¯— evqb Kiv n‡e| eq¯‹ fvZv, `y¯’ gwnjv fvZv, myweav‡fvwM‡`i msL¨v Kgc‡¶ wظY Kiv n‡e| Kg©ms¯’vb e¨vs‡K cÖ‡qvRbxq g~jab mieivn K‡i Zi“Y D‡`¨v³v‡`i DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e| eZ©gvb `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb †KŠkjcÎ cybg~©j¨vqb K‡i bZzb wcAviGmwc cÖYqb Kiv n‡e|

5. mykvmb cÖwZôv : 5.1 mš¿vm I Rw½ev` k³ nv‡Z `gb Kiv n‡e| hy×vcivax‡`i wePv‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

5.2 wePvi wefv‡Mi cÖK…Z ¯^vaxbZv I wbi‡c¶Zv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| wePvi ewnf©~Z nZ¨vKvÊ eÜ Kiv n‡e| e½eÜz nZ¨vi wePv‡ii ivq Kvh©Ki I †RjLvbvq Pvi †bZvi nZ¨vKv‡Êi cybwe©Pvi m¤úboe Kiv n‡e| 21 AvM÷ †MÖ‡bW nvgjvi myôz Z`‡š—i gva¨‡g cÖK…Z Acivax‡`i wePv‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| AvB‡bi kvmb cÖwZôv, ¯^vaxb gvbevwaKvi Kwgkb MVb I b¨vqcvj wb‡qvM Kiv n‡e| gvbevwaKvi jsNb K‡Vvifv‡e eÜ Kiv n‡e|

5.3 wbe©vPb Kwgkb Ges wbe©vPb c×wZi Pjgvb ms¯‹vi Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| RvZxq msm`‡K Kvh©Ki I miKv‡ii Revew`wnZv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| cÖavbgš¿x, gš¿xmfvi m`m¨ Ges msm` m`m¨ I Zv‡`i cwiev‡ii m¤ú‡`i wnmve I Av‡qi Drm cÖwZeQi Rbmg‡¶ cÖKvk Kiv n‡e| iv‡óªi wbivcËv msμvš— KwZcq mywbw`©ó welq Qvov msm` m`m¨‡`i wfboegZ cÖKv‡ki AwaKvi †`qv n‡e|

5.4 ivRbxwZ‡Z mv¤cÖ`vwqK mš¿vm I Rw½ev` wbwl× Kiv n‡e| agx©q I RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy‡`i wbivcËv I AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| ivR‰bwZK ms¯‹…wZ‡Z wkóvPvi I mwnòzZv M‡o †Zvjv n‡e Ges mš¿vm I Puv`vevwR wbwl× n‡e| GKwU me©m¤§Z AvPiY wewagvjv cÖYq‡bi D‡`¨vM MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

5.5 cÖevmx evOvwj‡`i RvwZ MV‡b AskMÖn‡Yi my‡hvM m„wó Ges Zv‡`i †fvUvwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| †iwg‡U‡Ýi wewb‡qvM Ges cÖevmx g~jab‡K AvK…ó Kivi Rb¨ we‡kl D‡`¨vM †bIqv n‡e| cÖevmx‡`i †gavi mبenv‡ii Rb¨ civgk©K †bUIqvK© M‡o †Zvjv n‡e|

5.6 `jxqKiYgy³ AivR‰bwZK MYgyLx cÖkvmb cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e| †hvM¨Zv, †R¨ôZv I †gavi wfwˇZ me wb‡qvM I c‡`vboewZ wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| cÖkvmwbK ms¯‹vi, Z_¨ AwaKvi cÖwZôv Ges BMf‡b©Ý Pvjy Kiv n‡e| miKvwi Kg©KZ©v-Kg©Pvix‡`i Rb¨ ¯’vqx †eZb Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e|

5.7 RbRxe‡b wbivcËv weav‡b cywjk I AvBb-k„•Ljv i¶vKvix evwnbxmg~n‡K ivRbxwZi cÖfvegy³, AvaywbK I hy‡Mvc‡hvMx K‡i M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| Zv‡`i †eZb-fvZv, Avevmb I Ab¨vb¨ my‡hvM-myweav e„w× Ges Kj¨v‡Y cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡¶c †bIqv n‡e|

5.8 iscyi bZzb wefvM MVb Kiv n‡e|

5.9 Kg©ms¯’vb bxwZgvjv : `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb, †eKvi mgm¨v mgvavb Ges bvMwi‡Ki Rxeb‡K A_©en Kivi D‡Ï‡k GKwU mvwe©K Kg©ms¯’vb bxwZgvjv MÖnY Kiv n‡e| hvi g~j welq n‡jvÑ K. MÖvgxY A_©bxwZ‡Z Kg©ms¯’vb L. AvZ¥Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ FY I cÖwk¶Y M. wkívq‡b †eZb‡fvMx kªwg‡Ki Rb¨ my‡hvM m„wó N. e„nr wk‡íi m‡½ ¶z`ª I gvSvwi wk‡íi mve-K›Uªvw±s m¤úK© M‡o †Zvjv Ges O. cÖev‡m kªwgK idZvwbi Rb¨ we‡kl e¨e¯’v Ges we‡kl cÖwk¶Y| eZ©gv‡b 2.8 †KvwU †jvK †eKvi, 2013 mv‡j Zv K‡g n‡e 2.4 †KvwU Ges 2021 mv‡j n‡e 1.5 †KvwU|

¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ab¨vb¨ Kg©m~wP

6. ¯’vbxq miKvi : ¶gZvi we‡K›`ªvqb K‡i BDwbqb, Dc‡Rjv I †Rjv cwil`‡K kw³kvjx Kiv n‡e| †Rjv cwil`‡K wk¶v, ¯^v¯’¨, AvBb-k„•Ljv I mKj cÖKvi Dboeqbg~jK Kg©cwiKíbv ev¯— evq‡bi †K›`ª wn‡m‡e M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| cÖwZwU BDwbqb m`i‡K ¯’vbxq Dboeqb I cÖkvmwbK Kg©Kv‡Êi †K›`ªwe›`y, cwiKwíZ cj−x Rbc` Ges Dc‡Rjv m`i I ewa©òz wkí‡K›`ª¸‡jv‡K kni-Dckni wn‡m‡e M‡o †Zvjv n‡e|

7. K…wl I cj−x Dboeqb

7.1 Avgv‡`i g~j j¶¨ Ômevi Rb¨ Lv`¨Õ wbwðZ Ki‡Z me©vZ¥K e¨e¯’v MÖnY Ges 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ evsjv‡`k‡K cybivq Lv‡`¨ ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© Kiv n‡e| K…wl DcKi‡Y fZz©wK e„w×, K…wl DcKiY mnRjf¨ Kiv I K…wl F‡Yi AvIZv e„w× Ges cÖvwß mnRxKiY Kiv n‡e| †mP myweav m¤cÖmviY I myjf Kiv n‡e dmj msi¶‡Yi ch©vß e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e| dmj I mKj K…wlRvZ c‡Y¨i b¨vh¨g~j¨ cvIqvi e¨e¯’v wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| gvQ, `ya, wWg, gyiwM, Mevw` cï I jeY Drcv`‡bi †¶‡Î AvZ¥wbf©ikxjZv AR©‡b h_vh_ e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e| †`kxq Pvwn`v c~iY K‡i, DØ„Ë cY¨ idZvwbi j¶¨ AR©‡bi cÖ‡Póv †bqv n‡e|

7.2 eM©vPvlx‡`i Rb¨ FY, †¶ZgRyi‡`i Kg©ms¯’vb I Zv‡`i cj−x †ik‡bi AvIZvq Avbv n‡e|

7.3 evwYwR¨K K…wl, ˆRe cÖhyw³, †R‡bwUK BwÄwbqvwis, MÖvgxY AK…wlR Lv‡Zi Dboeqb, wek¦vqb †gvKvwejvq Dchy³ Kg©‡KŠkj MÖnY Kiv n‡e| K…wl Drcv`b e„w×i j‡¶¨ K…wli AvaywbKvqb, cÖhyw³ D™¢veb Ges K…wl M‡elYvi my‡hvM-myweav e„w×i Ici we‡kl ¸i“Z¡ Av‡ivc Kiv n‡e|

7.4 cj−x Dboeq‡b bvMwiK my‡hvM-myweavi cwiwa we¯—…Z Kiv n‡e| f~wgnxb‡`i g‡a¨ LvmRwg weZiY, Lvm Rjvkq I Rjgnvj cÖK…Z grm¨Rxex‡`i e‡›`ve¯— †`qv n‡e| mgy`q Rwgi †iKW© Kw¤úDUvivqb Kiv n‡e Ges Rwg, Rjvk‡qi Drcv`bkxjZv e„w× I mvgvwRK b¨vq wePv‡ii j‡¶¨ f~wg ms¯‹vi Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e|

7.5 DcK‚jxq A‡j cwiKwíZfv‡e f~wg D×v‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

8. cwi‡ek I cvwb m¤ú` : wek¦ Dòvq‡bi cÖfve †_‡K i¶v, `~lYgy³ cwi‡ek M‡o †Zvjv Ges cvwbm¤ú` i¶vq mgwš^Z bxwZ I cwiKíbv MÖnY Kiv n‡e| b`x Lbb, cvwb msi¶Y, eb¨v wbqš¿Y, b`x fvOb †iva, ebvÂj I Rxe‰ewPΨ i¶vi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| †mP myweav m¤cÖmviY I jeYv³Zv †iva I my›`iebmn AeevwnKv A‡ji wgVv cvwb cÖvwß mgm¨v mgvav‡bi j‡¶¨ M½v e¨v‡iR cÖKí ev¯—evq‡bi D‡`¨vM †bIqv n‡e| cwi‡ek I cvwbm¤ú` i¶vq Kvh©Ki AvÂwjK I Avš—R©vwZK mn‡hvwMZv M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| cvwb I evqy `~lY †iva Ges eR©¨ e¨e¯’vcbvq AvaywbK weÁvbm¤§Z e¨e¯’vcbv M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| f~-Dcwiw¯’Z cvwbi hyw³m½Z e¨envi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

9. wkí evwYR¨ :

9.1 `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb I Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ `ª“Z wkívq‡bi j‡¶¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi `¶Zv e„w×, cuywR evRv‡ii `ª“Z weKvk, AvBb-k„•Ljv, Nyl-`ybx©wZ, cÖkvmwbK RwUjZv Ges ivR‰bwZK †cvlKZvgy³, wewb‡qvMevÜe cwi‡ek, cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK evRvi e¨e¯’v, D™¢vebx cÖhyw³, †fŠZ AeKvVv‡gvMZ my‡hvM-myweav, D‡`¨v³v †kªYx‡K AvK…ó Ki‡Z m¶g Ges Af¨š—ixY evRvi m¤cÖmviY cÖf„wZ bxwZgvjv msewjZ ¯^í, ga¨ I `xN©‡gqvw` †cÖw¶Z cwiKíbv cÖYqb I ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e|

9.2 †`wk-we‡`wk wewb‡qvMKvix Ges cÖevmx evOvwj‡`i wewb‡qv‡M DrmvwnZ Kiv| wewb‡qvMKvix‡`i Rb¨ AvbyôvwbKZv I AvBwb RwUjZv mnwRKiY K‡i Iqvb ÷c mvwf©m Kvh©Ki Kiv n‡e| †`kxq wk‡íi myi¶vi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

9.3 AvBwU wk‡íi Dboeqb, †cvkvK I †U·UvBj LvZ‡K m¤cÖmviY, wec`gy³ I kw³kvjx Kiv, RvnvR wbg©vY wkí, Lv`¨ cÖwμqvRvZKiY, Ilya, Pvgov, ivmvqwbK `ªe¨, †Ljbv, Ry‡qjvwi I AvmevecÎ wk‡íi weKvk‡K AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e| cv‡Ui weKí e¨envi I cvU wkí‡K jvfRbK Ki‡Z †bqv n‡e we‡kl D‡`¨vM|

9.4 ¶z`ª, gvSvwi I KzwUi wk‡íi weKv‡k mnvqZv `vb, ZuvZ wkí i¶v I †ikg, †ebviwm I Rvg`vwb cj−x M‡o †Zvjvmn ZuvZx, Kvgvi, Kzgvi I g„r wkíx‡`i we‡kl cÖ‡Yv`bv †`Iqv n‡e| AvL Pvl I wPwb wkímn K…wlwbf©i wkí‡K DrmvwnZ Kiv, evRvi m„wó I idZvwb‡Z me©‡Zvfv‡e mn‡hvwMZv †`qv n‡e| ch©Ub Lv‡Z weKvk, Rbkw³ idZvwb e„w× Ges cÖevmx‡`i †cÖwiZ †iwg‡U‡Ýi Drcv`bkxj wewb‡qvM wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

gvbe Dboeqb

10. wk¶v I weÁvb

10.1 gvbe Dboeqb wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ wk¶v, weÁvb I Z_¨-cÖhyw³ Lv‡Z m‡e©v”P eivÏ †`qv n‡e| G j‡¶¨ hy‡Mvc‡hvMx bZzb wk¶vbxwZ cÖYqb Kiv n‡e| 2010 mv‡ji g‡a¨ cÖv_wgK ¯—‡i wbU fwZ© 100 kZvs‡k DboexZ Kiv Ges 2014 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †`k‡K wbi¶iZvgy³ Kiv n‡e| wk¶vi gv‡bvboeqb, wk¶v½b‡K `jxqKiYgy³, wk¶K‡`i Rb¨ D”PZi †eZb KvVv‡gv I ¯’vqx †eZb Kwgkb MVb Ges ¯^Zš¿ Kg©Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e| ch©vqμ‡g øvZK ch©š— wk¶v‡K A‰eZwbK †mevq cwiYZ Kiv n‡e|

10.2 bvixwk¶v DrmvwnZ Kivi j‡¶¨ Dce„wË Ae¨vnZ ivLv n‡e|

10.3 wk¶v½b mš¿vm, †mkbRU gy³ Kiv n‡e| gv`ªvmv wk¶v‡K hy‡Mvc‡hvMx K‡i †Zvjv n‡e| weÁvb I cÖhyw³ wk¶v‡K we‡klfv‡e DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e| weÁvbPP©v I M‡elYv K‡g©i my‡hvM e„w× Kiv n‡e|

10.4 ivRavbx XvKvq ch©vqμ‡g Av‡iv cÖwZ _vbvq miKvwi gva¨wgK nvB¯‹zj cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e| cÖwZwU †Rjv m`‡i miKvwi ¯‹zj¸‡jvi Dboeqb I m¤cÖmviY Kiv n‡e Ges ch©vqμ‡g cÖwZ Dc‡Rjvq miKvwi gva¨wgK ¯‹zj cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e|

10.5 Z_¨ I †hvMv‡hvM cÖhyw³ : AvBwmwU Lv‡Zi m¤¢vebv‡K ¯^v_©K K‡i †Zvjvi e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e| †`‡ki cÖwZfvevb Zi“Y I AvMÖnx D‡`¨v³v‡`i m‡e©vZfv‡e mnvqZv w`‡q mdUIq¨vi wkí I AvBwU mvwf©‡mi weKvk mvab Kiv n‡e| G‡Z idZvwb evo‡e Ges e¨vcK Kg©ms¯’v‡bi e¨e¯’v n‡e| 2021 mv‡ji j¶¨ n‡jv wWwRUvj evsjv‡`k| 2013 mv‡j gva¨wgK ¯—‡i Ges 2021 mv‡j cÖv_wgK ¯—‡i AvBwU wk¶v eva¨Zvg~jK n‡e| AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii Avg‡j MwVZ Ges †RvU miKv‡ii Avg‡j wbw®OEq Kiv cÖavbgš¿xi †bZ…Z¡vaxb Z_¨-cÖhyw³ welqK Uv¯‹‡dvm© mwμq I Kvh©Ki Kiv n‡e| †`‡ki wewfboe ¯’v‡b nvB‡UK cvK©, mdUIq¨vi †UK‡bvjwR cvK©, AvBwmwU BbKz‡eUi Ges Kw¤úDUvi wf‡jR ¯’vcb Kiv n‡e|

10.6 cÖwZeÜx Kj¨vY : 2000 mv‡j AvIqvgx jxM miKvi KZ…©K cÖYxZ cÖwZeÜx Kj¨vY AvBb hy‡Mvc‡hvMx I ev¯—evwqZ Kiv n‡e| cÖwZeÜx gvby‡li wk¶v, Kg©ms¯’vb, Pjv‡div, †hvMv‡hvM mnR Kiv Ges Zv‡`i mvgvwRK gh©v`v cÖwZôvi Rb¨ we‡kl e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

11. ¯^v¯’¨‡mev I cwievi Kj¨vY

11.1 mK‡ji Rb¨ ¯^v¯’¨‡mev wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ c~e©Zb AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii cÖYxZ RvZxq ¯^v¯’¨bxwZ cybg~©j¨vqb K‡i hy‡Mi Pvwn`v Abyhvqx bevqb Kiv n‡e| GB bxwZi Av‡jv‡K AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii Avg‡j cÖwZwôZ 18 nvRvi KwgDwbwU wK¬wbK Pvjy, cywó, wkï I gvZ…g½j wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| RbmsL¨v bxwZ hy‡Mvc‡hvMx Kiv, RbmsL¨v wbqš¿Y I cÖRbb ¯^v¯’¨‡mev wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

11.2 Av‡m©wbK mgm¨v mgvavb K‡i 2011 mv‡ji g‡a¨ mevi Rb¨ wbivc` my‡cq cvwb Ges 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ cÖwZ evwo‡Z ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z m¨vwb‡Uk‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

11.3 gvbm¤úboe Ilya Drcv`‡b AvZ¥wbf©ikxjZv AR©b I idZvwb e„w×i j‡¶¨ IlyabxwZ hy‡Mvc‡hvMx Kiv n‡e| †nvwgIc¨vw_, BDbvwb I Avq~‡e©`mn †`kR wPwKrmv wk¶v Ges †flR Ily‡ai gv‡bvboeq‡b Kvh©Ki e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

11.4 GBPAvBwf/GBWm, Kzô, h²vmn msμvgK e¨vwa cÖwZ‡iv‡ai e¨e¯’v Ges †ivM wbivg‡q DboeZ wPwKrmvi my‡hvM m„wó Kiv n‡e|

12. bvixi ¶gZvqb

12.1 bvixi ¶gZvqb, mg-AwaKvi I my‡hvM wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ 1997 mv‡j AvIqvgx jxM miKvi KZ…©K cÖYxZ Ôbvix Dboeqb bxwZÕ cybe©nvj Kiv n‡e|

12.2 RvZxq msm‡` msiw¶Z gwnjv Avm‡bi msL¨v 33 kZvs‡k DboexZ Kiv n‡e| cÖkvmb I mgv‡Ri me©¯—‡ii D”Pc‡` bvix‡`i wb‡qv‡Mi cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e|

12.3 bvix wbh©vZb e‡Ü K‡VviZg AvBwb e¨e¯’v †bqv n‡e| bvix I wkï cvPvi †iv‡a AvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZvmn h_vh_ e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

12.4 bvixi †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨ ˆelg¨g~jK AvBbmg~n ms‡kvab Kiv n‡e| Kg©‡¶‡Î bvixi wbivcËv, Kg©evÜe cwi‡ek I my‡hvM-myweav wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

13. wkï-wK‡kvi Kj¨vY

ch©vqμ‡g me©‡¶‡Î wkïkªg eÜ Kiv n‡e| wkï‡`i ivR‰bwZK Kg©Kv‡Ê e¨envi, cÖ‡jvfb ev †Rvi K‡i RwoZ Kiv n‡e bv| RvwZmsN mb` Abyhvqx wkï AwaKvi msi¶Y, 1974 mv‡ji wkï AvBb Ges 1994 mv‡ji wkïbxwZ ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i hy‡Mvc‡hvMx Kiv n‡e| Zv‡`i kvixwiK, gvbwmK weKv‡k cywó wk¶v I we‡bv`‡bi Dchy³ my‡hvM wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| wkï wbh©vZb we‡kl K‡i Kb¨v wkï‡`i cÖwZ ˆelg¨, wbh©vZb eÜ I Zv‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| c_wkï‡`i cybe©vmb I wbivc` Avevm‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

14. hye mgvR I Kg©ms¯’vb

eQ‡i b~¨bZg 100 w`‡bi Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K cwiev‡ii GKRb Kg©¶g †eKvi

Zi“Y/Zi“Yx‡K Kg©ms¯’v‡bi Rb¨ ÔGgc−q‡g›U M¨vivw›UÕ w¯‹g ch©vqμ‡g Kvh©Kix Kiv n‡e| mKj Kg©¶g bvMwi‡Ki wbeÜb Kiv n‡e| D”P gva¨wgK cix¶vq DËxY© bZzb cÖR‡b¥i mg~`q hye mgvR‡K `yB eQ‡ii Rb¨ Ôb¨vkbvj mvwf©mÕ-G wbhy³ Kivi Rb¨ cÖKí MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

15. †hvMv‡hvM I †fŠZ AeKvVv‡gv

15.1 cwienb, moK wbg©vY, M„nvqb, e›`i Dboeqb I wbg©v‡Y Dchy³ bxwZgvjv MÖnY I cÖKí ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e| moK †bUIqv‡K© MÖvg-BDwbqb-Dc‡Rjv I †Rjv m`i‡K mshy³ Kivi Kvh©μg m¤úboe Kiv n‡e|

15.2 cÙv I KY©dzjx †mZz, Uv‡bj wbg©vY, XvKv-PÆMÖvg 4 †jb wewkó G·‡cÖm moK wbg©v‡Y h‡_vchy³ e¨e¯’v MÖnY Ges †ijc_ m¤cÖmviY I AvaywbKvqb Kiv n‡e|

15.3 Gkxq †ij I Rbc‡_i AvIZvq cvk¦©eZx© ivóªmg~‡ni mv‡_ †ij I moK †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vcb Kiv n‡e|

15.4 cÖwZwU †QvU-eo b`x Lbb Kiv n‡e Ges Zv †hb mviv eQi bve¨ _v‡K Zvi e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e| wbivc‡` ¯^í Li‡P cY¨ I hvÎx cwien‡bi Rb¨ †bŠc‡_i Dboeqb I †bŠ cwien‡bi AvaywbKvqb Kiv n‡e|

15.5 Mfxi mgy`ªe›`i wbg©vY Ges PÆMÖvg I gsjv e›`i‡K AvaywbKvqb K‡i Gwkqvi Rb¨ Db¥y³ K‡i †`Iqv n‡e| ¯’je›`i AvaywbKvqb Kiv n‡e|

15.6 evsjv‡`k wegvb‡K evwYwR¨KwfwˇZ jvfRbK cÖwZôv‡b cwiYZ Kiv n‡e| †emiKvwi wegvb cwienb‡K Av‡iv DrmvwnZ Kiv n‡e| cÖvP¨ I cvðv‡Z¨i ms‡hvM¯’j wn‡m‡e †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v DboeZ Kivi j‡¶¨ me©vaywbK Avš—R©vwZK gvbm¤úboe bZzb wegvbe›`i wbg©vY Kiv n‡e|

15.7 †Uwj‡hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v‡K cÖZ¨š— MÖvgvÂj ch©š— m¤cÖmvwiZ Kiv n‡e| AvMvgx cuvP eQ‡i †`‡ki me Dc‡Rjv‡K B›Uvi‡bU ms‡hv‡Mi AvIZvq Avbv n‡e|

15.8 ¯^í Li‡P hvZvqvZ I ivRavbxi m‡½ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †¶‡Î †ijI‡q‡K ¸i“Z¡ †`Iqv n‡e Ges GRb¨ bZzb †ijjvBb ¯’vcb Kiv n‡e| ivRavbx XvKvi Rbcwienb mgm¨vi mgvavb I hvbRUgy³ Kivi j‡¶¨ f~Mf©¯’ †ijjvBb wbg©vY, AvKvk †ij A_ev mvKz©jvi †ijc_ Ges ivRavbx‡K wN‡i bve¨ I cÖk¯— †bŠc_ wbg©vY Kiv n‡e|

16. kªgbxwZ

16.1 RvZxq kªgbxwZ cybg~©j¨vqb I ms‡kvab Kiv n‡e| cyi“l I bvix kªwgK‡`i †eZb ˆelg¨ `~i Kiv n‡e| RvZxq b~¨bZg gRywi cybwb©a©viY Ges ¯’vqx gRywi Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e| `¶ kªgkw³ idZvwb e„w×i j‡¶¨ Avš—R©vwZK Pvwn`v we‡ePbvq †UªWwfwËK e¨vcK cÖwk¶‡Yi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| AvBGjI Kb‡fbkb Abyhvqx †UªW BDwbqb AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

16.2 Mv‡g©›Um kªwgKmn mKj kªwgK, nZ`wi`ª Ges MÖvgxY f~wgnxb †¶ZgRyi‡`i Rb¨ we‡kl we‡ePbvq †ikwbs cÖ v Pvjy Kiv n‡e|

17. gyw³hy× I gyw³‡hv×v

17.1 ¯^vaxbZvi ¯^coe I gyw³hy‡×i A½xKvi ev¯—evqb, RvwZi †kªô mš—vb exi gyw³‡hv×v‡`i gh©v`v cybtcÖwZôv Ges Zv‡`i Ae`v‡bi ivóªxq ¯^xK…wZ¯^iƒc, we‡klZ `y¯’ gyw³‡hv×v‡`i fvZv e„w×,eva©K¨Kvjxb fiY-†cvlY I webvg~‡j¨ wPwKrmvi e¨e¯’vmn Ab¨vb¨ e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv n‡e| gyw³‡hv×v mš—vb‡`i PvKwi I wk¶v cÖwZôv‡b †KvUv e¨e¯’v Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| mKj gyw³‡hv×v‡`i m¤§vwbZ bvMwiK wn‡m‡e †ij, evm I j‡Â webvg~‡j¨ PjvP‡ji my‡hvM †`qv n‡e|

17.2 †mvnivIqv`x© D`¨v‡b gyw³hy‡×i weRq¯—¤¢ g~j bKkv Abyhvqx wbg©vY m¤úboe Kiv n‡e| †`‡ki me©Î gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZ i¶v Ges cÖK…Z BwZnvm Zz‡j aivi Rb¨ we‡kl Kvh©μg MÖnY Kiv n‡e| mviv‡`‡k gyw³hy×Kvjxb ea¨f~wg I MYKei wPwýZKiY, knx`‡`i bvg-cwiPq msMÖn Ges ¯§„wZ¯—¤¢ wbg©vY Kiv n‡e|

18. agx©q msL¨vjNy, AbyboeZ m¤cÖ`vq I AbMÖmi AÂj

18.1 agx©q msL¨vjNy, ¶z`ª RvwZmËv, Avw`evmx I Pv evMv‡b Kg©iZ kªgRxex Rb‡Mvôxi Ici mš¿vm, ˆelg¨g~jK AvPiY Ges gvbevwaKvi j•N‡bi wPi Aemvb, Zv‡`i Rxeb, m¤ú`, m¤£g, gvbgh ©v`vi myi¶v Ges ivóª I mgvR Rxe‡bi me©‡¶‡Î mgvb AwaKv‡ii ev¯—e cÖ‡qvM wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| Avw`evmx‡`i Rwg, Rjvavi Ges eb GjvKvq mbvZwb AwaKvi msi¶‡Yi Rb¨ we‡kl e¨e¯’v MÖnYmn f~wg Kwgkb MVb Kiv n‡e| msL¨vjNy, Avw`evmx I ¶z`ª b„-RvwZ‡Mvôxi cÖwZ ˆelg¨g~jK mKj cÖKvi AvBb I Ab¨vb¨ e¨e¯’vi Aemvb Kiv n‡e| agx©q I RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy Ges Avw`evmx‡`i Rb¨ PvKwi I wk¶v cÖwZôv‡b we‡kl my‡hvM-myweav wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

18.2 cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg kvwš—Pzw³ m¤ú~Y©fv‡e ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e| AbMÖmi AÂjmg~‡ni Dboeq‡b ewa©Z D‡`¨vM, ¶z`ª RvwZ †Mvôx, Avw`evmx I Ab¨vb¨ m¤cÖ`v‡qi AwaKv‡ii ¯^xK…wZ Ges Zv‡`i fvlv, mvwnZ¨, ms¯‹…wZ I Rxebavivi ¯^vZš¿¨ msi¶Y I Zv‡`i mylg Dboeq‡bi Rb¨ AMÖvwaKvi wfwËK Kg©m~wP MÖnY I ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e| ew¯—, Pi, nvIo, evIo I DcK‚jmn mKj AbMÖmi A‡ji gvby‡li Rxe‡bi gvb Dboeq‡b AMÖvwaKvi †`qv n‡e|

19. MYgva¨‡gi ¯^vaxbZv I Aeva Z_¨-cÖevn

19.1 mKj cÖKvi MYgva¨‡gi ¯^vaxbZv I Z_¨-cÖev‡ni Aeva PjvPj mywbwðZ I msi¶Y Kiv n‡e| RvZxqwfwËK QvovI ¯’vbxqwfwËK KwgDwbwU †iwWI Pvjyi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e|

19.2 mKj mvsevw`K nZ¨vi `ª“Z wePvi K‡i cÖK…Z Acivax‡`i `„óvš—g~jK kvw¯—i e¨e¯’v Ges mvsevw`K wbh©vZb, Zv‡`i cÖwZ fq-fxwZ-ûgwK cÖ`k©b Ges mKj wg_¨v gvgjv cÖZ¨vnvi Kiv n‡e|

19.3 msev`c‡Î weÁvcb weZi‡Y ˆelg¨g~jK bxwZ, `jxqKiY eÜ Ges msev`c·K wkí wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv K‡i Zvi weKv‡k mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv n‡e|

20. cÖwZi¶v

20.1 evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM evsjv‡`‡ki mk¯¿ evwnbx‡K mKj weZ‡K©i E‡aŸ© †i‡L GKwU †`k‡cÖwgK, mvnmx, `¶ I A‡Rq cÖwZi¶v evwnbx wn‡m‡e M‡o Zzj‡e| †`‡ki I RbM‡Yi wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’v DboeZ Kiv n‡e| GKwU ÔRvZxq cÖwZi¶v bxwZÕ cÖYqb Kiv n‡e|

20.2 cÖwZi¶v evwnbxi wb‡qvM, c`vqb, c‡`vboewZi †¶‡Î †hvM¨Zv, †gav, `¶Zv I †R¨ôZvi bxwZgvjv K‡Vvifv‡e AbymiY Kiv n‡e| mk¯¿ evwnbxi Af¨š—ixY k„•Ljv, cÖkvmb I e¨e¯’vcbvq msweavbm¤§Zfv‡e cÖ‡qvRbxq ¯^kvm‡bi AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| mk¯¿ evwnbxi m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ Kj¨vYg~jK cÖKí MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

20.3 Avgv‡`i mk¯¿ evwnbx I cywjk evwnbxi m`m¨‡`i RvwZmsN kvwš—i¶x evwnbxmn Avš—R©vwZK kvwš— i¶vq AwaKZi AskMÖnY I Ae`vb ivLvi j‡¶¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e|

21. ms¯‹…wZ I μxov

21.1 evOvwj ms¯‹…wZi Amv¤cÖ`vwqK I MYZvwš¿K HwZn¨ msi¶Y Ges evsjv fvlv I mvwnZ¨, m½xZ, wkíKjv, bvUK, Pjw”PÎ Ges m„Rbkxj cÖKvkbvmn myKzgvi wk‡íi mKj kvLvi DrKl© mva‡b ivóª cÖ‡qvRbxq c„ô‡cvlKZv cÖ`vb Ki‡e| c~e©Zb AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii (1996-2001) D‡`¨v‡M cÖwZwôZ ÔAvš—R©vwZK gvZ…fvlv Bbw÷wUDUÕ cÖKí cybi“¾xweZ Kiv n‡e|

21.2 mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv, †Muvovwg, K‚cgÊyKZv, Kzms¯‹vi Ges Rw½ev` cÖwZ‡iv‡ai cvkvcvwk G e¨vcv‡i mvgvwRK m‡PZbZv m„wó I RbMY‡K weÁvbgb®‹ Ges D`vi gvbweK †PZbvq DØy× Ki‡Z we‡kl ¸i“Z¡ Av‡ivc Kiv n‡e|

21.3 †KviAvb I myboevn& cwicwš’ †Kv‡bv AvBb cÖYqb Kiv n‡e bv| mKj a‡g©i wk¶v I g~j¨‡ev‡ai cÖwZ h_vh_ m¤§vb cÖ`k©b Kiv n‡e|

21.4 μxov½b I μxov cÖwZôvb¸‡jv‡K `jxqKiYgy³ Kiv n‡e| μxov †¶‡Î DrKl© mvab Avš— R©vwZK gvb AR©‡bi Rb¨ e¨e¯’vcbvi Dboeqb, cÖwk¶Y I my‡hvM-myweavi m¤cÖmviYmn cÖ‡qvRbxq mewKQy Kiv n‡e| wkï, wK‡kvi I Zi“Y-Zi“Yx‡`i kvixwiK I gvbwmK ¯^v¯’¨ weKv‡k †Ljvayjv I kixiPP©vi e¨e¯’v‡K cÖwZwU wk¶v cÖwZôv‡bi Kvh©μ‡gi Ask Kiv n‡e|

22. miKvi I GbwRI

†emiKvwi cÖwZôvbmg~n AvBwb KvVv‡gvi g‡a¨ ¯^kvwmZfv‡e Zv‡`i wbR¯^ wewa †gvZv‡eK cwiPvwjZ n‡e| Z‡e wewae× GbwRI cÖwZôvbmg~n †`‡ki ivR‰bwZK cÖwμqvq Ask wb‡Z cvi‡e bv| Zv‡`i Avq-e¨‡qi ¯^”QZv I Revew`wnZv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

23. ciivóª bxwZ

K. wek¦kvwš— i¶vq evsjv‡`k AMÖYx f~wgKv ivL‡e| ÔmK‡ji m‡½ eÜzZ¡ I Kv‡iv m‡½ ˆewiZv bqÕ GB bxwZi Av‡jv‡K ¯^vaxb ciivóª bxwZ AbymiY Kiv n‡e| fviZ, †bcvj, fyUvb I wgqvbgvimn cÖwZ‡ekx †`k¸‡jvi m‡½ eÜzZ¡c~Y© mym¤úK© eRvq †i‡L eûgyLx mn‡hvwMZv †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e| mvK© wegm‡UK I wW-8 fy³ †`k¸‡jvmn AvÂwjK I Dc-AvÂwjK mn‡hvwMZv my`„p Kiv n‡e|

L. gvwK©b hy³ivóª, BD‡ivcxq BDwbqb, Rvcvb I KvbvWvmn DboeZ †`k¸‡jvi m‡½ evsjv‡`‡ki Dboeqb mn‡hvwMZvi m¤úK© †Rvi`vi I e¨vcKfv‡e we¯—…Z Kiv n‡e| ivwkqv, Pxb Ges Avwkqvbfy³ †`k¸‡jvi m‡½ eÜyZ¡g~jK m¤úK© my`„p Kiv n‡e| evsjv‡`k A‡÷ªwjqv I cÖkvš— gnvmvMi GjvKvi m‡½ AwaKZi †hvMv‡hvM I wbweo m¤úK© ¯’vc‡b D‡`¨vMx n‡e|

M. †mŠw` Avie, wgki, c¨v‡j÷vBb, mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ I Kz‡qZmn ga¨cÖv‡P¨i †`kmg~n Ges Zzi¯‹, gvj‡qwkqv I B‡›`v‡bwkqvmn we‡k¦i gymwjg †`kmg~‡ni m‡½ cvi¯úwiK åvZ…Z¡g~jK m¤úK© Ges Dboeqb I mn‡hvwMZvi †¶Î †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e| gymwjg D¤§vn&i msnwZ Ges Bmjvwg m‡¤§jb ms¯’vi (IAvBwm) KvVv‡gvq A_©‰bwZK Kg©KvÊ I mn‡hvwMZv †Rvi`vi Kiv n‡e| Avwd«Kv I `w¶Y Av‡gwiKvi †`k¸‡jvi m‡½ djcÖm~ m¤úK© ¯’vc‡b c`‡¶c †bIqv n‡e|

N. mš¿vm I Rw½ev` †gvKvwejvq `w¶Y Gkxq Uv¯‹‡dvm© MVb Kiv n‡e|

O. Avš—R©vwZK A½‡b evsjv‡`‡ki fveg~wZ© I gh©v`v cybi“×vi Ges D¾¡j Kiv n‡e|

†`kevmxi cÖwZ AvnŸvb

wcÖq †`kevmx,

Avcbviv Rv‡bb weMZ kvmK †Mvôxi K…ZK‡g©i Rb¨ wcÖq gvZ…f~wg evsjv‡`k AvR Mfxi msK‡U wbcwZZ| †`kevmx Avi AZx‡Zi weGbwc-RvgvZ †Rv‡Ui †mB `ytkvm‡bi ivR‡Z¡ wd‡i †h‡Z Pvq bv| †`kevmx Pvq mš¿vm I `ybx©wZi KjylZvgy³ GKwU b¨vqwfwËK my›`i mgvR I Dboeq‡bi c‡_ `ª“Z AMÖmigvb AvaywbK evsjv‡`k wbg©vY Ki‡Z| evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM ZvB wbQK ¶gZvi i`e`‡ji Rb¨ bq, †`k‡K fqven msKU †_‡K D×vi K‡i RbM‡Yi cÖZ¨vkv Abyhvqx Dboeqb, MYZš¿, kvwš— I cÖMwZi c‡_ AMÖmi K‡i wb‡Z `„p cÖwZÁ| GRb¨ Avgiv Avgv‡`i `xN©‡gqvw` j¶¨ ev iƒcKí, AvMvgx cuvP eQ‡i ev¯—evqb‡hvM¨ Kg©m~wP Ges Avï I Ri“wi KiYxqmg~n msw¶ß AvKv‡i nvwRi K‡iwQ| Avgiv g‡b Kwi, ag©-eY©, †kªYx I `jgZ wbwe©‡k‡l mgMÖ †`kevmxi my`„p HK¨ Ges mw¤§wjZ cÖ‡Póvi gva¨‡gB Dc‡iv³ Kg©m~wP I A½xKvimg~n ev¯—evqb Kiv m¤¢e| Avgiv wek¦vm Kwi, evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM 1996-2001 mvj ch©š— †`k cwiPvjbvq †h Ag~j¨ AwfÁZv AR©b K‡i‡Q, AvMvgx w`‡b †m AwfÁZv‡K Kv‡R jvwM‡q Av‡iv `¶Zv, mZZv I wbôvi m‡½ †`k‡K mvg‡bi w`‡K AMÖmi K‡i wb‡Z m¶g n‡e BbkvAvj−vn| bZzb cÖR‡b¥i †h Zi“Y-Zi“Yxiv Gevi cÖ g †fvUvi n‡q‡Qb Zv‡`i D¾¡j fwel¨r wbg©v‡Yi j‡¶¨ cÖYxZ wfkb-2021 Avgiv Zv‡`iB DrmM© KiwQ| wek¦vq‡bi G hy‡M Avgv‡`i wcÖq gvZ…f~wg evsjv‡`k‡K GKwesk kZvãxi P¨v‡jÄ †gvKvwejvq Dchy³ K‡i M‡o †Zvjvi Rb¨ Acvi m¤¢vebvgq bZzb cÖR‡b¥i †fvUvi Z_v Zi“Y-Zi“Yx‡`i kªg, †gav, Ávb I gbb‡K Avgiv Kv‡R jvMv‡Z PvB| Zv‡`i Rb¨B iwPZ n‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i wbe©vPbx Bk‡Znvi I Kg©m~wP| Avgiv g‡b Kwi, G Kg©m~wP I wfkb-2021 ev¯—evq‡b Zi“Y cÖR‡b¥i mwμq AskMÖnY Ges m¤ú„³Zvi IciB Gi mvdj¨ eûjvs‡k wbf©i Ki‡Q| mgMÖ RvwZi mw¤§wjZ cÖ‡Póvq GB Bk‡Znvi ev¯—evqb K‡i Avgiv bZzb cÖRb¥‡K GKwU my›`i I mdj fwel¨r Dcnvi †`e| bZzb cÖRb¥‡K Zv‡`i fwel¨r wbg©vY I RvwZ MV‡bi GB gnr Kg©h‡Á mvwgj nIqvi Rb¨ Avgiv D`vË AvnŸvb Rvbvw”Q| Avgv‡`i eZ©gvb †Zvgv‡`i fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ DrmM© KiwQ| wcÖq †`kevmx Avcbv‡`i g~j¨evb †fv‡U AvIqvgx jxM wbe©vwPZ n‡q miKvi MVb Ki‡j Pvj, Wvj, †Zjmn wbZ¨cÖ‡qvRbxq wRwb‡mi `vg Kwg‡q Avgiv Avcbv‡`i Rxe‡b ¯^w¯— I Av¯’v wdwi‡q Avb‡ev| †`kevmxi Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i AvnŸvb, Avmyb mKj †f`v‡f` fy‡j Avevi Avgiv gyw³hy‡×i †PZbvq †R‡M DwV, w`be`‡ji msMÖv‡g HK¨e× nB| †kvlY-eÂbv, ˆelg¨ I `ytkvm‡bi wPi Aemvb NUvB| GKwU Amv¤cÖ`vwqK MYZvwš¿K I mwnòz mgvR M‡o Zzwj| myLx mg„w×kvjx †mvbvi evsjv M‡o †Zvjvi msMÖv‡g beRvMiY m„wó Kwi| M‡o Zzwj evOvwj RvwZi Av‡jv‡Kv¾¡j fwel¨r| RbZvi Rq mywbwðZ| Avj−vn Avgv‡`i mnvq †nvb| Rq evsjv| Rq e½eÜz| evsjv‡`k wPiRxex †nvK|

cwiwkó

msKU‡gvPb I mg„× fwel¨r wewbg©v‡Y AvIqvgx jx‡Mi iƒcKí (wfkb 2021)

2021 mvj bvMv` †Kgb evsjv‡`k †`L‡Z PvB

1. ZË¡veavqK miKvi, MYZš¿ I Kvh©Ki msm`

* GKwU wbf©i‡hvM¨ wbe©vPb e¨e¯’v, wbqwgZ wbe©vPb, miKv‡ii Revew`wnZv, ¯^”QZv wbwðZ Ki‡Z MYZš¿ I MYZvwš¿K cÖwZôvb¸‡jv‡K mycÖwZwôZ Kiv n‡e| msm`‡K Kvh©Ki Kivi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq mKj c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

2. ivR‰bwZK KvVv‡gv, ¶gZvi we‡K›`ªxKiY I MYAskvqb

* ¯’vbxq miKvi‡K cÖvavb¨ w`‡q ivR‰bwZK KvVv‡gv‡Z Avg~j cwieZ©b mvab Kiv n‡e| Dboeqb Kg©Kv‡Ê wbqvgK f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡e ¯’vbxq miKvi| G D‡Ï‡k †Rjv I Dc‡Rjvi ¯’vbxq miKvi‡K ¯^wbf©i I ¯^kvwmZ cÖwZôvb wn‡m‡e M‡o †Zvjv n‡e|

3. mykvm‡bi Rb¨ AvB‡bi kvmb I `jxqKiY cÖwZ‡iva

AvB‡bi kvmb mycÖwZwôZ Kivi D‡Ï‡k gvbevwaKvi msi¶Y Kiv n‡e| wePvi wefv‡Mi ¯^vaxbZv wbwðZ, ivóªxq wewfboe cÖwZôvb I cÖkvmb‡K `jxqKiY gy³ Kiv n‡e| wb‡qvM I c‡`vboewZi wfwË n‡e †gav, `¶Zv, †R¨ôZv, mZZv Ges `jxq cwiP‡qi E‡aŸ© cÖRvZ‡š¿i cÖwZ AvbyMZ¨| ivR‰bwZK D‡Ïk¨ mva‡b cÖkvmb‡K e¨envi eÜ wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

4. ivR‰bwZK ms¯‹…wZi cwieZ©b

mš¿vm, `ybx©wZ, a‡g©i ivR‰bwZK e¨envi eÜ Ges ivR‰bwZK `j¸‡jvi g‡a¨ MYZvwš¿K ixwZbxwZ, ¯^”Q A_©vqb, wkóvPvi I mnbkxj AvPiY cÖwZôv Kiv n‡e| ivR‰bwZK `j¸‡jvi Af¨š—‡i MYZš¿ PP©v I AwaKZi ms¯‹v‡ii j‡¶¨ hy‡Mvc‡hvMx c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

5. `ybx©wZgy³ mgvR MVb

¯^vaxb I kw³kvjx `ybx©wZ`gb Kwgkbmn `ybx©wZ `g‡b ivóªxq cÖwZôvbmg~n‡K Av‡iv Kvh©Ki K‡i M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| `ybx©wZi wei“‡× AvBwb cÖwμqvi cvkvcvwk mvgvwRK cÖwZ‡iva M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| bvMwiK AwaKvi mb` iPbv, Z_¨ AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv Ges miKvwi `wjj `¯—v‡eR Kw¤úDUvivqb Ges ¶gZvi we‡K›`ªvqb, Revew`wnZv I ¯^”QZv wbwðZ K‡i `ybx©wZi c_¸‡jv m¤¢ve¨ mKj Dcv‡q eÜ Kiv n‡e|

6. bvixi ¶gZvqb I mg-AwaKvi cÖwZôv

ivóª I mgvR Rxe‡b bvixi mgvb AwaKvi I mgvb my‡hvM wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ 1997 mv‡ji bvixbxwZ cybe©nvj I Kvh©Ki Kiv n‡e, ˆelg¨g~jK AvBbmg~‡ni ms¯‹vi Kiv n‡e Ges msm‡` cÖZ¨¶ †fv‡U bvixi Rb¨ 100 Avmb msiw¶Z Kiv n‡e|

7. A_©‰bwZK Dboeqb I D‡`¨vM

K. †gŠwjK Pvwn`v c~iY : msweav‡bi 15 Aby‡”Q` Abyhvqx bvMwiK‡`i Rb¨ Aboe, e¯¿, Avkªq, wk¶v I wPwKrmvmn Rxeb avi‡Yi †gŠwjK DcKi‡Yi e¨e¯’v wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ RvZxq Av‡qi Mo evwl©K cÖe„w×i nvi 2013 mv‡j 8 kZvs‡k Ges 2017 mv‡j 10 kZvs‡k DboexZ K‡i 2021 mvj ch©š— Ae¨vnZ ivLv n‡e|

L. RbmsL¨v I kªgkw³i Awf‡¶c : 2021 mv‡j RbmsL¨v n‡e 16.5 †KvwU| kªgkw³ n‡e 10.5 †KvwU| 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ kªgkw³i Aš—Z 85 kZvs‡ki Kg©ms¯’v‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e| eZ©gv‡b 4.5 †KvwU Kg©iZ kªwg‡Ki msL¨v 2013 mv‡j n‡e 5.6 †KvwU Ges 2021 mv‡j n‡e 9 †KvwU| wk‡íi weKvk, K…wli kªgNb ˆewPΨ mvab I Drcv`bkxjZv e„w×, idZvwb cÖmvi I Rbkw³ e„w×mn Kg©ms¯’v‡bi bvbv D™¢vebx Kg©m~wP MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

M. `vwi`ª¨ wbg~©j : Avgv‡`i j¶¨ `vwi`ª¨ n«vm bq `vwi`ª¨ wbg~©j| G Rb¨ 2015 mv‡j bv †nvK 2017 mv‡j RvwZmsN †NvwlZ mnmªvã j¶¨gvÎv c~i‡Yi Kvh©Ki e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e| eZ©gvb `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb †KŠkjcÎ cybg~©j¨vqb K‡i h‡_vchy³ wcAviGmwc cÖYqb Kiv n‡e| 2021 mvj bvMv` eZ©gvb `vwi‡`ª¨i nvi μgvš^‡q 45 †_‡K 15 kZvs‡k bvwg‡q Avbv n‡e| 2013 mv‡j `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôx n‡e eZ©gv‡bi 6.5 †KvwUi ¯’‡j 4.5 †KvwU Ges 2021 mv‡j n‡e 2.5 †KvwU| `vwi`ª¨ wbg~©j bv nIqv ch©š— AwZ `wi`ª‡`i Rb¨ M‡o †Zvjv n‡e †UKmB mvgvwRK wbivcËv †eóbx|

N. Lv`¨ I cywó : eZ©gvb Lv`¨ NvUwZ c~iY K‡i 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †`k‡K Lv‡`¨ ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© Kiv n‡e| G j¶¨ AR©‡bi gva¨‡g 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †`‡ki 85 kZvsk gvby‡li cywó Pvwn`v wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

O. ¯^v¯’¨‡mev : 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôxi Rb¨ ˆ`wbK b~¨bZg 2122 wK‡jv K¨v‡jvwii E‡aŸ© Lv`¨, msμvgK e¨vwa m¤ú~Y© wbg~©j, mK‡ji cÖv_wgK ¯^v¯’¨‡mev, 2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ mK‡ji Rb¨ ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z m¨vwb‡Ukb, 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ Mo Avqy®‹vj 70-Gi †KvVvq DboexZ, wkï I gvZ…-g„Zz¨i nvi Kgv‡bv cÖf„wZ wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

P. wk¶v : 2011 mv‡ji g‡a¨ cÖv_wgK ¯—‡i wbU fwZ©i nvi 100 kZvsk, 2017 mv‡j wbi¶iZv m¤ú~Y© `~i, wk¶vi gv‡bvboeqb, ˆeÁvwbK I KvwiMix Ávbm¤úboe cÖRb¥ M‡o †Zvjv Ges wk¶K‡`i D”PZi †eZb myweav wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| cÖYqb Kiv n‡e hy‡Mvc‡hvMx wk¶vbxwZ|

Q. wkí : 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ wkívq‡bi my`„p wfwË iPbv Kiv n‡e| RvZxq Drcv`‡b wkí Lv‡Zi Ae`vb wظY DboexZ Kiv, K…wl I kªgNb wk‡íi Drcv`bkxj weKvk‡K AMÖvwaKvi cÖ`vb, Z_¨-cÖhyw³ Lv‡Zi m‡e©vËg weKvk Ges †`wk-we‡`wk wewb‡qvM AvK…ó Kivi Rb¨ wewb‡qvMevÜe cwi‡ek m„wói e¨e¯’v msewjZ Dboeqb †KŠkj MnÖ Y I ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e|

R. R¡vjvwb wbivcËv : cÖZ¨vwkZ Dboeqb I wkívqb wbwðZ Ki‡Z R¡vjvwb wbivcËvi w`K-wb‡`©kbv msewjZ R¡vjvwbbxwZ MÖnY Kiv n‡e| 2015 mv‡ji g‡a¨ we`y¨r Drcv`b 8 nvRvi †gMvIqv‡U DboexZ Kiv n‡e| 2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ evsjv‡`‡ki m¤¢ve¨ we`y¨r Pvwn`v n‡e 20 nvRvi †gMvIqvU| M¨vmm¤ú‡`i wbqwgZ Rwic K‡i AwaKZi M¨vm Drcv`‡bi e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e| R¡vjvwbi Pvwn`v c~i‡Y Af¨š—ixY ev‡qvM¨vm, Rjwe`y¨r, evqykw³, †mŠikw³mn m¤¢ve¨ mKj Drm QvovI cvi¯úwiK mn‡hvwMZvi wfwˇZ AvÂwjK R¡vjvwb wbivcËv e¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjvi D‡`¨vM †bIqv n‡e|

S. †fŠZ AeKvVv‡gv : moK, †ij, †bŠ, wegvb cwienb I †Uwj‡hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’v‡K e¨vcKfv‡e m¤cÖmvwiZ Kiv n‡e| ivRavbxi m‡½ mgMÖ †`‡ki ¯^í Li‡P †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †¶‡Î †ijc_‡K we‡kl ¸i“Z¡ †`Iqv n‡e| cÙv †mZz I KY©dzjx‡Z Szjš— †mZz/Uv‡bj wbg©vY, evsjv‡`k‡K Gkxq nvBI‡q I Gkxq †ijI‡qi m‡½ mshy³ Kiv, e›`i e¨e¯’vi Dboeqb Ges Mfxi mgy`ªe›`i wbg©vY I ZvÕ Gwkqvi †`k¸‡jvi Rb¨ Db¥y³ Kiv cÖf„wZ Kvh©μg ev¯—evqb Kiv n‡e| XvKvq cvZvj †ij/g‡bv‡ij, mvKz©jvi †ijc_ Ges Gwj‡f‡UW (†`vZjv) iv¯—v wbg©vY K‡i MYcwienb mgm¨vi mgvavb I hvbRUgy³ Kiv n‡e| XvKvi PZzw`©‡K e„ËvKvi (AiweUvj) Rjc_, †ewoeuva, moK, †ijc_ wbg©vY Kiv n‡e| Rjc_wU wbqwgZ †WªwRs K‡i bve¨ ivLvi e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e|

T. Avevmb : 2021 mvj bvMv` mevi Rb¨ evm¯’vb wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| cÖwZwU BDwbqb I Dc‡Rjvq Ô†MÖv_ †m›UviÕ †Kw›`ªK cj−x wbevm I kniv‡j AvaywbK my‡hvM-myweavmn Avevmb M‡o †Zvjvi D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡e|

Z. cwi‡ek : AvenvIqv cwieZ©b I wek¦ Dòvq‡bi Kvi‡Y D™¢~Z wech©q †_‡K evsjv‡`k‡K myi¶vi me©vZ¥K e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡e| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKvwejv, cwiKwíZfv‡e evqy `~lY cÖkgb, wkí I hvbevnbRwbZ cwi‡ek `~lY cÖwZ‡iva Ges weÁvbm¤§Z Dcv‡q eR©¨ e¨e¯’vcbv wbwðZ Kiv n‡e| ebf~wg I Rjvavi msi¶Y Ges b`x fvOb †ivamn wewfboe c`‡¶c MÖnY K‡i evsjv‡`k‡K wbivc` f~L‡Ê cwiYZ Kiv n‡e|

_. cvwbm¤ú` : fwel¨‡Z cvwbm¤ú` msi¶Y, evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvc¨Zv, wnm¨v I h_vh_ e¨envi wbwðZ Ki‡Z we`¨gvb cvwb msKU †gvKvwejvq evsjv‡`k, fviZ, †bcvj I fyUvbmn GKwU mgwš^Z cvwbbxwZ cÖYqb Ges AvÂwjK cvwb wbivcËv M‡o Zzj‡Z evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM D‡`¨vMx f~wgKv MÖnY Ki‡e|

8. wek¦ `iev‡i evsjv‡`k

K. ¯^vaxbZv AR©b : gnvb gyw³hy‡×i †MŠi‡ev¾¡j BwZnvm I ¯^vaxbZvi AR©bmg~‡ni myi¶v Ges cÖwZwU bexb cÖR‡b¥i gvbm MV‡b gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv I †MŠie‡eva mÂvwiZ, ¯^‡`kvbyivM Ges gvby‡li cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv RvMÖZ Kivi j‡¶¨ eûgyLx c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv n‡e| †`k MV‡b I †`k cwiPvjbvq Zi“Y‡`i AskMÖnY, Zv‡`i m„RbkxjZv weKv‡ki m‡e©v”P my‡hvM †`Iqv n‡e|

L. ms¯‹…wZ : evOvwj ms¯‹…wZi Ae¨vnZ weKvk‡K evavgy³ Kiv, Avwew®OEqv, D™¢veb, wkí, mvwnZ¨, wPÎKjv, m½xZ I μxovmn myKzgvi wk‡íi m„Rbkxj weKvk Ges Avš—R©vwZK gvb AR©‡bi gva¨‡g wek¦ mf¨Zvq Avgv‡`i Zi“Yiv hv‡Z Ae`vb ivL‡Z cv‡i †m j‡¶¨ ivóª me©cÖKvi my‡hvM wbwðZ Ki‡e|

M. ciivóª bxwZ : Avš—R©vwZK cwigʇj ÔmKj iv‡óªi m‡½ eÜzZ¡ Kv‡iv m‡½ ˆewiZv bqÕÑ GB g~jbxwZ AbymiY Kiv n‡e|

iƒcKí (wfkb) Abyhvqx KwZcq j¶¨gvÎv

2010 mv‡ji g‡a¨ cÖv_wgK ¯—‡i wbU fwZ©i nvi n‡e 100 kZvsk|

2011 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †`‡ki mKj gvby‡li Rb¨ wbivc` cvwbi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

2012 mv‡ji g‡a¨ evsjv‡`k‡K Lv‡`¨ ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© Kiv n‡e|

2013 mv‡ji g‡a¨ cÖwZwU evwo‡K ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z m¨vwb‡Ukb e¨e¯’vi AvIZvq Avbv n‡e|

2013 mv‡j evwl©K A_©‰bwZK cÖe„w×i nvi n‡e 8 kZvsk| 2017 mv‡j GB nvi 10 kZvs‡k DboexZ K‡i Ae¨vnZ ivLv n‡e|

2013 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡k we`y¨‡Zi mieivn n‡e 7 nvRvi †gMvIqvU Ges 2015 mv‡j 8 nvRvi †gMvIqvU| 2021 mvj bvMv` †`‡ki we`y¨r Pvwn`v 20 nvRvi †gMvIqvU a‡i wb‡q we`y¨r Drcv`b e„w×i h_vh_ c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv n‡e|

2013 mv‡j gva¨wgK ¯—i ch©š— A‰eZwbK wk¶vi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

2014 mv‡j wbi¶iZvgy³ evsjv‡`k M‡o †Zvjv n‡e|

2015 mv‡ji g‡a¨ mKj gvby‡li Rb¨ Avevm‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e|

2021 mv‡j RvZxq Av‡qi eZ©gvb wnm¨v K…wl‡Z 22, wk‡í 28 I †mev‡Z 50 kZvs‡ki cwie‡Z© n‡e h_vμ‡g 15, 40 Ges 45 kZvsk|

2021 mv‡j †eKvi‡Z¡i nvi eZ©gvb 40 †_‡K 15 kZvs‡k †b‡g Avm‡e|

2021 mv‡j K…wl Lv‡Z kªgkw³ 48 kZvsk †_‡K K‡g `uvov‡e 30 kZvs‡k|

2021 mv‡j wk‡í kªgkw³ 16 †_‡K 25 kZvs‡k Ges †mev Lv‡Z 36 †_‡K 45 kZvs‡k DboexZ n‡e|

2021 mvj bvMv` eZ©gvb `vwi‡`ª¨i nvi 45 †_‡K 15 kZvs‡k bvg‡e|

2021 mv‡j Z_¨-cÖhyw³‡Z ÔwWwRUvj evsjv‡`kÕ wn‡m‡e evsjv‡`k cwiwPwZ jvf Ki‡e|

2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †`‡ki 85 kZvsk bvMwi‡Ki gvbm¤úboe cywó Pvwn`v c~iY wbwðZ n‡e|

2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôxi Rb¨ cÖwZw`b b~¨bZg 2122 wK‡jv K¨v‡jvwii E‡aŸ© Lv`¨ wbwðZ Kiv n‡e|

2021 mv‡ji g‡a¨ mKj cÖKvi msμvgK e¨vwa m¤ú~Y© wbg~©j Kiv n‡e|

2021 mv‡j Mo Avqy®‹vj 70-Gi †KvVvq DboexZ Kiv n‡e|

2021 mv‡j wkïg„Zz¨i nvi eZ©gvb nvRv‡i 54 †_‡K Kwg‡q 15 Kiv n‡e|

2021 mv‡j gvZ…g„Zy¨i nvi 3.8 †_‡K K‡g n‡e 1.5 kZvsk|

2021 mv‡j cÖRbb wbqš¿Y e¨env‡ii nvi 80 kZvs‡k DboexZ Kiv n‡e |

NINETH PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS-2008
Election Manifesto of Bangladesh Awami League
A Charter for Change
Bangladesh achieved its independence thirty eight years ago through the supreme sacrifices of thirty lakh Bengalis, three crore displaced people and half a million abused and tortured women. Today, the country stands at the crossroad of history. After a seven year period of misrule and emergency, there is going to be a free, fair and peaceful election to parliament on 29 December 2008
Bangladesh Awami League is proud of its glorious leadership in the liberation war and its upholding of the core principles of nationalism, democracy, secularism, and an equitable society free from exploitation. It may be recalled that the architect of our independence, the greatest Bengali of all time, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was the founder of our Party. Under the bold leadership of Bangabandhu, difficult but successful steps were initiated to reconstruct the war-devastated country and to build a prosperous Bangladesh. But all of a sudden the dastardly assassination of the Father of the Nation, members of his family, and some colleagues on 15th August 1975, and the subsequent killing of four national leaders inside the Dhaka Central Jail on 3rd November, 1975 transformed Bangladesh into a country of military rule and autocratic governance.
The military government and the political parties formed in the cantonment in the aftermath of this change destroyed the spirit of the freedom struggle and the promise of a secular, democratic, equitable and prosperous Bangladesh. The rape of the democratic constitution, rehabilitation of war criminals and religious fanatics, criminalization of politics and promotion of militancy, institutionalization of corruption, and the sway of black money and muscle power overtook the post-Bangabandhu governments.
The people of Bangladesh were, however, only temporarily defeated but not vanquished and the heroic struggle of the people and the martyrdom of many resulted, after 21 long years, in the formation of a government by the daughter of Bangabandhu, Sheikh Hasina through the power of the ballot exercised on 12th June 1996.

Achievements of Bangladesh Awami League (1996-2001)
A glorious chapter replete with successes was written during the five year rule of Awami League from 1996-2001. In only five years, Bangladesh attained self sufficiency in food production. Prices remained within the purchasing capacity of the people. Inflation came down to 1.59 percent. Meanwhile, the growth rate of the economy increased to 6.2 percent. The treaty on the water sharing of the river Ganges, the peace accord in Chittagong Hill Tracts, recognition of 21st February as international mother language day, election to the UN Security Council, sub-regional cooperation through the formation of D-8, BIMSTEC and the Association for Asian Parliamentarian for Peace (AAPP) bestowed on Bangladesh a new position of prestige and importance in the global arena.
Various initiatives taken for alleviation of poverty resulted in the reduction of poverty from an annual average of .50 to 1.50 percent, while the human poverty indicator came down from 41.6 percent to 32 percent. Achieving growth of 56 percentage points in the UN Human Development Index (HDI) in five years was a record. Increase of literacy rate to 65 percent, formulation of an education policy and the removal of session backlogs in educational institutions were significant achievements in the educational front.
Incredible success was also achieved in the electricity and power, and transport and communication sectors. In only five years, production of 1,800 megawatt of electricity raising the total output to 4300 megawatt, increase in gas production and exploration, completion of the Jamuna Bridge; construction of 62,000 kilometers of paved and unpaved roads and building of 19,000 bridges and culverts vastly improved the country’s overall infrastructure.
Internal savings increased from 14.7 percent of national income to 18 percent over the five year period and the rate of investment increased from 20 percent to 23.1 percent. During the Awami League rule, 1 lakh 22 thousand small and medium size industries were established. Millions of job opportunities for the unemployed were created through facilitating private investment. One community clinic for every six thousand people was established at govvernment initiative. Withdrawal of taxes and duties on medical equipment encouraged setting up of clinics and hospitals in the private sector. By abolishing monopoly in the mobile telephone sector and making mobile phones available to everyone at low prices and increasing access to information technology by reducing import duties, the Awami League government made it possible for Bangladesh to enter the digital age.
Rule of law and establishment of human rights were ensured by repealing the infamous indemnity ordinance, bringing to trial the killers of Bangabandhu and the four national leaders and by establishing the Law Commission. The Public Administration Reform Commission (PARC) was formed to establish good governance in the country. A progressive women’s development policy was also formulated. In the parliament, the Prime Minister’s Question hour was introduced and the Parliamentary Committees were activated and strengthened by appointing members as chairmen of parliamentary committees replacing the ministers. Necessary laws were passed to decentralize power through establishing a four tier local government system. Various steps were taken to bring back the spirit of the liberation war and the glory of freedom movement and a regeneration of Bengali culture. During the five year rule of Awami League, the country had effectively turned around and transformed itself into a land of immense possibilities. The Awami League’s five year rule will go down in the annals of history as nothing short of a golden period.
Corruption and Misgovernance of BNP-Jamat Alliance Government
Bangladesh in a critical state
The five-year misrule of the BNP-Jamat alliance government did away with all the promises generated by the Awami League government. The situation in Bangladesh became grim both politically and economically. There was a phenomenal rise of terrorism.An assassination attempt was made on the Leader of the Opposition Sheikh Hasina on 21st August, 2004 ostensibly under government tutelage that resulted in the murder of 24 party leaders and workers, including a women leader Mrs. Ivy Rahman. BNP-Jamat Alliance and its criminal cronies killed 21,000 leaderss and workers of the Awami League including former Finance Minister and Member of Parliament, SAMS Kibria; labour leader and Member of Parliament, Ahsanullah Master; Advocate Monzurul Imam and Momtazuddin. Hundreds of thousands of Awami League supporters and members of the minority community became victims of political vengeance of the BNP-Jamat alliance.
Criminal syndicates were organized under the patronage of the infamous Hawa Bhaban combine. Thousands of women and girls became victims of rape. Teachers, students, journalists, intellectuals, women and children, businessmen – no group of people could escape the clutches of the fascist forces. People’s lives became absolutely insecure. With support from the government, extreme communal militancy was born and serial grenade and bomb attacks and murders turned Bangladesh into a haven of extremist terrorism. Meanwhile, extra-judicial killings became a norm, and the rule of law disappeared. Bangladesh was then being described as a failed state.
During the five year rule of the BNP-Jamat alliance, prices of food and other essential commodities rose beyond the reach of the common people. Commodity prices increased by 100 to 200 percent. Inflation increased from 1.59 during Awami League rule to over 10 percent during the BNP-Jamat alliance government. On the other hand, the average growth rate of 5.6 percent achieved during the Awami League rule declined to 5.1 percent. Though the population increased by more than one crore, food production decreased to 2 crore 61 lakh tons from the 2 crore 68 1akh tons annually produced during Awami League rule.
Poverty levels again increased to 45 percent and the population planning stagnated. Income disparity between the poor and the rich increased. During the last seven years, an additional one crore twenty lakh people slipped below the poverty line. Both domestic and foreign investment decreased. Though BNP-Jamat combine came to power on the slogan of jihad against corruption, criminalisation and corruption became the policy of the government. Under the leadership of the son of the Prime Minister, criminal godfathers became extremely influential. The Hawa Bhaban became a parallel centre of state power and the source of all corruption and militancy.
The incredibly high levels of corruption and misuse of power by the Ministers of the BNP-Jamaat alliance; the members of Parliament and the leaders and workers of the alliance as well as a very politicised administration drove Bangladesh to the top of the list of the world’s most corrupt nations, where it remained for five successive years.
Governmental corruption, inefficiency and mismanagement led to failure in development. The power crisis became unbearable but the government failed to add a single megawatt of electricity to the national power grid during its entire five year term. In the power sector alone, Taka twenty thousand crore was misused or stolen. Due to the extreme shortfall in the production of power, education and agricultural sectors faced an acute crisis. When farmers took to the streets demanding uninterrupted power supply at Kansat, some twenty of them were shot and killed.
An all-pervasive stagnation prevailed in the education, health, communication and women’s development sectors. The alliance government politicized the administration, police, armed forces, judiciary, universities, public service commission, and all other government and many non-governmental organizations. Hundreds of civil, military and police officers were dismissed from service or given forced retirement. At the same time, irregular appointments and promotion were given to corrupt and inefficient personnel who were party loyalists. Leakage of public service examination question papers became a norm to facilitate recruitment of party cadres.
The constitution was amended and the retirement age of the judges of the appellate division of the Supreme Court was extended by two years with the ultimate objective of appointing a party loyalist who would then serve as the Chief Advisor of the Caretaker government. By appointing inefficient and corrupt people as judges, the prestige of the judiciary and its status as a bastion of fairness and justice were destroyed. BNP-Jamaat alliance government made the Parliament ineffective and destroyed all democratic institutions. The opposition members of Parliament were not allowed to speak, the permanent committees ceased to function effectively, and democratic practices were trampled under brute majority enjoyed by the then government.
The Election Commission was turned into a loyalist organ and election engineering was resorted to so that the BNP-Jamaat alliance could win the election due in January 2007, and permanently enjoy power. Disregarding the constitution and the judgment of the Supreme Court, a voters list was prepared which added12.3 million fake voters. Three hundred party loyalists were appointed as Upazilla election officers. Stealing of people’s voting rights and election engineering were taken to such a level that the whole electoral process lost its credibility.
Caretaker Regime (October 2006-November 2008)
The BNP-Jamaat alliance government faced strong resistance from the public while trying to transfer power to loyalists. At the very end of their rule, they killed 70 leaders and workers of Awami League throughout the country. In its effort to come back to power, the BNP-Jamaat combine began implementing its blue print. Violating constitutional provisions Begum Zia’s puppet President lajuddin Ahmed formed a Caretaker government appointing himself as Chief Advisor. Chief Adviser Iajuddin could never rise above party interests and four of his Advisers resigned in protest against his indecision and duplicity. He failed to create conditions for a free and fair election and faced people’s resistance. At a critical juncture, on 11 January 2007, Emergency was declared in the country. Prof Iajuddin admitted his guilt and resigned from the position of Chief Advisor. With popular support, a new Caretaker government was formed under the leadership of Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed with behind the scene support of the armed forces. Under the Emergency political activities were banned for an indefinite period.
Meanwhile, the tenure of the present Caretaker government has crossed nearly two years. The government has been ruling the country with various limitations, weaknesses, lapses as well as some successes. This government has separated the judiciary from the executive, reformed the Election Commission, Public Service Commission, Anti-Corruption Commission etc. Another positive step taken by this government was the preparation of a voters’ list with photograph. Our armed forces have earned people’s admiration for accomplishing this task with great efficiency. The caretaker government has also reformed the electoral laws and procedure.
The forthcoming parliamentary elections have created an opportunity for the re-establishment of democracy and inspired hopes for rapid socio-economic development mainly by providing good governance and people’s participation. In this context Bangladesh Awami League declares its election manifesto with the promise of change by making our dear motherland a country free from hunger and poverty, illiteracy, corruption and militancy. We believe that the right to vote and the right to food hold the key to the alleviation of poverty.

Our Promise, Work Programme and Declaration
Awami League’s Vision 2021
Awami League is committed to freeing Bangladesh from its current state of crisis and building a country whose citizens are able to live prosperous and happy lives. The year 2021 will mark the golden jubilee of Bangladesh’s independence, while the year 2020 will be the hundredth anniversary of the birth of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. We envision a democratic system where people choose their government freely and get services from it without hassle, enjoy freedom from fear and intolerance, live with dignity; where every citizen is assured of social justice, environmental protection, human rights and equal opportunities; and where the rule of law and good governance flourish. We envision a liberal, progressive and democratic welfare state. Simultaneously we envision a Bangladesh which by 2020/2021, will be a middle income country where poverty will be drastically reduced; where our citizens will be able to meet every basic need and where development will be on fast track, with ever-increasing rates of growth. Towards that goal, Bangladesh Awami League will frame a strategy paper, at the core of which will be the promise of change. This strategy paper will contain both mid-term and long term plans.
Bangladesh Awami League is placing before the nation the following set of election promises, work schedule and declaration in the light of its Vision 2021, and in the context of problems the country is facing as well as the existing global financial crisis. This election manifesto has been prepared keeping in mind the 31-point election reform program of 15th July 2005, the 23-point common minimum program of 14 Party Alliance on 22nd November, 2005 and the experience and realities of the past seven years. Considering the existing politico-socio-economic crisis, five subjects have been given priority:
Five Priority Issues
1. In The Face Of Global Financial Crisis, Maintenance Of Economic Stability And Control Over Commodity Price Hike
i. Commodity Price Hike: Measures will be taken to reduce the unbearable burden of price hike and keep it in tune with the purchasing power of the people. After giving the highest priority to the production of domestic commodities, arrangements will be made for timely import to ensure food security. A multi-prong drive will be made to control prices along with monitoring the market. Hoarding and profiteering syndicates will be eliminated. Extortion will be stopped. An institution for commodity price control and consumer protection will be set up. Above all, price reduction and stability will be achieved by bringing equilibrium between demand and supply of commodities.
ii. Global Financial Crisis: It is necessary to urgently form a task force which will devise a policy to save Bangladesh from global meltdown, develop a comprehensive information center, continually monitor national and global situations and provide prompt advice to help take necessary decisions. Necessary steps would be taken for investment promotion, energy security, retaining and enhancing domestic demand, safeguarding value of money, assisting exports and continuing export of manpower.
2. Effective Action against Corruption: Multi-pronged measures to fight corruption will be put into place. Powerful people will have to submit wealth statement annually. Strict measures will be taken to eliminate bribe, extortion, rent seeking and corruption. Strong measures will be taken against those having unearned and black money, against loan defaulters, tender manipulators, and users of muscle power in every stage of state and society. State or private monopoly will be broken up. Discretionary power of officials will be curtailed. To establish peoples’ right, citizens’ charter will be introduced in every department. Opportunities for corruption will be eliminated or minimized through widespread computerization.
3. Power and Energy:
i. A comprehensive long term policy on electricity and energy will be adopted. Economic usage of oil, gas, coal, hydro power, wind power and solar energy will be ensured. Big and small power generation stations, coal extraction, and oil and gas exploration will be given priority. Under a three year crash program quick implementation of ongoing and under consideration power generation stations, import of electricity from neighboring countries, arranging 100/150 megawatt gas turbine projects on urgent basis, and the reactivation of the past AL initiatives for constructing 10, 20 and 30 megawatt power stations will be undertaken. A schedule for repair, maintenance and overhauling or salvaging of old power stations will be made to increase and stabilize power production. Supply of gas and LPG will be increased. The Rooppur Nuclear Power Project will be implemented.
In the next three years or by 2011 power production will be increased to 5000 megawatt and by 2013 it will be further increased to 7000 megawatt.
ii. Priority will be given to exploration and exploitation of oil and new gas fields. Arrangements will be made to supply gas in the north and western regions of the country. Supply of gas and LPG will be significantly increased.
iii. A Coal Policy will be formulated safeguarding national interest. Special initiatives will be taken to ensure economic use of the coal available so far and also to develop coal-based power plants. Priorities will be given to the exploration and exploitation of new coal fields and other mineral resources.
4. Elimination of Poverty and Inequity: The following strategy and aims will be followed for socio-economic development.
i. The main strategy of poverty reduction will center on bringing vibrancy in agriculture and rural life. Social safety net will be extended for the ultra-poor. By 2013 poverty level and proportion of ultra-poor will be brought down to 25% and 15% respectively. At present there are 65 million poor people in the country. This number will be reduced to 45 million by 2013 and will further come down to 22 million in 2021. In order to achieve this objective, among other steps will be the revival of previously adopted projects such as “one house, one farm”, rural housing, ideal village and returning homes. The number of recipients of old age allowance and destitute women allowance would, at the least, be doubled. Employment Banks will encourage young entrepreneurs by supplying necessary capital. Revision of the just formulated PRSP will be undertaken after a thorough evaluation within six months of assuming office.
ii. Employment guidelines: A comprehensive employment guideline will be formulated aiming at poverty reduction, solving unemployment problem and making citizens’ lives meaningful. The core components of the guidelines will be: a. creating employment opportunities in rural economy b. providing credit and training for self-employment c. creating employment opportunities for wage-labour in industries d. promoting sub-contracting arrangements between big and small & medium scale industries and e. providing special training arrangements for facilitating export of labour. The number of unemployed people in the country, estimated at 28 million, will be reduced to 24 million by 2013 and will be further reduced to 15 million by 2021.
5. Establishment of Good Governance:
i. Terrorism and religious extremism will be controlled with iron hand. Trial of war criminals will be arranged.
ii. Genuine independence and impartiality of the judiciary will be ensured. Extrajudicial killings will be stopped. The judgment of the Bangabandhu murder case will be made effective and the retrial of jail killings will be held. Trial of real criminals responsible for the grenade attack of the 21st August, 2004 through proper investigation will be arranged. Rule of law will be established, The Human Rights Commission will be strengthened and made effective, and an Ombudsman will be appointed. Human rights will be strictly enforced.
iii. The on-going reform programme of the Election Commission and electoral system will continue. The Parliament will be made effective and the government will be made accountable for all its activities. Wealth statement and source of income of the Prime Minister, members of cabinet, Parliament members and of their family members will be made public every year. Except for some specific subjects related to the security of the state, Parliament members will be allowed to express differing opinions.
iv. Use of religion and communalism in politics will be banned. Security and rights of religious and ethnic minorities will be ensured. Courtesy and tolerance will be inculcated in the political culture of the country. Militancy and extortion will be banned. Awami League will take initiative to formulate a consensual and unanimous charter of political behavior.
v. Opportunities will be created for the expatriate Bangladeshis to take part in national reconstruction and their right to franchise will be ensured. Special initiatives will be taken to attract expatriate’s remittance in productive investment. A consultancy network will be developed to fruitfully use expatriate’s talents.
vi. Administration will be free from politicization and will be pro-people. Efficiency, seniority and merit will be the basis of appointment and promotion in public service. Administrative reform, right to information and e-governance will be introduced. A permanent Pay Commission will be set up for civil servants.
vii. In order to provide security to every citizen of the country, police and other law and order enforcing agencies will be kept above political influence. These forces will be modernized to meet the demands of the time. Necessary steps will be taken to increase their remuneration and other welfare facilities including accommodation.
viii. Rangpur will be made a new administrative division.

Other Important Programs
6. Local Government: Union, Upazilla and District Councils will be strengthened through decentralization of power. District Councils will be transformed into centres for implementation of programmes on education and health and all other development plans, and programmes, and for maintenance of law and order Every union will be made the headquarter for development and administration of the area and be developed as a planned rural township. And every Upazilla headquarter will be developed as an industrial growth centre and a planned township.
The power and sphere of responsibility of City Corporation and municipalities will be enhanced; the standard and quality of civic facilities will be improved.
7. Agriculture And Rural Development:
i. Our main aim is to ensure “food for all” by taking all possible measures and to make Bangladesh self-sufficient in food by 2013. Subsidy for agricultural inputs will be enhanced and availability of inputs will be made easier. The amount of agricultural loan will be increased and the lending procedure simplified. Incentives will be provided for development of rural warehousing. Fair price for all crops and agricultural products will be ensured. Efforts will be made to attain self-sufficiency in the production of fish, milk, egg, livestock and salt. Efforts will be directed to exporting surplus products after meeting domestic requirement.
ii. Loan for share croppers will be made available, employment facilities for farm labourer will be created and they will be brought under rural rationing system.
iii. Appropriate measures to face the challenges of globalization will be taken, including developing commercial agriculture, use of genetic engineering methods and development of nonagricultural sector in villages. In order to increase agricultural production, special emphasis will be placed on modernization of agriculture, innovation of technology and expansion of facilities for research in agriculture.
iv. Village development will include provision of urban facilities and distribution of Khas land among landless farmers. Efforts will be taken to ensure that lease of khas ponds/haors is given to genuine fishermen. All land records will be computerized and a land reform commission will be formed to ensure increased production and social justice in the distribution of land and water bodies.
v. Measures will be taken to reclaim land in the coastal areas.
8. Environment and Water Resources: An integrated policy and plan will be formulated to protect the country from the adverse effects of global warming; to create pollution free environment and to save water resources. Projects will be undertaken for river dredging, water conservation, flood control, prevention of river erosion and protection of forestry. Attempts will also be made for restoring and maintaining ecological balance. Initiatives will be taken to implement the Ganges barrage project to expand irrigation facilities, prevent salinity and to solve the problem of scarcity of sweet water in the Sundarban region.
Effective regional and international co-operation will be sought for environmental protection and development of water resources. Modern scientific methods will be adopted to prevent water and air pollution and in the disposal of waste.
9. Commerce and Industry:
i. Short, medium and long term plans will be made and implemented for poverty reduction, efficient management for quick industrialization that can provide employment, speedy expansion of stock market, maintenance of law & order and discipline, elimination of bribe and corruption and administrative difficulties, avoidance of political influence, creation of an investment friendly environment and a competitive market system, adoption of innovative technology, and provision of infrastructural facilities that are able to attract entrepreneurs and expand domestic market.
ii. In order to encourage investment by local and foreign entrepreneurs and expatriate Bangladeshis, the ONE-STOP facility will be made effective by simplifying legal and procedural formalities. Measures will be put in place to protect indigenous industries.
iii. Development of IT industry, strengthening of RMG and textile sectors and expansion of food processing, pharmaceuticals, leather, chemical products, toys, jewelry and furniture industries will be given priority. Special initiative will be taken for alternative use of jute and to make jute industry viable. Small and handicraft industries and agro-based industry will be encouraged and will be given all cooperation in the expansion of markets at home and abroad. Expansion in tourism sector, increase in labor export, and investment of remittance received from expatriate Bangladeshis in productive sectors will be ensured.
iv. Assistance will be provided for expansion of small, medium and cottage industries. Special incentives will be given to weavers, blacksmiths and clay potters. Weaving industry will be given protection and silk, benarasi and jamdani villages will be set up.
10. Human Resources Development
i. Education and Science: In order to ensure human resources development, the highest budgetary allocation will be given to education, science and information technology sectors. An education policy meeting the needs of the time will be framed keeping these in view. Net enrollment at primary level will be increased to 100% by 2011 and by 2017 the country will be rid of the curse of illiteracy. Improvement in the quality of education, depoliticisation of educational institutions, and ensuring a higher salary scale for teachers will be ensured. A permanent Pay Commission and a separate Service Commission will be instituted for teachers. Education up to graduation level will be provided free of cost in phases.
ii. In order to encourage female education the opportunity for free education along with scholarship will continue.
iii. Educational institutions will be rid of terrorism and session backlogs. Science and technology education will be especially encouraged. Madrasa education will be reoriented to develop productive skills and knowledge for the real world. Scope of science education and research will be expanded. Particular care will be taken in cases of disadvantaged pupils.
iv. More government secondary schools will be set up in the capital in phases. The govt. secondary schools located at every district headquarter will be developed and expanded and government. secondary schools will be established at every Upzilla headquarter in phases.
v. Information and communication technology: The potentials of ICT sector will be realized. Software industry and IT services will be developed by providing all possible assistance to talented young people and interested entrepreneurs. This measure will increase export and promote employment opportunities. Our vision is to make Bangladesh digital in 2021. IT education will be made compulsory at secondary level by 2013 and at primary level by 2021. The task force on ICT that was established during the Awami League rule but rendered ineffective by the BNP-Jamat Alliance will be reactivated. High-tech park, software technology park, ICT incubator and computer villages will be set up at suitable locations in the country.
vi. Welfare of the disabled: The Disabled Welfare Act passed by Awami League in 2000 will be updated and implemented. Special steps will be taken to facilitate education, employment, movement and communication of the disabled and to enhance their social dignity.
11. Health and Family Welfare:
i. In order to ensure health facilities to every citizen of the country, the health policy of the erstwhile Awami League government will be reevaluated and adjusted according to the demands of the time. In the light of this policy, 18000 community clinics, established during Awami League rule, will be commissioned. Nutrition to children and mothers’ welfare will be ensured. The Population Policy will be updated. And accordingly birth control and reproductive health care will be ensured.
ii. The arsenic problem will be tackled and measures will be taken to supply pure drinking water for all by 2011 and to provide sanitation facility in every house by 2013.
iii. An appropriate pharmaceutical policy to bring self- sufficiency in the production of medicines of international standard and to promote their export will be formulated. Concurrently, effective measures will be taken for education in traditional medicine and improvement of the quality of traditional medicine.
12. Empowerment of Women and Child Welfare:
In order to ensure women’s empowerment and equality in rights and opportunities, the Women Development Policy formulated by Awami League in 1997 will be revived. The number of reserved seats for women by direct election in the Parliament will be increased to 100. Necessary measures will be taken for appointment of women in senior posts in the administration and in all spheres of employment. Strictest legal measures will be taken to stop oppression of women. Discriminatory laws against the interest of women will be rectified.
13. Welfare of Children and the Juvenile: Child labor will be gradually abolished in all sectors. Use of children in political and other activities through coercion or enticement will be prohibited. In keeping with the UN convention on children’s rights, adequate measures will be taken for developing their physical and mental capacity and for their nutrition and entertainment.

14. Youth and Employment:
i. A comprehensive employment policy will be developed setting targets for employment enshrining i. agricultural employment, ii. Off-farm activities in rural areas, iii. Self-employment and income generating activities, iv. Urban service employment, v. wage employment in industry, VI. Employment in infra-structure development, vii. Employment abroad and necessary training for it and viii. Employment of youth and students.
ii. An employment guarantee scheme will gradually be made effective to provide 100 days employment to one youth per family. All citizens able to work will be registered. A project will be undertaken for young men and women with HSC degrees for appointment in the “national service” for two years.
15. Communication and Infrastructure
I. Appropriate policy and project implementation will be undertaken in transport, road building, housing, and port development and construction sectors. An extensive road network in each district will connect villages, unions, upazillas and the district headquarter.
II. Appropriate measures will be taken to construct the Padma and Karnaphuli bridge/tunnel, Dhaka-Chittagong four- lane express way, and expansion and modernization of the railway.
III. Rail and road connection with neighboring countries under the Asian Rail and Highways schemes will be established.
IV. Dredging of every big and small river will be undertaken and measures will be taken to maintain their navigability throughout the year. River routs will be improved and river transportation system will be modernized to facilitate safe and cost effective transportation of cargo and passengers.
V. Construction of deep sea ports and modernization of Chittagong and Mongla ports and opening them up to all of Asia will be taken up.
VI. Bangladesh Biman will be restructured to enable it to operate on commercial & profitable basis. Aviation services in the private sector will be encouraged. Modern airports of international standard will be constructed to facilitate air transportation linking Bangladesh with the world.
VII. Telecommunication facilities will be extended upto rural villages. All Upazilas will be brought under internet communication system in the next five years.
VIII. Railway will be given importance and new rail lines will be installed as it maintains communication link with the capital and provides cheaper transportation.
Underground railway, mono or circular rail and navigable river route around Dhaka will be constructed to the solve the public transportation problem and traffic jam in the capital.
16. Labor Policy:
i. National labour policy will be reevaluated and corrected. Discrepancy in wages between male and female workers will be removed. National minimum wage will be refixed and a permanent wage board will be formed. To meet international demand, tradewise training will be given to produce and export skilled manpower. As per ILO convention, the right to trade union will be granted.
ii. Rationing system will be introduced for all labourers including garment worker, ultra poor and rural landless farm labourer, as special consideration.
17. Freedom Struggle and Freedom Fighters:
i. Continuous efforts will be made for the realization of the dream and commitment of liberation war. Dignity and status of the freedom fighters, who are the greatest sons of the nation, will be restored. And in state recognition of their contribution to the nation, steps will be taken to increase their alliance, particularly of the distressed freedom fighters. Arrangements will be made to provide then old-age subsistence allowance and free health care service. Quota in jobs and educational institutions for the children of freedom fighters will continue. As honourable citizens, the freedom fighters will be given the privilege of travel by rail, bus, and river free of cost.
ii. Construction of the Victory Monument in the Suhrawardy Udyan will be completed according to the original plan. Special work programme will be undertaken all over the country to preserve the memory of the war of liberation and to portray its real history. All over the country, slain field and mass graves of the liberation war period will be identified, the names and identities of the martyrs will be collected and memorials in their honour will be built.
18. Religious Minorities, Disadvantaged People and Underdeveloped Areas
i. Terrorism, discriminatory treatment and human rights violations against religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous people must come to an end permanently. Security of their life, wealth and honor will be guaranteed. Their entitlement to equal opportunity in all spheres of state and social life will be ensured. Special measures will be taken to secure their original ownership on land, water bodies, and their age-old rights on forest areas. In addition, a land commission will be formed. All laws and other arrangements discriminatory to minorities, indigenous people and ethnic groups will be repealed. Special privileges will be made available in educational institutions for religious minorities and indigenous people. Such special privileges will also apply for their employment.
ii. The 1997 Chittagong Hill Tract Peace Accord will be fully implemented. More efforts will be directed toward the development of underdeveloped tribal areas, and special programmes on priority basis will be taken to secure their rights and to preserve their language, literature, culture, and unique lifestyles.
19. Freedom of mass media and information
19.1 The freedom of all types of mass media and flow of information will be ensured. Initiatives will be taken for community radio services, besides national radio network.
19.2 Investigation and trial of assassination of all journalists will be made expeditiously and the real criminals will be given exemplary punishment. Persecution and intimidation of journalists will be stopped. All false cases against them will be withdrawn.
19.3 Discrimination in distribution of advertisements on partisan consideration shall be discontinued, and development of the newspaper as an industry will be aided.
20. Defence
20.1 Bangladesh Awami League will keep the armed forces above all controversies with a view to building it up as a patriotic, brave, efficient and invincible force. The defence system will be improved for the security of the people and the country. A National Defence Policy will be formulated.
20.2 The principle of competence, merit, fitness and seniority will be strictly followed for recruitment, appointment and promotion. Autonomy, as consistent with the Constitution, will be granted in matters of internal discipline, administration and management. Welfare oriented projects will be undertaken for the members of the defence forces.
20.3 Steps will be taken so that our defence and the police forces can participate more widely in the U. N. Peace-keeping Force and make further contribution to international peace.
21. Culture and Sports
21.1 The State will provide necessary assistance for preservation of the secular and democratic tradition of Bengali culture as well as further improvement of Bengali language and literature, music, arts and all branches of creative works and fine arts.
The International Mother Language Institute Project undertaken by the Awami League Government earlier (199602001) will be reactivated.
21.2 Creation of social awareness, scientific and liberal outlook will be emphasized with a view to resisting communalism and narrow mindedness.
21.3 Laws repugnant to Quran and Sunnah shall not be made. Due respect will be shown to the principles and values of all religions.
21.4 Sports: Sports arena and organizations shall be depoliticized. Improvement of management, training and facilities shall be made for enhancing the standards of sports to international levels. Sports and exercise for physical and mental development of the children, the adolescent and the young shall be made compulsory for all education institutions.
22. Government and NGO
The non-government organizations shall be free to manage themselves in accordance with their own internal rules subject to compliance with the laws of the country. The NGOs shall not take part in politics. Transparency and accountability of their income /
receipts and expenditures shall have to be ensured. \
23. Foreign Policy
a. Bangladesh will take an active role in the preservation of world peace. An independent foreign policy will be pursued in adherence to the principles of “Friendship with all and malice towards none.” Friendly relationship will be maintained with India, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar, our neighboring countries, in the context of further strengthening cooperation with all. Regional and sub-regional cooperation will be further strengthened including relationship with the member countries of SAARC, BIMSTEC and D-8.
b. Development cooperation will be deepened and expanded with the developed countries including USA, European Union, Japan and Canada. Friendly relations will be strengthened with Russia, China and the member states of ASEAN.
c. Initiatives will be taken for enhancing and deepening relationship with Australia and the Pacific countries.
d. Fraternal relationship with the countries of the Middle East including Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Palestine, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait as well as Turkey, Malaysia and Indonesia will be maintained. Solidarity with the Muslim Ummah and economic cooperation within the framework of OIC will be enhanced. Steps will be taken for establishing fruitful relationship with the countries of Africa and South America.
e. A South Asian Task Force will be formed for meeting the challenge of terrorism and militancy.
The image and prestige of Bangladesh will be retrieved and improved in the international arena.

Call to the People of Bangladesh
Dear countrymen,
You are aware that the activities of the past governments have now placed our dear motherland in a critical state. The people do not wish to return to the days of poor governance of the kind they have seen under the BNP-Jamaat Alliance. The people want a country free of terrorism and corruption; they want a just and progressive society. They want to see Bangladesh move towards steady development and good governance.
Bangladesh Awami League, therefore, wants not only a mere change of power. We are determined to salvage the country from its present critical state and to transform it into a land of real democracy with rule of law, having food security, rapid development and peaceful existence. With this end in view we are presenting our long term vision for the nation as well as an implementable five year work plan with specific targets and strategies.
We believe that the invaluable experience that Bangladesh Awami League gained in administering the country (during the 1996-2001 term) can be utilized with great efficiency, honesty and commitment to take the country forward.
We dedicate our Vision-2021 to the young generation, who are enrolled as voters this year for the first time, with the aim of building a bright future for them. In order to prepare ourselves to face the challenges of globalization in this 21st century, we want to utilize the immense potentials of our new generation of voters. We have formulated our Election Manifesto and work programme for them.
We believe the successful implementation of this work programme and Vision-2021 depends on our young generations’ active participation and involvement in the process.
By implementing this Manifesto with the collective efforts of the entire nation, we will present a bright and successful future to the new generation. We call upon them to participate in this great endeavour of national reconstruction and build a bright future for themselves and as well as successive generations.
Dear Countrymen
If Awami League is voted to rule the country, we will bring back peace and trust in your life by reducing the price of daily essentials.
We call upon you to forget past differences and disputes and, in the spirit of our glorious struggle for freedom, work unitedly in this fight for change. Let us put a permanent end to persecution, deprivation, inequity, and mis-governance. Let us construct a just and democratic society and build a happy, prosperous, golden Bengal.
We seek the help and blessings of the Almighty in our endeavours.
Joy Bangla.
Joy Bangabandhu.
Long live Bangladesh.

ANNEXURE
The vision of Awami League for resolution of crisis and a prosperous future
(Vision 2021)
Bangladesh as we want to see in 2021
1. Caretaker Government, Democracy & Effective Parliament
*Democracy and strong democratic institutions will be established for holding reliable election at regular intervals, accountability of government and effective Parliament. All necessary steps will be taken for making Parliament effective.
2. Political framework, Decentralization of Power & People’s Participation
*Local government will be given due importance with a view to effecting radical change of the political system. The local government institutions will play a critical role in development programmes. Self-reliant local self-government institutions will be established at upazila and zila levels to this end.
3. Good governance through establishing Rule of Law and avoiding Political Partisanship
*Human rights will be established on a strong footing with a view to ensuring rule of law. Independence of the judiciary will be ensured and the Institutions of the State and Administration will be freed from partisan influence. The basis of appointment and promotion will be merit, efficiency, seniority, honesty and loyalty to the Republic; political connection will have no relevance.
4. Transformation of political culture
*Terrorism, corruption and use of religion for politics will be stopped. Steps appropriate to the time will be taken to establish democratic principles in the political parties, transparency of political funding, civility and tolerance.
5. A society free from corruption
*The institutions of the State will be made more effective along with the independent and strong Anti-corruption Commission for curbing corruption. Social resistance to corruption will be promoted along side legal steps. All possible steps will be taken to stop corruption such as Charter of Citizens’ Rights, Right to Information, Computerization of Official Documents, and Decentralization of Power.
6. Empowerment and Equal Rights for Women
*The Women’s Policy of 1997 will be revived for ensuring equal right and access for women to the state and social space; laws which discriminate against women will be amended; and 100 seats will be reserved for women for direct election.
7. Economic Development & Initiative
a. Meeting basic needs: With a view to providing food, clothing, shelter, education and health care to the citizens in accordance with Article 15 of the Constitution, gross domestic product will be raised to 8% by 2013 and 10% by 2021 which will be sustained thereafter.
b. Population and labour force: Population in 2021 is estimated at 165 million, and labour force at 105 million. Programmes will be taken up for employment of 85% of the work force.
c. Alleviation of poverty: We aim not at reduction of poverty, but removal of poverty, to which end we shall try to achieve the Millennium Goals declared by UN by 2015, and by 2017 latest. Beginning in 2021, poverty will be reduced to 15% from 45% now progressively. Poverty will rise from 45 million now to 65 million in 2021, and then fall to 25 million in 2021. Sustainable safety net will be established for the extreme poor until poverty is removed.
d. Food & nutrition: Food deficit will be removed and self-reliance in food production achieved by 2012, which will enable us to meet the nutrition needs of 85% of the population.
e. Health Care: By 2021, minimum daily intake of 2122 kilo calories of food, elimination of contagious disease, primary health care and sanitation for all will be ensured. Average longevity will be increased to seventy years, and efforts will be made for the reduction of child and maternal mortality.
f. Education: Enrolment at the primary level will be increased to 100 percent net by 2010. Elimination of illiteracy by 2014, improvement in the quality of education, creation of a generation educated in science and technology, make degree level education free by 2013 and ensuring higher salary for teachers are the other educational goals.
g. Industry: A strong foundation for industrialization will be established by 2021. Contribution of the industrial sector to national GDP will be doubled. Primacy will be given to agro and labour intensive industries and the highest emphasis will be given to information technology sector. The investment policy will be geared to implementing a strategy attracting both domestic and foreign investment.
h. Energy Security: An energy policy will be adopted tapping all sources of traditional and non-traditional energy to ensure accelerated rate of economic development and industrialization. A three year crash programme will be taken up to meet the existing crisis. By 2015, electricity production will be increased to 8000 megawatt. By 2021, demand for electircity is projected to increase to 20,000 megawatt. We will take all possible actions aiming at enhancing our generation capacity. To increase gas production, regular survey of gas resources and work on well development will be undertaken. To meet energy demand, efforts will be undertaken for regional energy security through mutual cooperation in addition to exploring internal sources.
i. Infrastructural Development: Road, rail, river and air transport and telecommunication systems will be expanded. Construction of bridge, tunnel for Padma and Karnaphuli rivers, connecting Bangladesh with Asian Highway and Asian Railway, improvement of port facilities, building of a deep sea port to open up Bangladesh ports to countries of Asia will be implemented. In Dhaka, construction of metro tunnel, elevated rail and circular rail to remove traffic jams and to solve public transport problems will be studied forthwith in order to undertake a feasible project. The project will then be implemented on a priority basis
j. Housing: By 2015, housing for all will be ensured. In every union and upazila, ‘growth center’ centric village housing and in towns housing with modern amenities will be implemented.
k. Environment: All measures will be taken to protect Bangladesh– including planned migration abroad– from the adverse effects of climate change and global warming. Facing natural calamities, planned reduction of air pollution, prevention of industry and transport related air pollution and disposal of waste in scientific manner will be ensured. Steps will be taken to make Bangladesh an ecologically attractive place through retention of forests and water bodies and prevention of river erosion.
l. Water Resources: Bangladesh Awami League will take the initiative to formulate a comprehensive regional water policy along with India, Nepal and Bhutan for regional water security. In addition, in keeping with a comprehensive water police, articulated earlier by Bangladesh Awami League, measures will be taken for development of our water resources and their rational use.
8. Bangladesh in the Global Arena
a. Achievments of liberation: Multi-pronged measures will be taken to uphold the glorious history and the fruits of liberation, to energize the new generation with the spirit of liberation struggle, patriotism and love for humanity. Highest priority will be given to development of innovative spirit of the younger generations and opportunity will be provided for them to participate in nation building activities.
b. Culture: Measures will be taken to remove obstacles in the development of Bengali culture, literature, art, music and sport and to provide all opportunities by the state to enable the younger generations to attain international standards and to contribute to the nation.
c. Foreign Policy: In international affairs Bangladesh will follow the policy of ‘friendship towards all and malice towards none’.

Proposed Milestones
• 2010: 100 percent net student enrolment at primary level.
• 2011: Supply of pure drinking water for the entire population.
• 2012: Self-sufficiency in food.
• 2013: Each house brought under hygienic sanitation.
• 2013: Attain 8 percent annual growth rate; this will be increased to 10 percent in 2017 and sustained.
• 2013: Bangladesh generates 7000 megawatt of electricity which will be further increased to 8000 megawatt in 2015. Steps will be taken to increase power generation capacity assuming that the demand for power will reach the level of 20000 megawatt in 2021.
• 2013: Free tuition up to degree level.
• 2014: Bangladesh attains full literacy.
• 2015: Living accommodation for the entire population.
• 2021: Contribution of agriculture, industry and service sector to GDP will stand at 15, 40 and 45 respectively in place of 22, 28 and 50 percent as at present.
• 2021: Unemployment reduced to 15 percent from the present rate of 40 percent.
• 2021: Labor in agriculture comes down to 30 % from 48% at present.
• 2021: Labor in industry is 25% from 16% and in service 45% from 36% at present.
• 2021: Poverty rate comes down to 15% from 45% at present.
• 2021: Bangladesh known as a country of educated people with skills in information technology.
• 2021: 85% of the population have standard nutritional food.
• 2021: Poor people ensured a minimum of 2122 kilo calories of food.
• 2021: All kinds of contagious diseases eliminated.
• 2021: Longevity increases to 70 years.
• 2021: Infant mortality comes down to 15 from 54 per thousand at present
• 2021: Maternal death rate reduced to 1.5% from 3.8%.
• 2021: Use of birth control methods increased to 80%